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Publications (57)

Working Paper pdf
– Lessons from 19th-century America and 21st-century China
Yuen Yuen Ang - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

How do modern fiscal states arise? Perhaps the most dominant explanation, based on the European experience, is that democratic institutions that limited the extractive power of states—exemplified by the 1688 Glorious Revolution in England—paved the way for the rise of fiscal capacity...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– The case of Vietnamese refugee resettlement in the United States
Carl L. Bankston, Min Zhou - Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 2021
Blog
Lant Pritchett - Lant Pritchett, 2021

The tragedy for the Afghan people of the Taliban re-taking control of the country in August 2021 is the denouement of a process 20 years in the making. The sudden collapse of the Afghan government and the national security forces over the course of a few days is not a “surprise” to...

Working Paper pdf
Susan Stokes - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

There are sound theoretical reasons to expect clientelism to suppress economic growth: politicians who garner support by offering employment to voters and grassroots party members can do so more effectively when the voters’ participation constraint is met with low wages. Hence, clientelism...

Working Paper pdf
Francesco Iacoella, Patricia Justino, Bruno Martorano - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper analyses how inequality across counties in the United States of America has shaped the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the incidence of protests. The empirical analysis combines weekly data between January and December 2020 on levels of COVID-19-related policy stringency and...

Blog
Rachel M. Gisselquist - The Loop , 2021

The last several months have given us many reasons to worry about US democracy – not least the riot at the US Capitol and the president’s refusal to accept the results of the November election, with Republican support. Rachel Gisselquist argues that clientelism is yet another reason...

Working Paper pdf
Sanghamitra Bandyopadhyay, Rui Sun - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Understanding the relationship between income inequality and economic growth is of utmost importance to economists and social scientists. In this paper we use a Bayesian structural vector autoregression approach to estimate the relationship between inequality and growth via growth and...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Carlos Gradín - Applied Economics, 2020

We extend the conventional framework for measuring segregation to consider the stratification of occupations by gender, i.e. when either women or men are predominantly segregated into low-paying jobs. We propose the use of the concentration curve to analyse first-order stochastic dominance, and...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from changes in the occupational structure of employment in the USA and Mexico
Guido Matias Cortes, Diego M. Morris - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The decline of employment in middle-wage, routine task intensive jobs has been well documented for the USA. Increased offshoring towards lower-income countries such as Mexico has been proposed as a potential driver of this decline. Our analysis provides a unique and new approach to address the...

Working Paper pdf
– Different economic models but similarly low levels of socioeconomic mobility
Roy van der Weide, Ambar Narayan - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

The United States and China are the world’s largest economies. Together they are responsible for about one-third of the world’s economic output. This paper aims to examine whether the two economic giants are also lands of opportunity where resources are allocated in a way that...

Blog
– What can we learn from the experience of Vietnamese Americans?
Carl L. Bankston - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Policy makers should see integration and upward mobility, and not simply placement and survival, as goals of resettlement of refugees. Our research on the integration of Vietnamese refugees in the United States shows that this population has demonstrated high levels of upward mobility. Drawing on...

Working Paper pdf
Carl Stempel, Qais Alemi - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Using 1990 5% Census and American Community Survey data, we examine the economic integration of Afghan refugees to the US, focusing on employment rates and income levels. First-wave Afghan refugees (those arriving 1980–90) have made significant income and employment gains, while poverty...

Working Paper pdf
– The case of Vietnamese refugee resettlement in the United States
Carl L. Bankston III, Min Zhou - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

In this study, we examine the Vietnamese population of the United States as a case study in the integration of a refugee group in a host country. We approach this case in three parts. We first offer a brief review of Vietnamese refugee resettlement in the US and the making of a new ethnic...

Working Paper pdf
Carlos Gradín - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

We extend the conventional framework for measuring segregation to consider stratification of occupations by gender, i.e. when women or men are predominantly segregated into low-paying jobs. For this, we propose to use concentration curves and indices. Our empirical analysis using this approach...

Working Paper pdf
Gordon C. Rausser, Harry de Gorter - UNU-WIDER, 2013 - Helsinki, Finland

Since 2006, global prices and price volatility for foodgrain commodities have spiked frequently and dramatically. Such spikes have had the heaviest economic and social impact on developing nations, where agriculture accounts for a sizable portion of economic activity. We demonstrate how US public...

Displaying 16 of 57 results.