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Publications (12)

Working Paper pdf
– What Are the Issues at Stake?
Cecilia Ugaz - UNU-WIDER, 1999 - Helsinki, Finland

The privatization trend affecting the state involvement in productive sectors is also challenging the role of the state in the provision of social services. And, as private participation in social sectors increases, a regulatory framework is needed to ensure that the market reaches socially...

Working Paper pdf
– A Critical Review
Päivi Mattila-Wiro - UNU-WIDER, 1999 - Helsinki, Finland

The aim of this paper is to review the principal assumptions and aspects of the unitary household model and collective models of household behaviour. Empirical studies are presented to assess whether the theories can offer adequate descriptions of household behaviour and to examine the types of...

Working Paper pdf
– A Long-Term Perspective
Giovanni Andrea Cornia, Germano Mwabu - UNU-WIDER, 1997 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper discusses the main changes in infant, child and maternal mortality which have occurred over 1960-1995 in Sub-Saharan Africa and analyses the main factors responsible for the observed shifts in these health trends. To do so, the paper surveys the major mortality models discussed in the...

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– A Case Study of Tanzania
Marja-Liisa Swantz - UNU-WIDER, 1997 - Helsinki, Finland

The first part of the paper describes steps which Tanzania took in order to provide key social services to her people. Tanzania made great efforts within the ujamaa socialist system to provide free social services for rural as well as urban people, regardless of their income level. Even after the...

Working Paper pdf
– Towards Synergy
Mark Robinson, Gordon White - UNU-WIDER, 1997 - Helsinki, Finland

In recent years churches, NGOs and community associations, commonly referred to as civic organizations, have been playing an increasing role in the provision of social services in response to fiscal stress, state inefficiency and an ideological environment favouring non-state action. In this paper...

Working Paper pdf
Simon Appleton - UNU-WIDER, 1997 - Helsinki, Finland

The analysis of the optimal funding of education is complicated by the numerous and serious market failures which are likely to characterize a free market for education. Prominent amongst these are the likely external benefits of education, stressed by some new economic growth models. However, no...

Working Paper pdf
– Concepts and Issues
Cecilia Ugaz - UNU-WIDER, 1997 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper is the fruit of an attempt to distinguish the elements, present in a fiscal decentralization process, that are likely to contribute to efficiency enhancement in the provision of social services in developing countries. From the methodological point of view, the paper makes an effort,...

Working Paper pdf
Douglass C. North - UNU-WIDER, 1997 - Helsinki, Finland

A good deal is known about what makes for successful economic development, but very little is known about how to get there - that entails an understanding of the process of economic change. The paper first examines the sources of successful growth and then explores the process of dynamic change of...

Working Paper pdf
– A Review of the Underlying Theory and Assumptions
Germano Mwabu - UNU-WIDER, 1997 - Helsinki, Finland

The paper reviews the theoretical basis for the application of user fees in the public health sector in low-income countries with particular reference to the special characteristics of medical care as a commodity. The general equilibrium efficiency result of the market mechanism is shown to be the...

Working Paper pdf
– Towards an Optimal Policy Mix?
Reino Hjerppe - UNU-WIDER, 1997 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper is part of a larger UNUIWIDER research project which examines the problems of the provision of basic social goods, such as health care, education, maternal care and safe water, in the developing countries. These services have characteristics in common with quasi-public goods, and the...

Working Paper pdf
– The Case of Nigeria
Daniel Edevbaro - UNU-WIDER, 1997 - Helsinki, Finland

In the first two or three decades of independence, Nigeria, like the rest of Africa.  placed heavy emphasis on expanding educational opportunities from primary school through university. This has resulted in a very impressive increase in the number of students enrolled in institutions at...

Working Paper pdf
Daniel Edevbaro - UNU-WIDER, 1996 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper presents a brief history of social services provision in Nigeria with special reference to education. It argues that the problems of implementation of social policies are due to state monopolies; the negative effects of structural adjustment conditionalities; central government...

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