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Publications (348)

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from India
Rachel M. Gisselquist, Anustup Kundu - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

A growing body of research shows that COVID-19 both reflects and exacerbates existing inequalities. However, there are significant gaps in this research area with respect to ‘horizontal’ or group-based inequalities in Global South countries. Lack of group-disaggregated data often...

Working Paper pdf
– India’s informal sector firms
Ira N. Gang, Rajesh Raj Natarajan, Kunal Sen - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

How does informal economic activity respond to increased financial inclusion? Does it become more entrepreneurial? Does access to new financing options change the gender configuration of informal economic activity and, if so, in what ways and what directions? We take advantage of nationwide...

Working Paper pdf
– Rational expectations of disadvantaged groups in India
Pooja Balasubramanian - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This study uses data collected from school students in Mumbai to investigate how they perceive subjective expected returns for different levels of education in an environment that includes labour market discrimination. We are particularly keen to observe subjective returns to education for...

Working Paper pdf
– Patterns, correlates, and consequences
Rajesh Raj Natarajan, Simone Schotte, Kunal Sen - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The Indian labour market is characterized by a high level of informality, with large numbers of workers in poorly paid ‘lower-tier’ informal jobs, and somewhat better paid ‘upper-tier’ informal jobs, which do not have the same benefits and security of tenure as formal jobs...

Working Paper pdf
Vidhya Unnikrishnan, Kunal Sen - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Whether cash transfers have unintended behavioural effects on the recipient household’s labour supply is of considerable policy interest. We examine the ‘intent to treat effect’ of the Indira Gandhi National Old-Age Pension Scheme on prime-age women’s labour supply...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Evidence from an insurgency in India
Heidi Kaila, Saurabh Singhal, Divya Tuteja - World Development, 2020

India has employed a variety of military, political and economic measures to combat the long running insurgency in Kashmir with little evidence on what contributes to stability in the region. This paper uses a variety of tests to detect structural breaks in the time series for violence over the...

– Are women more affected?
Bina Agarwal - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Globally, governments are using lockdowns to contain the spread of COVID-19. This has disproportionately affected the poor, the homeless, and the migrants who are left without livelihoods, especially where the lockdown is country-wide, as in India. But has it affected women more than men? If so,...

– An all too real dilemma for the poor in India (and elsewhere)
Marty Chen - WIEGO, 2020

On March 24, in a speech to the nation, Narendra Modi, Prime Minister of India, announced a 21-day lockdown. With only four hours’ notice, 1.3 billion people were expected to stay at home and not venture out for three weeks. All buses, trains and domestic air flights were suspended. But the...

Working Paper pdf
Alia Aghajanian, Patricia Justino, Jean-Pierre Tranchant - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper explores the relationship between household exposure to riots and social capital in urban India using a panel dataset collected by the authors in the state of Maharashtra. The analysis applies a random-effect model with lagged covariates to estimate the exogenous effect of riots on...

Working Paper pdf
– An investigation of India’s employment guarantee programme
Parantap Basu, Rajesh Raj Natarajan, Kunal Sen - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Administrative failures in anti-poverty programmes are widespread in developing countries. We focus on one such administrative failure—the persistent delay in paying beneficiaries on time in India’s iconic anti-poverty programme, the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA...

Background Note pdf
– The case of India
Kunal Sen - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Several countries have enacted lockdown measures in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic to protect their health systems and reduce the number of mortalities. One of the most extreme national lockdown measures has been taken by the government of India, with over 1.3 billion persons put under a...

Working Paper pdf
– Landholding patterns and women’s low work participation rates in West Bengal, India
Deepita Chakravarty - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Compared with most other Indian states, women’s reported work participation rates have historically been low in West Bengal. This trend is more prominent in rural areas. Historians have tried to explain this phenomenon in terms of culture and the ideology of domesticity. While persisting...

Working Paper pdf
Gregory Clark - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

In societies where surnames are inherited from parents, we can use these names to estimate rates of intergenerational mobility. This paper explains how to make such estimates, and illustrates their use in pre-industrial England and modern Chile and India. These surname estimates have the...

Working Paper pdf
– Theory and evidence from India
Prasenjit Banerjee, Vegard Iversen, Sandip Mitra, Antonio Nicolò, Kunal Sen - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

What motivates individuals to become politicians? This is an important question in decentralized democracies, where local politicians play a key role in public goods provision. However, and in emerging economies, bureaucratic hurdles and administrative failures introduce uncertainty about the...

Working Paper pdf
– Two episodes
Saon Ray, Sabyasachi Kar - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Developing countries face a trade-off between the twin objectives of structural transformation and inclusive growth. This is the ‘developer’s dilemma’. This study analyses the dilemma as it manifested itself in the Indian context, and identifies two distinct episodes over the...

Working Paper pdf
– Measurement (and downward mobility) pitfalls
Vegard Iversen - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Limited attention has been paid to how well social mobility measures debated and used to study industrial countries perform in analysis of low-income settings. Following brief, selective reviews of the axiomatic and econometric literatures, three mobility concepts illustrate how properties...

Displaying 16 of 348 results.