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Publications (2654)

Working Paper pdf
Murray Leibbrandt, Vima Ranchhod, Pippa Green - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

We synthesize the findings from several recent papers on South Africa’s very high income inequality. These papers use new datasets—including income tax data—and new empirical methods to investigate the drivers of household income and individual earnings inequality in South...

Working Paper pdf
– Data collection and the impact on income inequality
Qinghai Li, Shi Li, Haiyuan Wan - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

With the data on the top incomes collected from different sources, we combine the samples of the top incomes with a household survey to investigate changes in the income distribution with and without the top incomes. The Gini coefficient of income inequality using household survey data is 0....

Working Paper pdf
Abhiroop Mukhopadhyay, David Garcés Urzainqui - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Studies of the spatial dimensions of inequality in developing countries are mostly restricted to states, provinces, or districts, typically the smallest geographical units for which data are representative in national surveys. We introduce a procedure to calculate inequality between and within...

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– Using house prices to estimate inequality in Mumbai
Gerton Rongen - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper applies a novel inequality estimation method to household consumption expenditure in Mumbai, India. Since the richest households may be missing in survey data, this re-estimated inequality figure takes them into account by combining survey data with house price data. However,...

Working Paper pdf
Emanuele Colonnelli, Nicole Ntungire - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

As it transitions to an oil-producing country, Uganda’s investments in infrastructure and physical capital will increasingly depend on the ability of the construction sector to respond to surges in demand and transform investment effort into outcomes. Using administrative and survey data...

Working Paper pdf
– How much, when, and how will it be governed?
Sebastian Wolf, Vishal Aditya Potluri - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

We study Uganda’s journey to become a petroleum producer and provide estimates regarding the size and timing of the oil revenues to be expected. At an average US$38 per capita per year over a 33-year period, oil revenue by itself will not be transformational for the Ugandan economy, but it...

Working Paper pdf
– A framing paper
Mark Henstridge - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

A significant natural resource discovery creates excited popular expectations of imminent wealth. But the size of a boom is usually overestimated and the delay in receiving revenues is underestimated. This paper takes stock of the sequencing, timing, and scale of the development of a natural...

Working Paper pdf
– Country study—Tanzania
Mark Henstridge - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

There are large volumes of gas offshore Tanzania, which has raised hopes of a boom. But those hopes look set to be disappointed. A boom would depend on there being a sizeable flow of revenue to government from producing and exporting gas. This paper sets out the scale of the gas, and the...

Working Paper pdf
– Explaining the demise of a successful growth model and what to do about it
Joseph E. Stiglitz - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Success in development over the past half-century was based on manufacturing-led export growth. Because the share of global employment in manufacturing will decline, manufacturing won’t play the same role in the coming decades. An increase in manufacturing employment won’t suffice...

Working Paper pdf
– Poverty, vulnerability, and mobility, 1987–2012
Hai‐Anh H. Dang, Peter Lanjouw - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

We analyse the Indian National Sample Survey data spanning the period 1987/88–2011/12 to uncover patterns of transition into and out of different classes of consumption distribution. At the aggregate level, income growth has accelerated, accompanied by accelerating poverty decline....

Working Paper pdf
– Development, transition, and policy
Shi Li, Terry Sicular, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

In this paper we describe the major trends in China’s income inequality over the past 40 years and explain them as the outcome of four interleaved stories. The first story is a standard development story characterized by structural change, market development, labour absorption, and the...

Working Paper pdf
Gemma Wright, Helen Barnes, Michael Noble, David McLennan, Faith Masekesa - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

In this paper we explore the income data in two surveys that underpin a South African tax-benefit microsimulation model. The simulated taxes and benefits using each dataset are compared with each other and with administrative data for a common time point. We explore discrepancies between the...

Working Paper pdf
Caesar Cheelo, Robert Liebenthal - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

The construction sector plays a critical role in delivering quality infrastructure, which in turn influences the use of natural resource revenues towards achieving structural change and industrial development. We use industrial organization and political economy lenses to describe and...

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– Evidence from an experimental study
Cuong Nguyen, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Reducing gender inequality is a critically important development challenge, especially in countries with widespread and deep-rooted prejudices against women. In this study, we use a randomized control trial to examine whether facilitating Vietnamese men to reflect about gender equality can reduce...

Working Paper pdf
Andrew E. Clark, Conchita D'Ambrosio - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

We here use repeated cross-section data from the Afrobarometer, Asianbarometer Latinobarometer, and Eurobarometer to analyse the variables that are correlated with both current and future evaluations of standards of living. These are related not only to an individual’s own economic...

Working Paper pdf
– Learning from regular, high-quality panel data
Andy McKay, Saurabh Singhal, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

While many studies of welfare dynamics have been conducted using panel data sets with two or three waves, much richer insights can be obtained where more waves are available. This paper analyses this issue for the case of the Viet Nam Access to Resources Household Survey, a carefully collected...

Displaying 32 of 2654 results.