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Publications (15)

Working Paper pdf
– An application to Tanzania
Tomoki Fujii - UNU-WIDER, 2015 - Helsinki, Finland

We develop a poverty decomposition method that is based on a consumption regression model. Because this method uses an integral of the partial derivatives of a poverty measure with respect to time, the resulting poverty decomposition satisfies time-reversion consistency and sub-period additivity...

Working Paper pdf
– Are There Lessons for Countries in Africa?
Edmund Amann, Armando Barrientos - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

Brazil’s recent growth has been intensely pro-poor, and both poverty and inequality have declined significantly in the last decade. It has been suggested that Brazil’s unexpected successes are the outcome of a new model of development. The paper argues that Brazil’s unique...

Working Paper pdf
– Comparing Objective and Subjective Poverty Rates in South Africa
Dorrit Posel, Michael Rogan - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

In this paper, we compare subjective and money-metric measures of poverty in South Africa using data collected in the 2008/09 Living Conditions Survey. In addition to collecting detailed information on expenditure, the survey asked respondents to provide an assessment of the economic status of...

Working Paper pdf
Arjan de Haan, Roberto Foa - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper, using a new set of social development indices, explores the measurement of social development across Africa, and how this relates to broader development patterns and measurement. Development practitioners worldwide increasingly recognize the importance of informal institutions, such...

Working Paper pdf
– Analysis with evidence from Swaziland
Zuzana Brixiová, Mthuli Ncube, Zorobabel Bicaba - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

The shortages of entrepreneurial skills have lowered search effectiveness of potential young entrepreneurs and the rate of youth start-ups. Our paper contributes to closing the gap in the entrepreneurship and development literature with a model of costly firm creation and skill differences...

Working Paper pdf
Haroon Bhorat, Sumayya Goga, Benjamin Stanwix - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper examines the changing nature of occupational labour-market trends in South Africa and the resulting impact on wages. We observe high levels of demand for skilled labour that have intensified a trend already established before 1994. Over the period 2001-12 employment within the primary...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from a Panel Survey of Tanzania
Amarakoon Bandara, Rajeev Dehejia, Shaheen Lavie Rouse - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper investigates the impact of income and non-income shocks on child labour using a model in which the household maximizes utility from consumption as well as human capital development of the child. Two types of shocks are considered: agricultural shocks as an income shock and the death of a...

Working Paper pdf
Eric Ekobor-Ackah Mochiah, Robert Darko Osei, Isaac Osei Akoto - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

A cash transfer programme ‘Livelihood Empowerment against Poverty’ has been implemented with the aim of addressing poverty and vulnerability in Ghana. This study looks at the impact of this conditional cash transfer programme on households’ supply of labour for agriculture, paid...

Working Paper pdf
– Micro-Level Evidence
Dennis Essers - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper studies individual-level labour market transitions and their determinants in South Africa during the zenith and aftermath of the global financial and economic crisis using 2008 to 2010-2011 panel data from the National Income Dynamics Study and matched cross-sections of the Quarterly...

Working Paper pdf
– Interpreting Trends in the Data Over the Past Two Decades
Morten Jerven - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper reviews the current problems of national accounting in Sub-Saharan Africa. With the current uneven application of methods and availability of data, any ranking of countries according to gross domestic product levels is misleading. It is increasingly acknowledged that the problems...

Working Paper pdf
Carlos Gradín - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper investigates inequalities across the major black ethnic groups in South Africa, accounting for 80 per cent of the country’s population. We demonstrate that there is an important ethnic gap in the poverty levels of the Xhosa and the Zulu with respect to the Sotho/Tswana. We also...

Roger Williamson - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

26 March 2014 Roger Williamson Africa is growing, with The Economist noting that 6 out of 10 of the world’s fastest growing economies for 2000-10 were in Africa. But how optimistic should we be? UNU-WIDER’s new research priorities for 2014-18 are transformation, inclusion, and...

Carl-Gustav Lindén - UNU-WIDER, 2013 - Helsinki, Finland

24 September 2013 Carl-Gustav Lindén At the recent UNU-WIDER conference here in Helsinki on inclusive growth in Africa, the quality of national accounts was hotly debated. Part of the conference was focused on innovative methods, theories and empirical approaches to measuring poverty...

Roger Williamson - UNU-WIDER, 2013 - Helsinki, Finland

24 September 2013 Roger Williamson WIDER Annual Lecture 17 - President Martti Ahtisaari © UNU-WIDER/Alexander Zach Another big weekend for UNU-WIDER. The stage was well set on Thursday 19 September for a consideration of inequality and poverty in Africa, at the 17th WIDER...

Carl-Gustav Lindén - UNU-WIDER, 2013 - Helsinki, Finland

9 May 2013 Carl-Gustav Lindén The world is a complex place where risk and uncertainty are an everyday challenge. Decision makers at all levels say they are drowning in information; they are longing for clarity and knowledge, rather than conflicting information and opinions. The...

Displaying 15 of 15 results.