WIDERAngle

Expert commentary from our network

Global inequality may be falling, but the gap between haves and have-nots is growing

In one of the most unequal countries in the world, South Africa, the poorest 40% have annual incomes of less than US$1,000 (£727) per person. The comparable incomes for the richest 10% are more than US$39,000 per person – nearly 40 times higher than those of the bottom 40%. Those numbers, which are based on data from 2017, are actually something of an improvement on 2008, when the multiple was 50 times. But the gap in income between these groups grew by more than US$10,000 per...

Afghanistan 2021: A quickly made long tragedy

The tragedy for the Afghan people of the Taliban re-taking control of the country in August 2021 is the denouement of a process 20 years in the making. The sudden collapse of the Afghan government and the national security forces over the course of a few days is not a “surprise” to anyone, but was a widely expected outcome by many observers (including the CIA). There are many many political and humanitarian aspects of the present crisis, but I want to just present my...

Unlocking the mystery of domestic savings

The socioeconomic fallout from the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has brought to the fore discussions on domestic resource mobilization (hereafter DRM). Raising domestic taxes has monopolized policy attention, however, given the attendant and ensuing needs in developing countries, raising savings rates is equally important. Domestic savings provide the necessary investible resources needed for long-run and sustained economic growth. Investments and savings go hand-in-hand Research has found...

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Global inequality may be falling, but the gap between haves and have-nots is growing

In one of the most unequal countries in the world, South Africa, the poorest 40% have annual incomes of less than US$1,000 (£727) per person...

Policy Brief
Regional integration and Tanzania’s export performance September 2021

Tanzania is, together with Kenya and Uganda, one of the founding members states of the East African Community (EAC), a regional intergovernmental organization which nowadays consists of six partner states in the region...

East African Community Customs union Single Customs Territory
Blog
Afghanistan 2021: A quickly made long tragedy

The tragedy for the Afghan people of the Taliban re-taking control of the country in August 2021 is the denouement of a process 20 years in the making...

Problem Driven Iterative Adaption State capacity
Blog
Unlocking the mystery of domestic savings: What difference do they make?

The socioeconomic fallout from the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has brought to the fore discussions on domestic resource mobilization (hereafter DRM)...

Domestic revenue mobilization Domestic savings Investments
Blog
Co-creation for fair and efficient taxation: Research recommendations to improve policies

How can we determine the taxation of wage earners or multinational corporations in a fair manner? Will simplifying tax administration help increase tax compliance in a low-income country context?...

Taxation Administrative data Domestic revenue mobilization
Blog
Social protection at a crossroad

How can we ensure a resilient and inclusive recovery from COVID-19? How can we hold on to the target of eradicating poverty and hunger by 2030, with the pandemic still ongoing?...

COVID-19 Social assistance Social protection
Blog
Helping the poor to survive lockdown

The Hrishipara Daily Diaries Project has been tracking the daily spending of 60 poor households in rural Bangladesh for the last six years...

COVID-19 Lockdown Livelihoods
Blog
India’s manufacturing and services value-chains are shifting South: A curse or a blessing?
Placeholder

Much has been written on India as an outlier in Global Value Chains (GVC)...

Structural transformation Manufacturing Global value chains
Blog
Grandads, dads, and sons: Examining multigenerational mobility in India

While studies have examined the association in socioeconomic status between parent and offspring, there has been relatively little research on multigenerational mobility, especially in the developing country context...

Social mobility Inequality Education
Blog
Stunted growth, orphans, and access to sanitation services in South Africa

Stunted growth in early life has serious implications for cognitive development and is a well-established constraint to individual productivity and life expectancy...

Child wellbeing Child nutrition South Africa
Blog
A summer reading list of our latest papers, articles, and books

At the UNU-WIDER offices here in Helsinki, Finland, the summer holidays are almost upon us. Looking at the list of new UNU-WIDER publications, it is easy to see how much we accomplished this past year, despite the many constraints faced...

Inequality Gender equality Gender inequality
Research Brief
Será o Ensino Técnico-Profissional (ETP) uma solução para o desemprego jovem?: Dinâmica da transição ensino-emprego dos finalistas do ETP em Moçambique June 2021

O Ensino Técnico-Profissional (ETP) é frequentemente visto como uma solução milagrosa que resolve questões que vão desde o desemprego juvenil até à mudança estrutural relacionada com o me...

Mozambique Education policy Employment
Research Brief
Is technical and vocational education and training a solution for youth unemployment?: The dynamics of school-to-work transition of TVET graduates in Mozambique June 2021

Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) is often seen as a silver bullet resolving issues ranging from youth unemployment to labour market-related structural change...

Mozambique Education policy Employment
Blog
Long-term research in Tanzania sheds light on the reasons rural households diversify their income

Researchers and policymakers have long asked whether rural households in Africa diversify their income to spread risk or by seizing opportunities to increase their earning potential...

Blog
Why countries best placed to handle the pandemic appear to have fared the worst

During the first year of the pandemic, it was wealthier countries, with their comparatively stronger health systems, civil services, legal systems and other public services, that suffered the highest rates of COVID-19...

COVID-19 Pandemic State
Policy Brief
The economic gains of reducing the employment gender gap in Morocco June 2021

Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries, including Morocco, currently record the lowest rates of female labour force participation (FLFP) in the world...

Female labour force participation Gender gap Employment
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