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Publications (142)

Research Brief pdf
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, Finland

The demand for irrigation is likely to increase in South Africa as a result of increased temperatures and evaporation rates. Rain-fed agricultural crops are likely to experience a decline in average annual yields. This is particularly the case for maize and wheat, which are staple foods...

Research Brief pdf
– The animal-feed-to-poultry value chain
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, Finland

15-20% of local demand for poultry in South Africa is met by imports Evidence from Zambia suggests that capital investments in the value chain can increase local production Increased demand due to growing urban populations poses critical challenges for local industrialization in...

Research Brief pdf
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, Finland

Climate change risks for run-off and irrigation demand vary significantly across South Africa, with some regions expected to experience increased drying and others flooding Smaller impacts on water resources by 2050 are expected if global emissions are mitigated Even under strong...

Research Brief pdf
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, Finland

Supermarkets are potential partners in regional industrial development and should be considered in future policy making While the growth of supermarkets in the region has improved competitive pricing and accessibility to a broader range of products and services, it has also imposed...

Research Brief pdf
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, Finland

While South Africa’s democratic transition precipitated a period of growth, this growth was not inclusive and both poverty and inequality remain high A significant trend in the South African labour market has been the rising share of workers in the public sector High levels of...

Research Brief pdf
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2015 - Helsinki, Finland

What types of businesses benefit or suffer due to geographic clustering? Data available from Cambodia on competition and spillovers—at both village- and commune-level—is useful to answer a number of questions about the effects of clustering and the possible benefits or drawbacks of...

Research Brief pdf
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2015 - Helsinki, Finland

​​The clustering of industries in specific areas has improved industrial productivity in a number of countries. Since the mid-1990s in Tunisia, concerted policies have been introduced which focus on improving the efficiency of the labour force, and the productivity of firms by creating clusters...

Research Brief pdf
– Determining the impact of rising food prices
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2015 - Helsinki, Finland

Evidence obtained from detailed household surveys in Mozambique during the 2008-09 food price shock reveals just how pronounced the impact of food price inflation can be on children’s overall nutrition status. Moderate and severe underweight prevalence in children in Mozambique is...

Research Brief pdf
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2015 - Helsinki, Finland

Burkina Faso is a landlocked country in West Africa, poor in natural resources, and with low levels of human development. Its economy remains agricultural and focused on food crops and cotton production. Over the last twenty years it has experienced average annual growth of around 2%. However...

Research Brief pdf
– How much are we willing to allow top earners to squeeze the poor?
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2015 - Helsinki, Finland

The majority of income inequality occurs at the tails of the income distribution  The Gini coefficient does not provide a representative measure of income inequality When the top 10% of income earners expand their share of national income it often appears to be to the detriment...

Research Brief pdf
– Income inequality in former British African colonies
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2015 - Helsinki, Finland

The presence of European colonial powers in Africa has left a long-lasting legacy that has severely impacted their development trajectories. But what are the lingering effects of colonization on economic performance, in particular with regard to inequality? While clear information on many...

Research Brief pdf
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2015 - Helsinki, Finland

The Egyptian food system has been affected by both global food markets and domestic factors. During the recent global food price crisis, an estimated 30–40 percent of the price fluctuations in the global food market were transmitted to Egypt’s food market. Domestically, government...

Research Brief pdf
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2015 - Helsinki, Finland

The recent food price crisis and the responses of the policy makers in developing countries provide an unprecedented opportunity to analyse the policy processes in these countries. Policy responses differed depending on the nature and magnitude of the roles of various actors, political...

Research Brief pdf
– IMF financing versus debt-restructuring
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2015 - Helsinki, Finland

​In the twentieth and early twenty-first centuries, debt crises have plagued low-, middle-, and high-income countries at various times. Indebted countries have generally addressed balance of payments crises either by (a) obtaining International Monetary Fund (IMF) emergency financing; or (b)...

Research Brief pdf
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2015 - Helsinki, Finland

Global food price hikes during 2007-08 resulted in a sharp rise in staple food prices in Bangladesh, which in turn led to a significant rise in the number of households falling below the poverty line. On the political front, Bangladesh was run by an unelected and undemocratic ‘civil’...

Research Brief pdf
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2015 - Helsinki, Finland

The global food crisis in 2007–08 raised concerns everywhere, including in China. However, despite China’s highly-integrated domestic and international markets for many agricultural commodities, the effect of the crisis in China was only moderate. The government’s responses and...

Displaying 32 of 142 results.