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Publications (31)

Working Paper pdf
Mohamed Ayadi, Wided Mattoussi - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

In this paper, we examine the pattern of spatial concentration of manufacturing industries observed in Tunisia and explore the factors driving firms’ choices of location at the provincial level. We consider specialization and competition indicators as the driving forces and also examine the...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from Vietnam
Emma Howard, Carol Newman, John Rand, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

In this paper we explore the extent to which firms experience productivity spillovers from clustering using a rich data source from Vietnam for 2002 to 2007, a period of significant transition. We address issues of simultaneity, self-selection and endogenous location choice of firms in an...

Working Paper pdf
– The Role of Ownership and Innovation in the Case of Vietnam
Carol Newman, John Rand, Finn Tarp, Thi Tue Anh Nguyen - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

In this paper, we investigate the relationship between exporting and productivity in the case of Vietnam using an extensive firm level panel dataset for the period 2005-11. We separate out productivity effects of exporting due to self-selection allowing us to identify the extent to which firms...

Working Paper pdf
– The Case of Mozambican Manufacturing
António Sousa Cruz, Carol Newman, John Rand, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

In this paper, we aim to analyse the learning by exporting hypothesis in the Mozambican context. Due to the presence of the born-global phenomenon among exporters, we address the endogeneity introduced by self-selection by combining a generalized BO approach with results from traditional matching...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from Cambodia
Sokty Chhair, Carol Newman - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

The potential benefits of the geographical clustering of economic activity have been well documented in the literature, yet there is little empirical evidence quantifying these effects in developing country contexts. This is surprising given the emphasis in industrial policy on productivity growth...

Working Paper pdf
António Sousa Cruz, Dina Guambe, Constantino Pedro Marrengula, Amosse Francisco Ubisse - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

After the Second World War, Mozambique went through a series of transformations, from an incipient industrializing colonial society to an independent country with a central planned economy, plus a regional and internal war, and finally from 1994 onwards, a multi-party democracy with a mix of...

Working Paper pdf
Marios Obwona, Isaac Shinyekwa, Julius Kiiza, Eria Hisali - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

The paper looks at the evolution of industry in Uganda examining drivers and constraints since the pre-colonial period in the 1940s to date. It is argued that the state played a central role in industrialization during the pre-colonial and immediate post-colonial period. The paper further looks at...

Working Paper pdf
– Lessons and Challenges
Louis N. Chete, John Olatunji Adeoti, Foluso M. Adeyinka, Olorunfemi O. Ogundele - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

The structure of the Nigerian economy is typical of an underdeveloped country. The primary sector, in particular, the oil and gas sector, dominates the gross domestic product accounting for over 95 per cent of export earnings and about 85 per cent of government revenue between 2011 and 2012. The...

Working Paper pdf
Sokty Chhair, Luyna Ung - UNU-WIDER, 2013 - Helsinki, Finland

The industrialization which started in 1953 had been completely disrupted by the chronic civil war and closed-door policy of successive communism/socialism regimes. Since 1993 Cambodia has embraced a market economy heavily dependent on foreign capital and foreign markets. As a result, the economy...

Working Paper pdf
– Evolution and Present Experimentation
Mulu Gebreeyesus - UNU-WIDER, 2013 - Helsinki, Finland

There has recently been a resurgence of interest in industrial policy. This paper examines the choices, implementation processes, and outcomes of the Ethiopian present industrial policy. The country represents an excellent case study of recent industrial policy experimentation in Africa as it is...

Working Paper pdf
– Firm-Level Evidence from Ethiopia
Eyerusalem Siba, Måns Söderbom, Arne Bigsten, Mulu Gebreeyesus - UNU-WIDER, 2012 - Helsinki, Finland

We use census panel data on Ethiopian manufacturing firms to analyze the connections between enterprise agglomeration, firm-level output prices and physical productivity. We find a negative and statistically significant relationship between the agglomeration of firms that produce a given product in...

Working Paper pdf
Emma Howard, Carol Newman, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2012 - Helsinki, Finland

Understanding industry agglomeration and its driving forces is critical for the formulation of industrial policy in developing countries. Crucial to this process is the definition and measurement of agglomeration. We propose a new measure and examine what it reveals about the importance of...

Working Paper pdf
Finn Tarp, Conor M. O’Toole - UNU-WIDER, 2012 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper considers the effect of corruption on the efficiency of capital investment. Using firm-level level data from the World Bank enterprise surveys, covering 90 developing and transition economies, we consider whether the cost of informal bribe payments distorts the efficient allocation of...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from Vietnam
Emma Howard, Carol Newman, Jacco J. J. Thijssen - UNU-WIDER, 2011 - Helsinki, Finland

We present a new approach for the empirical investigation of agglomeration patterns. We examine the clustering of manufacturing firms by identifying patterns of spatial network formation that deviate from randomly generated networks. Using firm-level panel data from Vietnam we calculate...

Working Paper pdf
Carol Newman, John Rand, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2011 - Helsinki, Finland

Firm turnover (i.e. firm entry and exit) is a well-recognized source of sector level productivity growth across developing and developed countries. In contrast, the role and importance of firms switching activities from one sector to another is little understood. Firm switchers are likely to be...

Displaying 31 of 31 results.
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