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Publications (31)

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– The role of firm-level relationships in knowledge transfers in Africa and Asia
Carol Newman, John Page, John Rand, Abebe Shimeles, Måns Söderbom, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

This study combines evidence from interviews in seven countries with (i) government institutions responsible for attracting foreign direct investment (FDI), (ii) 102 multinational enterprises (MNEs), and (iii) 226 domestic firms linked to these foreign affiliates as suppliers, customers, or...

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– The case for Special Economic Zones in Africa
Carol Newman, John Page - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Firms tend to cluster in close geographic proximity to each other to benefit from reduced transport costs, shared inputs, and productivity spillovers due to learning and technology transfers. Evidence from low-income countries suggests that such agglomeration economies may be substantial in...

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– Evidence from Senegalese Manufacturing Plant
Fatou Cissé, Ji Eun Choi - UNU-WIDER, 2015 - Helsinki, Finland

The increasing quantity of literature investigating the impact of trade openness on firm efficiency has not yet provided a definite prediction of the direction of causality. This paper investigates how the relationship between exporting and productivity impacts on manufacturing sectors in Senegal...

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– Implications for the Long Run
Mathilde Maurel, Majda Seghir - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

Productivity gains are the prime engine of economic growth. This paper uses a rich amount of firms’ accounting information from the Single Information Collecting Centre in Senegal over the period 1998-2011. To investigate the two main obstacles to growth, poor education and poor access to...

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Fatou Cissé, Ji Eun Choi, Mathilde Maurel - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

Senegal is a typical sub-Saharan economy, which conducted an import substitution policy over 1960-86, followed by a policy of support for the private sector and liberalization of the economy. It suffers from a low level of economic development, hindering the process of economic diversification, and...

Working Paper pdf
Jacob Chege, Dianah Ngui, Peter Kimuyu - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

Three major policy regimes, namely import substitution, market liberalization and export promotion have greatly influenced Kenyan industrialization since independence in 1963. Overall, import substitution strategy was successful in establishing some primary industries but led to reduced domestic...

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– Africa’s Presidential Investors’ Advisory Councils
John Page - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

Recent writing on industrial policy stresses the need for coordination between the public and private sectors. This paper examines the performance of one such coordination mechanism, Presidential Investors’ Advisory Councils, in Ethiopia, Senegal, Tanzania, and Uganda. It finds that the...

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– The Case of Ethiopian Manufacturing
Eyerusalem Siba, Mulu Gebreeyesus - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

In this study, we investigate the relationship between exporting and firm performance using a longer panel dataset of Ethiopian manufacturing firms for the period 1996−2009. We test two hypotheses regarding exporting: selection into exporting versus learning by exporting. According to the...

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– Evidence from the Tunisian Manufacturing Sector
Mohamed Ayadi, Wided Mattoussi - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

In this paper, we explore the link between firm productivity and exporting using three firm level datasets of 1323 Tunisian manufacturing firms from 2004 to 2006. In particular, we examine whether more productive firms self-select into export markets, and whether exporters achieve productivity...

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– Challenges and the Way Forward
Samuel Wangwe, Donald Mmari, Jehovanes Aikaeli, Neema Rutatina, Thadeus Mboghoina, Abel Kinyondo - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

Tanzania’s industrial sector has evolved through various stages since independence in 1961, from nascent and undiversified to state-led import substitution industrialization, and subsequently to de-industrialization under the structural adjustment programmes and policy reforms. The current...

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Søren Schou, José Cardoso - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper addresses the issue of poor data on Mozambican manufacturing firms. A new dataset (the merged manufacturing database) is merged from provincial industrial databases from each of Mozambique’s 11 provinces. The new dataset is assessed by comparing it to the latest manufacturing...

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– Cambodia’s Experience
Sokty Chhair, Luyna Ung - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

One feature of exporting firms in Cambodia is that they are not of domestic origin but are foreign firms that export from the moment they are established in Cambodia. In this paper we examine the extent to which the presence of foreign-owned export firms impacts on the productivity of domestic...

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Nguyen Thi Tue Anh, Luu Minh Duc, Trinh Duc Chieu - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

The transfer from an import-substitution to an export-orientation strategy has been in effect in Vietnam since the reform process, Doi Moi, necessitating the reformulation of macroeconomic, trading and sectoral policies. As a result, the industry sector has experienced gradual growth as the...

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Charles Godfred Ackah, Charles Adjasi, Festus Turkson - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper chronicles the evolution of industry in Ghana over the post-independence era from an inward over-protected import substitution industrialization strategy of 1960-83 to an outward liberalized strategy during 1984-2000, and since 2001, to the private sector-led accelerated industrial...

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Mohamed Ayadi, Wided Mattoussi - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

In this scooping paper on the Tunisian economy we review the historical background of the economy which has undergone substantial structural change since independence in 1956. In particular we emphasize that past record of consistent growth has often masked inequality, regional disparities and high...

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– Further Evidence from Ghana
Charles Godfred Ackah, Charles Adjasi, Festus Turkson, Adjoa Acquah - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper provides evidence on the nature of returns to education in Ghana and confirms the emerging empirical literature on the convexity of returns to education in Ghana. Using a basic Mincerian, model we find that returns to education more than triples from primary to secondary level or higher...

Displaying 16 of 31 results.