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Publications (136)

Research Brief pdf
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2015 - Helsinki, Finland

​​The clustering of industries in specific areas has improved industrial productivity in a number of countries. Since the mid-1990s in Tunisia, concerted policies have been introduced which focus on improving the efficiency of the labour force, and the productivity of firms by creating clusters...

Research Brief pdf
– Determining the impact of rising food prices
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2015 - Helsinki, Finland

Evidence obtained from detailed household surveys in Mozambique during the 2008-09 food price shock reveals just how pronounced the impact of food price inflation can be on children’s overall nutrition status. Moderate and severe underweight prevalence in children in Mozambique is...

Research Brief pdf
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2015 - Helsinki, Finland

Burkina Faso is a landlocked country in West Africa, poor in natural resources, and with low levels of human development. Its economy remains agricultural and focused on food crops and cotton production. Over the last twenty years it has experienced average annual growth of around 2%. However...

Research Brief pdf
– How much are we willing to allow top earners to squeeze the poor?
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2015 - Helsinki, Finland

The majority of income inequality occurs at the tails of the income distribution  The Gini coefficient does not provide a representative measure of income inequality When the top 10% of income earners expand their share of national income it often appears to be to the detriment...

Research Brief pdf
– Income inequality in former British African colonies
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2015 - Helsinki, Finland

The presence of European colonial powers in Africa has left a long-lasting legacy that has severely impacted their development trajectories. But what are the lingering effects of colonization on economic performance, in particular with regard to inequality? While clear information on many...

Research Brief pdf
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2015 - Helsinki, Finland

The Egyptian food system has been affected by both global food markets and domestic factors. During the recent global food price crisis, an estimated 30–40 percent of the price fluctuations in the global food market were transmitted to Egypt’s food market. Domestically, government...

Research Brief pdf
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2015 - Helsinki, Finland

The recent food price crisis and the responses of the policy makers in developing countries provide an unprecedented opportunity to analyse the policy processes in these countries. Policy responses differed depending on the nature and magnitude of the roles of various actors, political...

Research Brief pdf
– IMF financing versus debt-restructuring
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2015 - Helsinki, Finland

​In the twentieth and early twenty-first centuries, debt crises have plagued low-, middle-, and high-income countries at various times. Indebted countries have generally addressed balance of payments crises either by (a) obtaining International Monetary Fund (IMF) emergency financing; or (b)...

Research Brief pdf
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2015 - Helsinki, Finland

Global food price hikes during 2007-08 resulted in a sharp rise in staple food prices in Bangladesh, which in turn led to a significant rise in the number of households falling below the poverty line. On the political front, Bangladesh was run by an unelected and undemocratic ‘civil’...

Research Brief pdf
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2015 - Helsinki, Finland

The global food crisis in 2007–08 raised concerns everywhere, including in China. However, despite China’s highly-integrated domestic and international markets for many agricultural commodities, the effect of the crisis in China was only moderate. The government’s responses and...

Research Brief pdf
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2015 - Helsinki, Finland

The impact of the 2007–08 food price crisis in Brazil was relatively subdued compared with what took place in many other developing countries. Because the crisis potentially undermined both social inclusion and price stability, both important priorities in Brazil, the absence of any great...

Research Brief pdf
UNU -WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2015 - Helsinki, Finland

Aid projects that specifically target women tend be better at increasing gender equality than those that mainstream gender. The gender gap can be narrowed through public works that focus on providing decent employment for women as well as training and micro-finance for...

Research Brief
UNU -WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

Economic growth has had a negative effect on unemployment and poverty reduction in Africa. The transition from low- to middle income requires within sector increases in productivity and a shift of labour resources from low productivity agriculture to high productivity...

Research Brief
UNU -WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

Social insurance has not succeeded in reducing fiscal deficits and expanding coverage to more beneficiaries in Latin America Social assistance has had a greater impact on poverty and inequality than social insurance In lower-middle-income countries, social assistance programmes have...

Research Brief
UNU -WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

During the 1990s, inequality in Ecuador increased because of a natural disaster and deep economic and financial crisis, as well as the impact of liberalization of the trade and financial sectors on labour markets Falling income equality in Ecuador during the 2000s partly coincides with...

Research Brief
– An Empirical Analysis
UNU -WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

Left-of-centre governments emphasized fiscally-prudent but more equitable macroeconomic, tax, social expenditure and labour policies A drop in the premium paid to skilled workers following a rapid expansion of secondary education decreased wage inequality Addressing continued...

Displaying 32 of 136 results.