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Publications (50)

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Carlos Gradín - Applied Economics, 2020

We extend the conventional framework for measuring segregation to consider the stratification of occupations by gender, i.e. when either women or men are predominantly segregated into low-paying jobs. We propose the use of the concentration curve to analyse first-order stochastic dominance, and...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from changes in the occupational structure of employment in the USA and Mexico
Guido Matias Cortes, Diego M. Morris - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The decline of employment in middle-wage, routine task intensive jobs has been well documented for the USA. Increased offshoring towards lower-income countries such as Mexico has been proposed as a potential driver of this decline. Our analysis provides a unique and new approach to address the...

Working Paper pdf
– Different economic models but similarly low levels of socioeconomic mobility
Roy van der Weide, Ambar Narayan - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

The United States and China are the world’s largest economies. Together they are responsible for about one-third of the world’s economic output. This paper aims to examine whether the two economic giants are also lands of opportunity where resources are allocated in a way that...

– What can we learn from the experience of Vietnamese Americans?
Carl L. Bankston - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Policy makers should see integration and upward mobility, and not simply placement and survival, as goals of resettlement of refugees. Our research on the integration of Vietnamese refugees in the United States shows that this population has demonstrated high levels of upward mobility. Drawing on...

Working Paper pdf
Carl Stempel, Qais Alemi - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Using 1990 5% Census and American Community Survey data, we examine the economic integration of Afghan refugees to the US, focusing on employment rates and income levels. First-wave Afghan refugees (those arriving 1980–90) have made significant income and employment gains, while poverty...

Working Paper pdf
– The case of Vietnamese refugee resettlement in the United States
Carl L. Bankston III, Min Zhou - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

In this study, we examine the Vietnamese population of the United States as a case study in the integration of a refugee group in a host country. We approach this case in three parts. We first offer a brief review of Vietnamese refugee resettlement in the US and the making of a new ethnic...

Working Paper pdf
Carlos Gradín - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

We extend the conventional framework for measuring segregation to consider stratification of occupations by gender, i.e. when women or men are predominantly segregated into low-paying jobs. For this, we propose to use concentration curves and indices. Our empirical analysis using this approach...

Working Paper pdf
Gordon C. Rausser, Harry de Gorter - UNU-WIDER, 2013 - Helsinki, Finland

Since 2006, global prices and price volatility for foodgrain commodities have spiked frequently and dramatically. Such spikes have had the heaviest economic and social impact on developing nations, where agriculture accounts for a sizable portion of economic activity. We demonstrate how US public...

Luc Christiaensen, Lorraine Telfer-Taivainen - UNU-WIDER, 2012 - Helsinki, Finland

Luc Christiaensen and Lorraine Telfer-Taivainen If a person suddenly becomes poor, for example, due to an unexpected death or illness in the family, they will have a rather different experience and understanding of poverty than someone who has been impoverished almost their entire life....

Tony Addison - UNU-WIDER, 2011 - Helsinki, Finland

Tony Addison The present currency turmoil is both a product and a cause of profound changes now underway in the global economy. Part 1 of this two-part article, which appeared in the October Angle, focused on Latin America and Europe. Part 2 discusses the latest turbulence in the eurozone as...

Working Paper pdf
James Robinson - UNU-WIDER, 2010 - Helsinki, Finland

Particular sets of institutions, once they become established in a society, have a strong tendency to persist. In this paper I argue that understanding how elites form and reproduce is key to understanding the persistence of institutions over time. I illustrate this idea with a simple political...

Journal Article
– US FDI in Emerging Economies
Manop Udomkerdmongkol, Oliver Morrissey, Holger Görg - Review of Development Economics, 2009

Part of Journal Special Issue FDI, Employment, and Growth in China and India

– Some Lessons for Developing Countries
William Lazonick - UNU-WIDER, 2009 - Helsinki, Finland

William Lazonick Defined as the act of forming a new business, entrepreneurship is viewed as a prime way in which individualism can contribute to economic development.  Recently The Economist depicted entrepreneurs as “global heroes” who can lead us out of the current economic...

Working Paper pdf
– US FDI in Emerging Economies
Manop Udomkerdmongkol, Oliver Morrissey, Holger Görg - UNU-WIDER, 2008 - Helsinki, Finland

The paper investigates the impact of exchange rates on US foreign direct investment (FDI) flows to a sample of 16 emerging market countries using annual panel data for the period 1990-2002. Three separate exchange rate effects are considered: the value of the local currency (a cheaper currency...

Displaying 16 of 50 results.