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Publications (23)

Journal Article
Tony Addison, Alemayehu Geda, Philippe Le Billon, S. Mansoob Murshed - The Journal of Development Studies, 2005

Reconstructing the financial system in countries affected by violent conflict is crucial to successful and broad-based recovery. Particularly important tasks include: currency reform, rebuilding (or creating) central banks, revitalising the banking sector, and strengthening prudential supervision...

– Going Beyond Greed versus Grievance
Tony Addison, S. Mansoob Murshed - Journal of International Development, 2003 - Oxford, UK

Recent years have seen a surge of research into the causes of conflict together with its development effects, as well as the design of peace initiatives, peace-keeping and programmes of reconstruction, reconciliation and democratization in ‘post-conflict’ societies. This research deals...

Journal Article
Tony Addison, S. Mansoob Murshed - Journal of Peace Research, 2003 - Oslo

Reducing or writing off the debts of the 41 heavily indebted poor countries (HIPCs) can potentially reduce social conflict by releasing resources from debt-service to enable governments to make fiscal transfers that lower the grievances of rebels (when conflict is partly rooted in grievances over...

Working Paper pdf
Svetlana P. Glinkina, Dorothy J. Rosenberg - UNU-WIDER, 2003 - Helsinki, Finland

We argue that the conflicts in the Caucasus are the result of the abrogation by the elite of the earlier, Soviet era, social contract. This process was accompanied by the collapse of the formal economy; evidenced by huge national income compression, falling public goods provision, and growing...

Working Paper pdf
– The Regional Dimensions
Timothy Shaw - UNU-WIDER, 2003 - Helsinki, Finland

Contemporary Africa reveals a range of causes, consequences and responses to conflicts which are increasingly interrelated as well as regional in character, as around the Great Lakes/Horn. Their economic and non-state features are undeniable, leading to some promising possibilities in terms of...

Working Paper pdf
– Economic Development, Public Policy and Conflict Containment
K. S. Jomo, Hui Wee Chong - UNU-WIDER, 2002 - Helsinki, Finland

Conflicts within the Malaysian federation have been rooted in socio-economic disparities and the struggle for control of natural resource rents, which State Governments previously had exclusive control over, as originally provided for by the federal constitution. The advance of fiscal...

Working Paper pdf
– The Collapse of the Oslo Accord
Fadle M. Naqib - UNU-WIDER, 2002 - Helsinki, Finland

Since October 2000 Israel and the Palestinians of the West Bank and Gaza Strip have become entangled in a bloody confrontation. This paper focuses on the economic relationship between the Israeli economy and the Palestinian economy of the West Bank and Gaza Strip, and the ways in which this has...

S. Mansoob Murshed - Journal of Peace Research, 2002 - New York, USA

Previous UNU-WIDER research has shown that the risk of internal conflict is high in low-income societies rich in natural resources and characterised by ethnic fragmentation. Yet for each country in conflict there are many others with similar characteristics that are at peace. Understanding why some...

Journal Article
Tony Addison, Philippe Le Billon, S. Mansoob Murshed - The Journal of African Economies, 2002

War provides economic opportunities, such as the capture of valuable natural resources, that are unavailable in peacetime. However, belligerents may prefer low‐intensity conflict to total war when the former has a greater pay‐off. This paper therefore uses a two‐actor model to capture the continuum...

Working Paper pdf
Tony Addison, Alemayehu Geda, Philippe Le Billon, S. Mansoob Murshed - UNU-WIDER, 2001 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper discusses some of the principal issues relating to the reconstruction of the financial sector in conflict-affected countries, focusing on currency reform, the rebuilding (or creation) of central banks, the revitalization of the banking system, and its prudential supervision and...

Working Paper pdf
– Reviving the Social Contract
Tony Addison, S. Mansoob Murshed - UNU-WIDER, 2001 - Helsinki, Finland

Contemporary civil wars are rooted in a partial or complete breakdown of the social contract, often involving disputes over public spending, resource revenues, and taxation. A feasible social contract gives potential rebels something akin to a transfer. When this is improbable, and...

Working Paper pdf
– Looting or Terror?
Jean-Paul Azam, Anke Hoeffler - UNU-WIDER, 2001 - Helsinki, Finland

A simple two-stage game-theoretic model of conflict is analysed, where the government can send raiders for terrorising the population to flee before the fighting proper begins. The resulting displacement of population reduces the efficiency of the guerrilla in the fight against the government....

Working Paper pdf
Tony Addison, S. Mansoob Murshed - UNU-WIDER, 2001 - Helsinki, Finland

The paper analyses credibility and reputation in the context of peace negotiations. Where war provides economic gains to one side, peace is not incentive compatible, and peace agreements will necessarily degenerate, as they become time inconsistent. Levels of conflict are an...

Working Paper pdf
Tony Addison, Philippe Le Billon, S. Mansoob Murshed - UNU-WIDER, 2001 - Helsinki, Finland

The relationship between an economy's financial sector and the occurrence and resolution of conflict may at first sight appear tenuous. Banking systems, financial regulation and currency arrangements do not appear to be relevant in understanding why nations collapse or why people...

Working Paper pdf
– the Role of Corruption in Conflicts
Philippe Le Billon - UNU-WIDER, 2001 - Helsinki, Finland

Corruption is endogenous to many political structures and serves key functions beyond the self-interest of public officials and politicians. Like violence, corruption participates in political ordering and, although corruption may in itself play a corrosive role on economies and rule...

Working Paper pdf
– Rethinking “Transition” in Central and Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union
Janine R. Wedel - UNU-WIDER, 2001 - Helsinki, Finland

Informal systems of relationships may be the most appropriate unit of analysis for understanding the patterns of development of many aspects of corruption, organized crime, markets, and the state. The lack of attention to informal systems can produce unanticipated and undesired...

Displaying 16 of 23 results.