15 UNU-WIDER articles, publications, projects, experts...

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Affirmative action
Working Paper
The impact of affirmative action in India and the United States: A systematic literature review

This paper provides a systematic review of quantitative literature investigating the success of affirmative action policies in addressing socio-economic inequalities between ethnic groups in education and employment...

Affirmative action Systematic review Inequalities
Working Paper
Does affirmative action address ethnic inequality?: A systematic review of the literature

Despite the good intentions behind affirmative action policies to mediate ‘horizontal inequalities’ between ethnic groups, the evidence on their effectiveness remains open to debate...

Affirmative action Systematic review Horizontal inequality
Panel discussion
Addressing group-based inequalities presents at the APSA 2022 annual meeting

On 17 September 2022 UNU-WIDER is organising a panel at the 2022 American Political Science Association’s (APSA) Annual Meeting & Exhibition on the topic of Addressing ethnic inequality: Experiences of reform. The panel, chaired by UNU-...

6 September 2022
Palais de congrés de Montréal , Montreal, Canada
Past event
Working Paper
The politics of affirmative action: ethnicity, equity, and state-business relations in Malaysia

Malaysia provides for interesting paradoxes. Poverty was reduced by adopting a horizontal perspective to policy planning through affirmative action targeting one ethnic group lagging economically in society...

Politics Enterprises Affirmative action
Working Paper
Standardization and ethnocracy in Sri Lanka

Standardization was the scheme that replaced meritocracy in Sri Lanka education, with positive discrimination to increase the majority Sinhalese community’s university enrolment...

Education Standardization Quotas
Working Paper
The legal basis for affirmative action in India

The affirmative action policy in India came into practice because of the generations of struggle undergone by the untouchable castes and other backward classes, who were historically excluded from education and administration...

Affirmative action Reservation India
Working Paper
Affirmative action: meaning, intentions, and impacts in the big picture

This paper provides a broad overview of the meaning of affirmative action and its intended and unintended impacts...

Affirmative action Horizontal inequality Literature survey
Working Paper
Affirmative action with no major switching: Evidence from a top university in Brazil

Affirmative action in higher education may lead to mismatch, a situation where students benefiting from preferential admission struggle with their college-level work because of poor pre-college academic preparation...

Affirmative action Higher education Brazil
Working Paper
Do disadvantaged students benefit from attending classes with more skilled colleagues?: Evidence from a top university in Brazil

Peers play an essential role in cognitive and non-cognitive skills formation. Ordinal rank may also change incentives and environment, impacting students’ efforts...

Affirmative action Peer effect Ranking effect
Working Paper
The effect of class assignment on academic performance and the labour market: Evidence from a public federal university in Brazil

Can students’ rank in the ability distribution of their class impact their academic achievement?...

Affirmative action Brazil Education
Journal Article
Can Business Rights Alleviate Group-Based Inequality in Sub-Saharan Africa?: Understanding the Limits to Reform

Part of Journal Special Issue Legal Empowerment and Group-Based Inequality

Group-based inequality Minorities Business
Affirmative action policies and South Africa’s racial wage gap

Racial wage inequality and discrimination have pervaded South African society for centuries. Apartheid legislation cemented these disparities by institutionalizing white job reservation and many other unfair practices...

Affirmative action Discrimination Apartheid
Working Paper
Business rights and ethnic exclusion in sub-Saharan Africa: Addressing group-based inequality through business rights reform

The business rights pillar of the Legal Empowerment of the Poor agenda is not preoccupied with equality of outcome; it concentrates instead on equality of opportunity...

Legal empowerment Entrepreneurship Affirmative action
Discrimination and affirmative action - what have we learnt so far?

Theme: Inclusion

Discrimination Class Inequality
Disadvantaged groups and social mobility

Theme: Inclusion

This project has three main objectives in line with UNU-WIDER’s tradition in the area of inclusion and horizontal inequality: (1) to shed further light on the extent to which inequalities run along ethnic, gender, and other communal lines; (2...

Disadvantaged groups Social mobility Group-based inequality
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