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Publications (115)

Working Paper pdf
Jeremy Seekings - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

The ‘affordability’ of new or expanded social protection programmes depends on more than an assessment of the fiscal costs or the poverty-reducing or developmental benefits. Diverse international organizations have shown that programmes costing less than or about 1 per cent of GDP...

Working Paper pdf
Bruno Merven, Channing Arndt, Harald Winkler - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper presents some methodological improvements made to the linked SATIM–eSAGE energy-economy-environment modelling framework for analysing energy and climate policy in South Africa. The improvements include the linking of the households and the other economic sectors of the eSAGE...

Working Paper pdf
Tara Caetano, Bruno Merven - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Developed as well as developing countries will have to increase their ambition relative to their stated Nationally Determined Contributions to limit global temperature increases to 2°C above pre-industrial levels. South Africa’s Nationally Determined Contribution, in line with national...

Working Paper pdf
Pieter Van der Zwan, Danie Schutte, Waldo Kruggel, Joel Seshabela, Hayley Reynolds, Londiwe Khoza - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper aims to describe funding structures of companies liable for tax in South Africa and how this relates to other characteristics, including ownership, of the companies. The research that the paper reports on was performed as descriptive analyses. While no clear indication of a...

Working Paper pdf
– Implications on suppliers in Botswana and South Africa
Reena das Nair, Shingie Chisoro - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper explores the effect of the spread of supermarkets on the participation of suppliers in supermarket value chains in Botswana and South Africa. Using secondary data and in-depth interviews with key players in the value chain, the paper evaluates the buyer power of supermarkets evidenced...

Working Paper pdf
Haroon Bhorat, Morné Oosthuizen, Kezia Lilenstein, François Steenkamp - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Labour market analysis in the South African context provides a relatively robust understanding of the individual characteristics that influence wage differentials across workers (i.e. supply-side characteristics), but provides relatively little insight into the firm-level characteristics...

Working Paper pdf
Marianne Matthee, Neil Rankin, Carli Bezuidenhout - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper contributes to the understanding of the linkages between exporting, labour demand, and wages in South Africa. We disentangle labour market differences between exporters and non-exporters and find that exporters employ more people and pay higher wages. Given these higher wages we...

Working Paper pdf
Amina Ebrahim, Murray Leibbrandt, Vima Ranchhod - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

South Africa’s Employment Tax Incentive, launched in 2014, aimed to address low youth employment by reducing the cost of hiring young workers. We make use of anonymized tax administrative data from the 2012–2015 tax years to examine the effect of the Incentive on youth employment....

Working Paper pdf
– The case of the animal feed to poultry value chain
Phumzile Ncube, Simon Roberts, Tatenda Zengeni, Paul C. Samboko - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper considers findings of studies analysing the development of a regional animal feed to poultry value chain in southern Africa (Botswana, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe). The southern African regional poultry value chain is underdeveloped, although important changes include investments...

Working Paper pdf
– A comparison of findings from South Africa, Botswana, Zambia, and Zimbabwe
Reena das Nair, Shingie Chisoro - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, Finland

Since the early 2000s, there has been rapid growth in the number and spread of supermarkets in southern Africa. This paper is a synthesis of key findings of studies undertaken in Botswana, South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe on the expansion of supermarkets and the impact this has had on suppliers...

Working Paper pdf
– An overview
Haroon Bhorat, François Steenkamp, Christopher Rooney, Nomsa Kachingwe, Adrienne Lees - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki

The South African services sector is large and growing. This coupled with declining employment shares in manufacturing and mining (i.e. deindustrialization) suggests that South Africa is a de facto service-orientated economy. Employment patterns in services reveal a segmentation that is...

Research Brief pdf
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, Finland

Transport and logistical efficiencies are critical factors in the competitiveness of regional value producers. The relatively high cost of regional transport in Southern Africa has impacted suppliers’ cost-competitiveness. Reducing the cost of bringing products into main markets is one way...

Research Brief pdf
– The importance of mitigating emissions
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, Finland

More intense climate changes are expected in South Africa if GHG emissions are not constrained. Increased GHG emissions are likely to result in increases in average annual surface temperatures and higher evaporation rates. Average precipitation levels across South Africa are...

Research Brief pdf
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, Finland

The demand for irrigation is likely to increase in South Africa as a result of increased temperatures and evaporation rates. Rain-fed agricultural crops are likely to experience a decline in average annual yields. This is particularly the case for maize and wheat, which are staple foods...

Research Brief pdf
– The animal-feed-to-poultry value chain
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, Finland

15-20% of local demand for poultry in South Africa is met by imports Evidence from Zambia suggests that capital investments in the value chain can increase local production Increased demand due to growing urban populations poses critical challenges for local industrialization in...

Research Brief pdf
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, Finland

Climate change risks for run-off and irrigation demand vary significantly across South Africa, with some regions expected to experience increased drying and others flooding Smaller impacts on water resources by 2050 are expected if global emissions are mitigated Even under strong...

Displaying 32 of 115 results.