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Publications (53)

Research Brief pdf
– Ways to Attain MDG4 and MDG5
UNU -WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2013 - Helsinki, Finland

Progress towards the achievement of MDG4 and MDG5 has been impressive with both maternal and child mortality being reduced by over 40 per cent since 1990. However, achieving the goal of a reduction of two-thirds by 2015 will not be easy. The Paris Declaration principles of...

Research Brief pdf
– Crucial for the Spread of Social Protection Programmes
UNU -WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2013 - Helsinki, Finland

Evaluations of social protection programmes have been much more comprehensive in Latin America than in sub-Saharan Africa. Monitoring and evaluation protocols are crucial to facilitate improvements in government effectiveness. Anti-poverty transfer schemes seem to be...

Research Brief pdf
UNU -WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2013 - Helsinki, Finland

An increase of education aid by one per cent increases the rate of primary education enrolment by 0.06 percentage points. The most robust effect on primary enrolment is obtained by aid to the category ‘education facilities and training’. High levels of...

Research Brief pdf
UNU -WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2013 - Helsinki, Finland

Most studies show that education aid has a modest but positive effect on enrolment levels. Less is known about the effect of aid on the quality of education. The effectiveness of education aid is to a large degree dependent on the stability of the institutions in the...

Working Paper pdf
– Assessing Aid for Water and Sanitation
Prathivadi Bhayankaram Anand - UNU-WIDER, 2013 - Helsinki, Finland

Water and sanitation sectors have been the ‘natural’ subjects of aid for several decades. However, these sectors also were among those most affected by changes in aid approaches and tools. The aim of this paper is to capture some of the complexity in assessing impact and effectiveness...

Working Paper pdf
– Drivers, Lessons and Shifts in the Engagement of the Brazilian Ministry of Social Development
Iara Leite, Bianca Suyama, Melissa Pomeroy - UNU-WIDER, 2013 - Helsinki, Finland

The Brazilian Ministry of Social Development’s co-operation with sub-Saharan Africa has shifted from an initial engagement in cash transfers to a recent engagement in food and nutritional security. This paper aims at understanding the main drivers for such shift considering lessons drawn from...

Working Paper pdf
– an Analysis of Aid Effectiveness for Primary Education Coverage and Quality
Kassandra Birchler, Katharina Michaelowa - UNU-WIDER, 2013 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper examines the effect of education aid on primary enrollment and education quality. Using the most recent data on aid disbursements and econometric specifications inspired by the general aid effectiveness literature, we find some evidence that donors’ increase in funding has...

Working Paper pdf
– Why Does Aid Not Address Poverty (Much)?
Andrew Shepherd, Sylvia Bishop - UNU-WIDER, 2013 - Helsinki, Finland

Aid is not generally aimed at the poorest people, though most multilateral or bilateral agencies would like to think they get included. However, donors’ strategies are generally blind to differentiation among the poor, and have not improved in this respect. The special provisions for the...

Working Paper pdf
Stephen P. Heyneman, Bommi Lee - UNU-WIDER, 2013 - Helsinki, Finland

Education began to be included as a component of foreign assistance in the early 1960s as it is a principal ingredient of development. A number of multilateral and bilateral agencies were established around this time to implement various types of aid programmes; however, their effectiveness is...

Working Paper pdf
– Better Policies? Better Politics?
Armando Barrientos, Juan M. Villa - UNU-WIDER, 2013 - Helsinki, Finland

The paper provides a comparative analysis of the incidence of evaluation methods in antipoverty transfer programmes in Latin America and sub-Saharan Africa. The paper identifies two broad explanations for the incidence of evaluation in antipoverty transfer programmes in developing countries, one...

Working Paper pdf
Winnie V. Mitullah - UNU-WIDER, 2012 - Helsinki, Finland

In many African countries, decentralization has long been viewed as a means for improving local service delivery. Yet, despite various decentralization initiatives, poor service delivery continues to be problematic in two of Kenya’s largest cities, Nairobi and Mombasa. Despite various...

Research Brief pdf
UNU -WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2012 - Helsinki, Finland

Aid has had positive effect on growth and poverty reduction on average in the long term. There is no evidence of aid systematically increasing infl ation or reducing the amount of credit available to private industry. In general aid that is channeled to human capital...

Research Brief
– What We Know and What We Need to Know
UNU -WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2012 - Helsinki, Finland

Women carry their ration of food. © UN Photo/Tim Mc Kulka In the 1960s food aid made up nearly 20 per cent of overall overseas development aid, today that figure is five per cent. Increasingly food aid is provided as emergency relief rather than as a form of long term support and...

Working Paper pdf
– What Can Be Learned?
Abby Rubin Riddell - UNU-WIDER, 2012 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper reviews what has been learned over many decades of foreign aid to education. It discusses what works and what does not and in this discussion draws attention to the fact that even a simple assessment requires more than providing a uniform check-list of inputs. It shows the positive...

Working Paper pdf
Arnab Acharya, Melisa Martínez-Álvarez - UNU-WIDER, 2012 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper explores the current evidence underlying the debate on aid effectiveness, with a specific focus on the health sector. It summarizes the history of aid and outlines the methodological challenges encountered when assessing its effectiveness. The current evidence on ‘what works...

Research Brief
UNU -WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2012 - Helsinki, Finland

If food aid is to be more effective donors need to consider both the goals of the aid, and its economic implications. In May 2012, shortly before the annual G8 summit, the Obama administration announced the ‘New Alliance for Food Security’. The project enlists 45 private companies...

Displaying 48 of 53 results.