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Publications (2857)

Working Paper pdf
– High poverty and low trust
Eva-Maria Egger, Sam Jones, Patricia Justino, Ivan Manhique, Ricardo Santos - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The primary policy response to suppress the spread of COVID-19 in high-income countries has been to lock down large sections of the population. However, there is growing unease that blindly replicating these policies might inflict irreparable damage to poor households and foment social unrest in...

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Piotr Lewandowski, Albert Park, Simone Schotte - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Studies of the effects of technology and globalization on employment and inequality commonly assume that occupations are identical around the world in the job tasks they require. To relax this assumption, we develop a regression-based methodology to predict the country-specific routine task...

Working Paper pdf
Tony Addison, Kunal Sen, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The COVID-19 pandemic represents an unprecedented global crisis. The task for economic policy is to help keep people alive, enterprises afloat, and households out of poverty. The pandemic has macroeconomic dimensions. First, it affects macroeconomic stability and growth. Second, the tools of...

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– Are LDCs being left behind?
Giovanni Valensisi - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper provides a preliminary assessment of COVID-19’s impact on global poverty in the light of the IMF’s April 2020 growth forecasts. The analysis shows that the pandemic will have dramatic consequences, eroding many of the gains recorded over the last decade in terms of poverty...

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– Experimental evidence from Rwanda
Patricia Justino, Marinella Leone, Pierfrancesco Rolla, Monique Abimpaye, Caroline Dusabe, Diane Uwamahoro, Richard Germond - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper investigates the short- and medium-term impact of a randomized group-based early child development programme targeting parents of children aged six to 24 months in a poor, rural district of Rwanda. The programme engaged parents through sessions that included a radio show and...

Working Paper pdf
Dirk van Seventer, Finn Tarp, Khin Ohnmar Myint Thein, Soe Thie Nu Htwe, Nyaung Tai - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Based on a recently constructed 2017 Social Accounting Matrix, we examine structural aspects of the Myanmar economy. The exposition ranges from industry, trade, household income, and expenditure to labour market issues. Agriculture remains dominant, accounting for about 50 per cent of...

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Susan Namirembe Kavuma, Christine Byaruhanga, Nicholas Musoke, Patrick Loke, Michael Noble, Gemma Wright - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The distributional analysis of consumption taxes is useful for establishing the welfare impact of tax policy. This paper uses the UGAMOD microsimulation model to establish the tax incidence and welfare impact of excise duty in Uganda. The results reveal that households in the top deciles pay...

Working Paper pdf
Eva-Maria Egger, Vincenzo Salvucci, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Mozambique experienced important reduction in the poverty rate until recently, before two major natural disasters hit and the country started suffering from a hidden debt scandal with associated economic slowdown. As the last available national household expenditure survey is from 2014/15,...

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– Evidence from bunching at kink points of the South African income tax schedule
Neryvia Pillay Bell - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The author applies the bunching methodology to South African administrative tax data over the period from 2011 to 2017 to investigate the responsiveness of individual taxpayers to changes in marginal personal income tax rates. She finds significant evidence of bunching among the self-employed...

Working Paper pdf
Takwanisa Machemedze, Andrew Kerr, Rob Dorrington - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The existing sources of demographic data for South Africa have different strengths and limitations that make them inadequate for calibration of sample weights in post-apartheid South African household surveys. The official mid-year population estimates produced by Statistics South Africa do...

Working Paper pdf
Dirk van Seventer, Finn Tarp, Nyo Nyo San, Soe Thie Nu Htwe, Thandar - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper documents the compilation of a 2017 Social Accounting Matrix for Myanmar. This is based on partial and unpublished National Accounts data and unpublished Supply and Use Table data, as well as Balance of Payment data and Government Finance Statistics data. It provides a detailed...

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– An integrated approach
Petra Sauer, Narasimha D. Rao, Shonali Pachauri - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

In large parts of the world, income inequality has been rising in recent decades. Other regions have experienced declining trends in income inequality. This raises the question of which mechanisms underlie contrasting observed trends in income inequality around the globe. To address this...

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– The cases of Botswana, Kenya, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe
Richard Adu-Gyamfi, Simplice A. Asongu, Tinaye Sonto Mmusi, Herbert Wamalwa, Madei Mangori - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The objective of this research is to assess the extent to which export processing zones in Botswana, Kenya, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe integrate the Sustainable Development Goals in their implementation and operations. We focused on four Sustainable Development Goals—gender equality, decent...

Working Paper pdf
Joan Halstein - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper explores how Southern Africa can leverage its mineral resources to support growth and industrialization. It considers the aggregate and spatial effects of transport infrastructure improvements, and the relative benefits of financing these investments through resource sector concessions...

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Andrew Kerr - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The IRP5 and IT3(a) tax data from the South African Revenue Service have been made available to researchers through a joint project between the South African Revenue Service, the National Treasury, and UNU-WIDER. In this paper, I explain how to use these data to correctly identify labour...

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– Is success influenced by design attributes?
Cornelius Dube, Wellington Matsika, Gamuchirai Chiwunze - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Special economic zones (SEZs) in Africa are generally regarded as underperforming relative to their peers in the rest of the world. This study focuses on the design features of the SEZ in Africa that may help explain this underperformance. Literature was reviewed to identify the key design...

Displaying 32 of 2857 results.