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Publications (114)

Working Paper pdf
– Measuring and improving quality
Maureen E. Canavan, Marie A. Brault, Dawit Tatek, Daniel Burssa, Ayele Teshome, Erika Linnander, Elizabeth H. Bradley - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Problem: Maternal and neonatal mortality remains high in low- and middle-income countries, with poor quality of intrapartum care as a barrier to further progress. Approach: We developed and tested a method of measuring the quality of maternal and neonatal care that could be embedded in a...

Working Paper pdf
– A tale of two periods
Bethlehem A. Argaw - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper provides an informative picture of the extent of regional inequality of economic outcomes and opportunities in the pre-and post-reform Ethiopia. We start by presenting evidence that regional inequality in educational attainment, formal employment, and access to safe water and...

Working Paper pdf
Julia Anna Matz, Linguère Mously Mbaye - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper investigates the impact of migration of male household heads on the autonomy of their spouses. Using panel household survey data from Ethiopia, the methodology mainly relies on an instrumental variables approach that addresses the endogeneity inherent in the relationship using past...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– The case of Ethiopian manufacturing
Eyerusalem Siba, Mulu Gebreeyesus - Journal of African Economies, 2017

Part of Journal Special Issue Learning to Compete

Working Paper pdf
– Implications for Ethiopia’s industrialization
Mulu Gebreeyesus - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Although the manufacturing sector is known to have a unique role in structural transformation, the industries without smokestacks that include tradable services (e.g., IT, tourism, transport), horticulture, and agro-industry can provide new opportunities for export development in low-income...

Book Chapter
– An agrarian economy in transition
Yared Seid, Alemayehu Seyoum Taffesse, Seid Nuru Ali - Brookings Institution Press, 2016 - Washington DC

From the book: Africa's Lions

Working Paper pdf
– The political drivers of Ethiopia’s PSNP
Tom Lavers - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, Finland

Ethiopia’s Productive Safety Net Programme is among the largest social protection programmes in Africa and has been promoted as a model for the continent. This paper analyses the political drivers of the programme, arguing that elite commitment can be understood in the context of shifts...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence on redistribution and poverty reduction in Ethiopia
Kalle Hirvonen, Giulia Mascagni, Keetie Roelen - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, Finland

The reduction of poverty, and more recently inequality, are pressing concerns in many low- and middle-income countries, not in the least as a result of the Sustainable Development Goals committing countries to significant improvements by 2030. Redistribution is important for reaching these goals...

Working Paper pdf
– Comparative evidence from Ethiopia, India, Peru, and Vietnam
Mohammed Arouri, Adel Ben-Youssef, Cuong Viet Nguyen - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, Finland

We investigate whether there are racial and ethnic disparities in children’s education in Ethiopia, India, Peru, and Vietnam. We find that in all the four countries, and especially in Vietnam, children from small ethnic groups have lower education attainment and cognitive ability. The gap...

Book Chapter
– Welfare Improvements in a Changing Economic Landscape
David Stifel, Tassew Woldehanna - Oxford University Press, 2016 - Oxford, United Kingdom
Working Paper pdf
Bethlehem A. Argaw - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, Finland

Prior to the introduction of mother tongue-based education in 1994, the language of instruction for most subjects in Ethiopia’s primary schools was the official language (Amharic)—the mother tongue of only one third of the population. This paper uses the variation in individual’...

Working Paper pdf
Yared Seid, Alemayehu Seyoum Taffesse, Seid Nuru Ali - UNU-WIDER, 2015 - Helsinki, Finland

Ethiopia has experienced rapid economic growth since 2005. Real gross domestic product (GDP) grew at an average rate of 10.5 per cent per annum for the period between 2004–05 and 2013–14. Public investment in key infrastructure and interventions in the agriculture sector have made...

Working Paper pdf
David Stifel, Tassew Woldehanna - UNU-WIDER, 2015 - Helsinki, Finland

We adapt the standardized Poverty Line Estimation Analytical Software (PLEASe) computer code stream based on Arndt and Simler’s (2010) utility-consistent approach to analyse poverty in Ethiopia in 2000, 2005, and 2011. Several data-related issues create challenges to estimating the spatial...

Working Paper pdf
– Measuring real inequality using survey data from developing countries
Ulrik Beck - UNU-WIDER, 2015 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper investigates how two effects drive wedges between nominal and real inequality estimates. The effects are caused by (i) differences in the composition of consumption over the income distribution coupled with differential inflation of consumption items; and (ii) quantity discounting...

Working Paper pdf
– A feasibility study
Andualem T. Mengistu, Kiflu G. Molla, Firew B. Woldeyes - UNU-WIDER, 2015 - Helsinki, Finland

The purpose of this study is to assess the feasibility of building a microsimulation model of the Ethiopian tax and benefits system. We first provide a detailed description of the tax and benefits system of the country. This includes qualifying criteria, tax brackets, and exemptions. We then...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Wassie Berhanu, Fekadu Beyene - Sustainability, 2015 - Basel, Switzerland
Displaying 32 of 114 results.