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Publications (2691)

Working Paper pdf
– Policy relevant research possibilities using South African tax data
Amina Ebrahim, Kezia Lilenstein - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper has three primary objectives. First, it provides a broad overview of the available South African data used to examine gender in the labour market, with specific reference to the South African Revenue Services (SARS) tax data which has recently been made available. Second, the...

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– Looking back with data
Ciaran Driver - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper provides a retrospective assessment of the effects of trade policies on South African manufacturing since the transition to democracy, examining the differences and commonalities in the views of economists in favour of and against an acceleration of trade liberalization. Data from...

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Goodness C. Aye, Laurence Harris - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This study investigates the effect of real exchange rate volatility on the distribution of income between labour and capital in South Africa. Both symmetric and asymmetric effects are considered. Using quarterly data for 1985:1–2018:3 and local linear projection, we find that the immediate...

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– Evidence from South Africa
Amina Ebrahim, Jukka Pirttilä - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

The paper examines the incidence and employment impacts of the Employment Tax Incentive, a South African wage subsidy system that is targeted at the employers of low-wage youth. The paper uses a triple differences strategy and survey and administrative data, covering the universe of South...

Working Paper pdf
Amina Ebrahim, Chris Axelson - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

The availability of anonymized individual tax return data can contribute to a deeper understanding of the drivers behind the high levels of inequality and unemployment in South Africa. In the recent past, researchers have examined either payroll or personal income tax data. This paper explains...

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– Lessons to be learned from ASEAN
Sandy Lowitt - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

There is general agreement at present that the Southern African Development Community needs to re-imagine itself and breathe new life into its somewhat moribund structure. The European Union is often presented as the textbook example to be followed by other regional associations—a rules-...

Working Paper pdf
– Poverty dynamics and inequality in South Africa, 2008–2017
Rocco Zizzamia, Simone Schotte, Murray Leibbrandt - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Longitudinal surveys can give insight into economic mobility, which allows us to understand how markers of (dis)advantage are consequential in determining material conditions in the present, and how these markers structure economic opportunity over time. In this paper we show that this dynamic...

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– Race-disaggregated National Transfer Accounts for South Africa, 2015
Morné Oosthuizen - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Differences in the economic lifecycle between countries at different levels of development suggest that there may be differences between sub-populations within countries, particularly where the sub-populations have different levels of income. Given stark inequalities by race in...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from the Panic of 1907
David Escamilla-Guerrero, Moramay Lopez-Alonso - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Using height as a proxy for physical productivity of labour, this paper estimates the selection of Mexican migration to the United States at the beginning of the flow (1906–08), and it exploits a natural experiment of history to evaluate the impact of random shocks on short-run...

Working Paper pdf
Michael Chasukwa, Dan Banik - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Many practical and action-oriented international roadmaps to improve the quality of aid and its delivery and impact on development—including the Paris Declaration, Accra Agenda for Action, and Busan Partnership—emphasize a more active involvement of domestic institutions and...

Working Paper pdf
Dirk van Seventer, Finn Tarp, Nyo Nyo San, Khin Ohnmar Myint Thein - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper documents the compilation of a Pre-Prototype 2015 Social Accounting Matrix for Myanmar and provides an overview of key economic structural features of this emerging economy in a challenging process of transition. We built this Social Accounting Matrix using National Accounts and...

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Henrik Hansen, John Rand, Finn Tarp, Neda Trifković - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Using data from a new survey of small and medium-sized enterprises in Myanmar, we analyse enterprise demand for formal credit and the extent to which they are constrained in the formal credit market. We account for firms self-selecting out of the credit market in Myanmar. Our data...

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– A tax benefit microsimulation analysis based on MicroZAMOD
Remmy Kampamba, Luca Pellerano, Charles Banda, Obbie Musama - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper assesses the effects on poverty and inequality of the alternative targeting approaches that Zambia’s Social Cash Transfer programme could take as its expansion continues during the period of the country’s Seventh National Development Plan (2017–21). It further...

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– Equality of opportunity versus welfarism
Pertti Haaparanta, Ravi Kanbur, Tuuli Paukkeri, Jukka Pirttilä, Matti Tuomala - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

How does the public provision of education and the deployment of distortionary tax and subsidy instruments differ when the government’s objective is conventional welfarist compared to when the objective is the non-welfarist one of equality of opportunity? This paper develops a...

Working Paper pdf
Jacqueline Mosomi - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper investigates the evolution of the gender wage gap in South Africa, using the 1993–2015 Post-Apartheid Labour Market Series data set. The changes in the gap are heterogeneous across the wage distribution. There has been a substantial narrowing of the gap at the bottom of the...

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– An application of TAZMOD
Asiya Maskaeva, Zanda Bochkaeva, Joel Mmasa, Mgeni Msafiri, Eric Iramba - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper analyses the impacts of indirect tax policy reforms on income distribution and poverty in Tanzania by applying a standard static microsimulation model TAZMOD v1.8. The simulations model two indirect tax reforms involving changes to the excise duty and value-added tax rates on alcoholic...

Displaying 32 of 2691 results.