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Publications (88)

– Correcting the data on top incomes in China
Qinghai Li, Shi Li, Haiyuan Wan - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

China has experienced fast economic growth over the last forty years. The number of Chinese billionaires has grown exceptionally fast and their wealth has increased enormously. At the same time, official statistics report decreasing inequality over the most recent decade. However, correcting data...

Carlos Gradín, Kunal Sen - United Nations Development Programme Human Development Reports, 2019

Income inequality is the result of complex processes with multiple interacting driving forces but understanding those drivers in emerging economies is particularly difficult because of data and analytical challenges. While most middle-income countries produce comprehensive household surveys these...

Björn Gustafsson, Haiyuan Wan - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

From an international perspective, growth in average wages has been very impressive in urban China during recent decades. Average wages were about ten times as high in 2013 as in 1988. But how has wage inequality evolved during this period? Wage inequality increased rapidly in urban China...

– Income growth for the poor, but more for the rich
Shi Li, Terry Sicular, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

In the late 1970s, China embarked on a major programme of economic transition and reform. Since then, China’s economy has been transformed from a socialist planned economy to a predominately market economy characterized by a combination of state, private, and mixed forms of ownership. Over...

Working Paper pdf
– Data collection and the impact on income inequality
Qinghai Li, Shi Li, Haiyuan Wan - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

With the data on the top incomes collected from different sources, we combine the samples of the top incomes with a household survey to investigate changes in the income distribution with and without the top incomes. The Gini coefficient of income inequality using household survey data is 0....

Working Paper pdf
– Development, transition, and policy
Shi Li, Terry Sicular, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

In this paper we describe the major trends in China’s income inequality over the past 40 years and explain them as the outcome of four interleaved stories. The first story is a standard development story characterized by structural change, market development, labour absorption, and the...

Working Paper pdf
– 1988–2013
Björn Gustafsson, Haiyuan Wan - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

We investigate the evolution of wage levels, wage inequality, and wage determinants among urban residents in China using China Household Income Project data from 1988, 1995, 2002, 2007, and 2013. Average wage grew impressively between each pair of years. Wage inequality had long been on the...

Working Paper pdf
Luo Chuliang, Li Shi, Terry Sicular - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

By using the five waves of the China Household Income Project surveys conducted during 1988–2013, this paper investigates long-term changes in income inequality and poverty in China. Income inequality rose before 2007 and then fell by a small amount. The main reason for the rise in...

Jean-Philippe Platteau - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

There are three main channels of women’s empowerment: legal or policy reforms, outside economic opportunities, and collective action. Legal (or policy) reforms are generally based on statutory laws that enact rules to be followed or prohibit certain practices. External economic...

Nancy Qian - Oxford University Press, 2018
This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Siwan Anderson, Lori Beaman, Jean-Philippe Platteau - Oxford University Press, 2018

This is an open access title available under the terms of a CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO licence. It is free to read at Oxford Scholarship Online and offered as a free PDF download from OUP and selected open access locations. As a result of widespread mistreatment and overt...

Working Paper pdf
Justin Lin - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Myrdal did not cover China in his Asian Drama. If he did, he would have been most likely pessimistic about China, as he was about other Asian countries in his book. However, China has achieved miraculous growth since the transition from a planned economy to a market economy at the end of 1978...

Working Paper pdf
Marta Bengoa, Christopher Rick - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Access to social services in China is connected to a system of household registration (Hukou system) determined by place of origin with difficult geographical transferability. As a consequence, a vast majority of rural-to-urban migrants do not have access to public health services in urban...

Working Paper pdf
– The intergenerational impact of China’s New Rural Pension Scheme
Jing You, Miguel Niño-Zarazúa - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

We examine the heterogeneous and dynamic impact of China’s New Rural Pension Scheme on intergenerational wealth dependence using a nationally representative longitudinal household survey covering the period 2011–13. We adopt an instrumental quantile regression–discontinuity...

Working Paper pdf
Nancy Qian - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

I first document that the introduction of the One Child Policy dramatically increased sex selection in certain regions, and that the Chinese government responded to this by allowing parents who had a daughter as their first child to try for a second child. Next, I show that the increase in...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– a potential indicator of health-care quality in China
Zhan Wang, Niying Li, Mengsi Jiang, Keith Dear, Chee-Ruey Hsieh - Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 2017 - Geneva, Switzerland

Part of Journal Special Issue Measuring quality of care

Displaying 16 of 88 results.