WIDERAngle

Expert commentary from our network

Tackling gender inequality from all directions

Improving the position of women continues to be an important concern in development. As we strive to make better living standards possible for people of all walks of life, we need to identify and meaningfully address problems faced by individuals and groups.  The unfortunate truth is that women around the world encounter inequalities in their everyday lives, in many shapes and forms. The unfortunate truth is that women around the world encounter inequalities in their everyday...

A brief history of the role of energy in the global economy

by Paul Stevens
Ever since the British Industrial Revolution, energy has been a key factor of production. Recent history has proved no exception. The pattern of primary commercial energy consumption since 1965 is presented in Figure 1. What is also clear is that, since the start of this century, energy consumption in non-OECD countries has grown strongly, while in OECD countries it peaked in 2004. This is because of the lagged relationship between prices and energy consumption following the oil shocks...

Missing school years for girls

by Prakarsh Singh
Girls in India face many challenges. From the moment they are conceived, they are less likely to be born as compared to boys. This presence of “missing girls” appears to be linked to access to ultrasound technology. Moreover, girls also get breastfed for a shorter duration and get fewer childcare investments. Growing up, they are less likely to be educated than boys.  Classroom, India. Photo: Barry Pousman These distortionary effects could be even greater during a...

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Research Brief
The implications of climate change for the extractive industries

Climate change is one of the most complex and urgent of global issues due to its potential impacts and the policies and measures needed to address those impacts...

Climate change extractives industry Natural resources
Research Brief
Oil in Ghana: How inflated expectations of oil revenues led to a deterioration in macroeconomic management

Prior to the discovery of oil, Ghana was one of the stars of the ‘Africa rising’ story, with an established track record of macroeconomic stability and fiscal discipline...

Oil Ghana extractives industry
Blog
Microsimulation models for developing countries: An interview with Jukka Pirttilä
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The University of Tampere is participating in an international project in which a microsimulation model is being drafted for the evaluation of the price effects of taxation and the transfer of income in developing countries...

Tax microsimulation Public finance
Blog
Opening the vault: Data, research, and improved policymaking in South Africa

Policymakers often work in the dark, as they try to make real impact on people’s lives. If you don’t have good data, being worked on by good researchers, it can be hard to know whether efforts are truly making a difference...

Tax data firms
Blog
Feeding southern Africa?: Growing the animal-feed-to-poultry regional value chain

In 2016 the South African poultry sector faced intense pressure from two sides in the form of much higher input costs and increased imports of low-priced chicken from the European Union and the USA...

Regional value chains Competitiveness
Blog
Estimating tax avoidance: New findings, new questions
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There are now a range of estimates of the global scale of tax avoidance. These include: the $600 billion annual tax loss estimated by IMF researchers Crivelli et al...

tax avoidance Tax Multinational firms
Blog
Affirmative action policies and South Africa’s racial wage gap

Racial wage inequality and discrimination have pervaded South African society for centuries. Apartheid legislation cemented these disparities by institutionalizing white job reservation and many other unfair practices...

Affirmative action Discrimination apartheid
Blog
Employing young people in South Africa: What role has the Employment Tax Incentive played?
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South Africa has some of the highest rates of joblessness in the world and youth unemployment is particularly severe. Roughly two in five young South Africans who want work cannot find it, according to labour force surveys...

youth unemployment tax incentive South Africa
Blog
WDR 2017 does not disappoint: Four implications for work in development

As a political scientist specializing in the comparative politics of development, including particular attention to issues of governance and democracy, I have followed this year’s World Development Report with special interest...

World Development Report Good governance Group-based inequality
Blog
Four graphs you need to see on International Women's Day

International women's day presents a good opportunity to consider how far we've come towards achieving gender equality, and to recognize how far we still have to go...

Blog
Tackling gender inequality from all directions

Improving the position of women continues to be an important concern in development...

Gender equality Development aid Interventions
Blog
Missing school years for girls: The case of the Assam insurgency
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Girls in India face many challenges. From the moment they are conceived, they are less likely to be born as compared to boys. This presence of “missing girls” appears to be linked to access to ultrasound technology ...

Education Conflict
Research Brief
Mining as a spur to regional growth and industrial development in southern Africa

Driven by rapid growth in mining and related infrastructure investment, exports of machinery and equipment from South Africa to other Southern African Development Community (SADC) countries more than quadrupled from 2003 to 2013...

National system of innovation Linkage development Human capital and industrialization
Research Brief
Community development planning: Success and failure in the extractive sector

A central difficulty for extractive activity is that benefits accrue at the national level but disruptions are highly localized. Companies recognise that these imbalances need to be addressed and adopt active programmes to improve local benefits...

Extractives Capacity building community development
Blog
A two-way street: Regional integration in southern Africa through supermarkets

Walk into any supermarket and you will find a mix of products to stock the kitchen. It’s easy to assume that many of the goods on offer are sourced locally and from nearby countries...

Regional growth Africa Supermarkets
Blog
How big supermarket chains in southern Africa keep out small suppliers
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A shopper prepares to pay at an informal shop in Soweto, South Africa. Smaller retailers are struggling to grow. Supermarkets are a key route to market for many suppliers of food and household consumable products...

Supermarkets Growth Economic development
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