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Methodology

Publications (13)

Working Paper pdf
Andrew Clapham - UNU-WIDER, 2000 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper defines a role for human rights and human rights workers in the discussion of humanitarian emergencies. The approach is to look at how human rights law, monitoring, and information can be useful in two ways: (1) to warn of an impending humanitarian emergency, and (2) as part of efforts...

Working Paper pdf
– An Econometric Investigation into the Sources of Humanitarian Emergencies
E. Wayne Nafziger, Juha Auvinen - UNU-WIDER, 1997 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper uses econometric methods and case-study evidence to examine the political economy of complex humanitarian emergencies, multidimensional crises characterized by warfare, state violence, disease, hunger, and displacement. We emphasize that economic variables often become salient through...

Working Paper pdf
William Reno - UNU-WIDER, 1997 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper explains correlations between humanitarian emergencies and political economies of 'failing states' in Liberia and Sierra Leone. In both, Cold War era rulers acquired personal power through their influence over economic exchange, irrespective of conventional public/private...

Working Paper pdf
– The Political Economy of Emergency in Haiti
Mats Lundahl - UNU-WIDER, 1997 - Helsinki, Finland

Towards the Abyss? The Political Economy of Emergency in Haiti analyzes the various factors that have contributed to create a protracted humanitarian emergency situation in Haiti. The first section deals with the economic causes, the interplay between population growth, erosion and falling rural...

Working Paper pdf
– The Political Economy of Humanitarian Emergencies
E. Wayne Nafziger, Juha Auvinen - UNU-WIDER, 1997 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper uses econometric methods and case-study evidence to examine the political economy of complex humanitarian emergencies, multidimensional crises characterized by warfare, disease, hunger, and displacement. We find that stagnation and decline in real GDP, high income inequality, inflation,...

Working Paper pdf
K. J. Holsti - UNU-WIDER, 1997 - Helsinki, Finland

This diagnostic study explores the political conditions that are associated with humanitarian emergencies. It employs a risk rather than cause-effect methodology. Humanitarian emergencies are not random events. They occur most frequently in states having the following characteristics: i) more than...

Working Paper pdf
– Lessons from El Salvador
Manuel Pastor, James Boyce - UNU-WIDER, 1997 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper develops and tests five hypotheses regarding the economic causes of complex humanitarian emergencies (CHEs). We argue that: (1) such emergencies, involving large-scale deaths and population displacements, are most likely to occur when growth is slow, negative, or falls far...

Working Paper pdf
– A Case of a Humanitarian Emergency
Kisangani N. F. Emizet - UNU-WIDER, 1997 - Helsinki, Finland

The recent history of Zaire presents a unique opportunity to understand and explain humanitarian emergencies. This monograph follows an inductive approach in analysing the trajectory of state-building in Zaire as a significant explanatory variable of humanitarian emergencies. By tracing the sources...

Working Paper pdf
– Insights from the Interface of State, Democracy and Civil Society
Claude Ake - UNU-WIDER, 1997 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper provides a beginning toward explaining why humanitarian emergencies have been so substantial in the post-cold war era, a period expected to be less violent. The humanitarian emergencies of the contemporary period tend to be state-centred, focus on identity claims, and occur in developing...

Working Paper pdf
– Indicators, Measurements, and Data Considerations
Helinä Melkas - UNU-WIDER, 1996 - Helsinki, Finland

This Research in Progress report is divided into two parts. Part I studies the operationalization and indicators of the different elements of complex humanitarian emergencies. It includes discussions of what to try to measure when looking into the magnitude of emergencies and why, what data are...

Working Paper pdf
Raimo Väyrynen - UNU-WIDER, 1996 - Helsinki, Finland

The Age of Humanitarian Emergencies makes an effort to define and operationalize a humanitarian emergency. After having discussed extensively definitions related to collective violence, especially genocide and civil war, the paper opts for a more comprehensive definition associated with the idea of...

Working Paper pdf
– Reflections from the Case of Rwanda
Peter Uvin - UNU-WIDER, 1996 - Helsinki, Finland

Rwanda's genocide is the end-result of a combination of processes, none of which can easily be priorized or separated from the others. These processes are: extreme pauperization and reduction of life chances for a majority of the poor, especially from 1985 onwards; the Front Patriotique...

Working Paper pdf
– Réflections á partir du cas du Rwanda
Peter Uvin - UNU-WIDER, 1996 - Helsinki, Finland

Le génocide rwandais est le résultat final d'une combinaison de mécanismes dont aucun ne peut revendiquer être prioritaire ou indépendant des autres. Parmi ces mécanismes figurent une extrême pauvreté et la réduction des perspectives d'avenir pour la majorité de la population, tout...

Displaying 13 of 13 results.