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Publications (3280)

Working Paper pdf
– Mediation effects of institutional quality on manufacturing sector exports and innovation in developing countries
Achinthya Koswatta - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Studies show that when exports go up, innovation goes up as well. But what is the mediating effect of domestic institutions in the association between exports and innovation? If any, which institutions are more likely to improve exports and innovation in developing countries, and how? To...

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– Exploring past policy trajectories and simulating future paths
Roosa Lambin, Milla Nyyssölä, Alexis Bernigaud - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Tanzania has expanded its social protection framework significantly over the past decade, but the country continues to grapple with important gender inequalities. This paper examines, first, the evolution and effects of Tanzania’s social protection policies since the 2000s, from the...

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– The role of evidence-based governance and structural violence
Camila Gianella - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Why does a state like Peru, dedicated to fulfilling development goals and sustained good macroeconomic performance, appear incapable of dealing with the COVID-19 pandemic? Using the case of maternal mortality, this paper argues that the tremendous impact of the pandemic is rooted in the adoption...

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– Estimating the impact of pandemic job loss on poverty in South Africa
Ihsaan Bassier, Joshua Budlender, Maya Goldman - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Up-to-date, nationally representative household income/expenditure data are crucial to estimating poverty during the COVID-19 pandemic and to policy-making more broadly, but South Africa lacks such data. We present new pandemic poverty estimates, simulating incomes in pre-pandemic household...

Working Paper pdf
Elizabeth Asiedu, Fafanyo Asiseh, Theresa Mannah-Blankson, Jones Arkoh Paintsil - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper employs data from 103 developing countries between 1981 and 2012 to examine the determinants of private savings in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), with a focus on the effect of financial liberalization on private savings. It also analyses why the savings rate for SSA countries is lower than...

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Ana de Ita - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper analyses the land tenure reform that took place in Mexico in 1992 and its PROCEDE programme (Ejido Rights Certification Programme). It considers the counter-agrarian reform’s objectives, the context in which it was proposed, and the different actors involved. It delves into...

Working Paper pdf
– Insights from Brazil’s social protection system
Natasha Borges Sugiyama - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Policy frames in Brazil have long run up against conflicting visions and understandings about the causes and consequences of group-based inequality. This paper argues that a class-based lens has dominated the social protection framework. In recent years, political leaders have framed social...

Working Paper pdf
Saila Stausholm, Petr Janský, Marek Šedivý - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Economic data are important in governing the international political economy. Some of the most widely used macro statistics risk being undermined by systematic misalignment in reporting of economic activity due to illicit financial flows, as well as tax-minimizing financial transactions by...

Working Paper pdf
Sévérin Tamwo, Ghislain Stéphane Gandjon Fankem, Dieudonné Taka - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

In this paper, we examine the determinants of the entrepreneurial behaviour of returnees to Cameroon based on original survey data from 2012. Contrary to the existing literature, we focus on the skills received from abroad without omitting the effect of savings. We distinguish between three...

Working Paper pdf
Kiruba Munusamy - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

The affirmative action policy in India came into practice because of the generations of struggle undergone by the untouchable castes and other backward classes, who were historically excluded from education and administration. As society changed, it was inevitable that the vulnerable groups who...

Working Paper pdf
– Insights from survey and tax administrative data in Zambia
Christopher Hoy, Laban Simbeye, Muhammad Abdullah Ali Malik, Aliisa Koivisto, Mashekwa Maboshe - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper examines how formal firms have been impacted by and recovered from the pandemic by drawing on two distinct but complementary data sources. This is the first attempt to use both survey and tax administrative data to measure the initial decline and subsequent recovery of firm sales and...

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– A feasibility study
Naphtal Hakizimana, John Karangwa, Jesse Lastunen, Aimable Nsabimana, Innocente Murasi, Lucie Niyigena, Michael Noble, Gemma Wright - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper assesses the feasibility of developing a tax and benefit microsimulation model in Rwanda. Tax-benefit microsimulation can be used to explore ways in which national development goals can be achieved in a cost-effective manner, and to assess the distributional effects of more...

Working Paper pdf
Kwabena Adu-Ababio - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper calculates automatic stabilization in Ghana, South Africa, and Ecuador to explain income cushioning amid income and demand shocks. Fiscal policies within these countries are also stress tested to gauge welfare contingencies and insurance. A discretionary action approach is adopted...

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– Labour coercion and trade preferences on the Sena Sugar Estates (1920–74)
Sam Jones, Peter Gibbon - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

The magnitude of returns to colonial-era investments in Africa has been addressed in an extensive literature, as have the nature and legacies of extractive colonial institutions. However, the link between these institutions and the profitability of firms remains unclear. We reconstruct the...

Working Paper pdf
– Experimental evidence from sub-Saharan Africa
Sam Jones, Kunal Sen - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Can digital labour market platforms reduce search frictions in either formal or informal labour markets? We study this question using a randomized experiment embedded in a tracer study of the work transitions of graduates from technical and vocational colleges in Mozambique. We implement an...

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– Evidence from India
Chandan Jain, Shagun Kashyap, Rahul Lahoti, Soham Sahoo - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Although formal education is often considered an indicator of political leaders’ quality, the evidence on the effectiveness of educated leaders is mixed. Besides, minimum education qualifications are increasingly being used as requirements for contesting elections, making it critical to...

Displaying 80 of 3280 results.