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Export Productivity and Specialization in China, Brazil, India and South Africa

This paper analyses the patterns of export productivity and trade specialization profiles in the China, Brazil, India and South Africa, and in other regional groupings. In doing so, the investigation calculates a time varying export productivity measure using highly disaggregated product categories. The findings indicate that export productivity is mainly determined by real income and human capital endowments. Importantly, the study reveals significant differences in the export productivity and specialization patterns of countries with comparable per capita income levels. For instance, China’s export productivity and implied export sophistication is in line with that of countries with higher per capita incomes, including some OECD industrial economies.
Publisher:
UNU-WIDER
Series:
WIDER Research Paper
Volume:
2008/28
Title:
Export Productivity and Specialization in China, Brazil, India and South Africa
Authors:
Amelia U. Santos-Paulino
Publication date:
March 2008
ISSN Web:
1810-2611
ISBN 13 Web:
9789292300746
Copyright holder:
© UNU-WIDER
Copyright year:
2008
Keywords:
export productivity, trade specialization, comparative advantage
JEL:
C23, F1, O5, O40
Project:
Southern Engines of Global Growth
Sponsor:
The governments of Denmark (Royal Ministry of Foreign Affairs), Finland (Ministry for Foreign Affairs), Norway (Royal Ministry of Foreign Affairs), Sweden (Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency — Sida) and the United Kingdom (Department for International Development).
Format:
online
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