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Publications (24)

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Carolyn Jenkins, Lynne Thomas - UNU-WIDER, 2000 - Helsinki, Finland

The dispersion of racial incomes in South Africa has been declining since the mid 1970s. This has been accompanied by rising within-group inequality, especially amongst blacks, driven by growing unemployment. Consequently, there has been little improvement in aggregate indicators of inequality. In...

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Anthony Barnes Atkinson - UNU-WIDER, 2000 - Helsinki, Finland

The recent rise in inequality in the distribution of disposable income in many, although not all, countries has led to a search for explanations, particularly since for much of the postwar period falling inequality has been the norm. In OECD countries, the cause has typically been identified as...

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Michael R. Carter - UNU-WIDER, 2000 - Helsinki, Finland

While unequal land ownership has a role to play in explaining historically high levels of income inequality, this paper asks what role agrarian structure plays in explaining contemporary trends of increasing income inequality. Using a Gini decomposition framework to structure the analysis and...

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Robert Eastwood, Michael Lipton - UNU-WIDER, 2000 - Helsinki, Finland

For developing and transitional countries we explore trends in rural-urban, intrarural and intraurban inequality of income, poverty risk, health and education. In particular, we ask whether behind generally rising inequality post-1980 lie offsetting inter and intrasectoral trends, with narrowing...

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Juha Honkkila - UNU-WIDER, 1999 - Helsinki, Finland

Income inequality has risen in many parts of the world during the past decades. Rising inequality is no longer a problem of only Latin American and Sub-Saharan African countries. Some OECD countries, and recently also East Asian countries, have experienced widening income differentials. In the...

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– A Cross-Country Analysis
Daniele Checchi - UNU-WIDER, 1999 - Helsinki, Finland

In the current debate on the relationship between inequality in income distribution and growth one of the possible link works through the access to education. After reviewing this debate, a formal model shows how the imperfection of financial markets makes educational choices dependent on the...

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Giovanni Andrea Cornia - UNU-WIDER, 1999 - Helsinki, Finland

Well before the introduction of adjustment-related Social Funds (SFs), many developing countries had developed a variety of safety nets comprising food subsidies, nutrition interventions, employment-based schemes and targeted transfers. Middle-income and a few low-income countries had also achieved...

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Giovanni Andrea Cornia - UNU-WIDER, 1999 - Helsinki, Finland

Recent mainstream analyses of changes in income distribution over the post World War II period have concluded that income inequality within countries tends to be stable, that there is no strong association between growth and inequality and that, therefore, poverty is best reduced through growth...

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