WIDERAngle

Expert commentary from our network

Tackling gender inequality from all directions

Improving the position of women continues to be an important concern in development. As we strive to make better living standards possible for people of all walks of life, we need to identify and meaningfully address problems faced by individuals and groups.  The unfortunate truth is that women around the world encounter inequalities in their everyday lives, in many shapes and forms. The unfortunate truth is that women around the world encounter inequalities in their everyday...

A brief history of the role of energy in the global economy

by Paul Stevens
Ever since the British Industrial Revolution, energy has been a key factor of production. Recent history has proved no exception. The pattern of primary commercial energy consumption since 1965 is presented in Figure 1. What is also clear is that, since the start of this century, energy consumption in non-OECD countries has grown strongly, while in OECD countries it peaked in 2004. This is because of the lagged relationship between prices and energy consumption following the oil shocks...

Missing School Years for Girls

by Prakarsh Singh
Girls in India face many challenges. From the moment they are conceived, they are less likely to be born as compared to boys. This presence of “missing girls” appears to be linked to access to ultrasound technology. Moreover, girls also get breastfed for a shorter duration and get fewer childcare investments. Growing up, they are less likely to be educated than boys.  Classroom, India. Photo: Barry Pousman These distortionary effects could be even greater during a...

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Employing young people in South Africa: What role has the Employment Tax Incentive played?
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South Africa has some of the highest rates of joblessness in the world and youth unemployment is particularly severe. Roughly two in five young South Africans who want work cannot find it, according to labour force surveys...

youth unemployment tax incentive South Africa
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WDR 2017 does not disappoint: Four implications for work in development

As a political scientist specializing in the comparative politics of development, including particular attention to issues of governance and democracy, I have followed this year’s World Development Report with special interest...

World Development Report Good governance Group-based inequality
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Four graphs you need to see on International Women's Day

International women's day presents a good opportunity to consider how far we've come towards achieving gender equality, and to recognize how far we still have to go...

Blog
Tackling gender inequality from all directions

Improving the position of women continues to be an important concern in development...

Gender equality Development aid Interventions
Blog
Missing School Years for Girls: The Case of the Assam Insurgency
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Girls in India face many challenges. From the moment they are conceived, they are less likely to be born as compared to boys. This presence of “missing girls” appears to be linked to access to ultrasound technology ...

Education Conflict
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A two-way street: Regional integration in southern Africa through supermarkets

Walk into any supermarket and you will find a mix of products to stock the kitchen. It’s easy to assume that many of the goods on offer are sourced locally and from nearby countries...

Regional growth Africa Supermarkets
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How big supermarket chains in southern Africa keep out small suppliers
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A shopper prepares to pay at an informal shop in Soweto, South Africa. Smaller retailers are struggling to grow. Supermarkets are a key route to market for many suppliers of food and household consumable products...

Supermarkets Growth Economic development
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Leading economists agree: closing borders is not the answer to inequality
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Building a great big wall will not close the gap. Jorge Duenes/Reuters US President Donald Trump wants to build a wall along the US-Mexican border. Britain wants to retreat into its shell to become an isolated island state ...

Inequality immigration Refugees
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A brief history of the role of energy in the global economy: The last 25 years
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Ever since the British Industrial Revolution, energy has been a key factor of production. Recent history has proved no exception. The pattern of primary commercial energy consumption since 1965 is presented in Figure 1...

Blog
Made in Africa – the future of production on the continent

The international community has a new set of development goals. They reflect Africa’s aspirations much more closely than the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) they replaced...

Production Manufacturing Industrial development
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Prospects for a Tanzanian transformation

Researchers, policy makers, and representatives of international institutions recently gathered in Dar es Salaam to discuss prospects for a transformation of Tanzania’s economy...

Transformation Growth Informal sector (Economics)
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How did South Sudan get stuck in a fragility trap?

In my last blog I wrote about the common factors at play in political and economic transitions. Using the case of South Sudan, I demonstrated how these factors laid the groundwork for a fragility trap. In this post, I explain what this means...

Conflict Fragile states
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Common factors in conflict-induced state fragility

What does it mean to be a fragile state?...

Conflict Fragile states
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Why migrants need to be factored into responses to unexpected crises

No country is immune from unexpected crises, such as sudden breakouts of violence, war, or natural disasters...

Migration Humanitarian assistance
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Achieving gender equality in India: what works, and what doesn’t

Discrimination against women and girls is a pervasive and long-running phenomenon that characterises Indian society at every level...

Women
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Some good news from Mozambique: poverty levels have been reduced

There has been a serious deficit of good news in Mozambique for quite some time...

Equality and inequality Poverty
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