1415 UNU-WIDER articles, publications, projects, experts...

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Economic development
Working Paper
Exploring regional and gender disparities in Beninese primary school attendance: A multilevel approach

This study combines household survey data from the Beninese Demographic and Health Survey with school supply statistics in order to investigate regional and gender disparities in primary school attendance rates in Benin...

Economic development Demand for schooling Africa
How big supermarket chains in southern Africa keep out small suppliers

A shopper prepares to pay at an informal shop in Soweto, South Africa. Smaller retailers are struggling to grow. Supermarkets are a key route to market for many suppliers of food and household consumable products...

Supermarkets Growth Economic development
Policy Brief
Development assistance for peacebuilding

Development assistance to fragile states and conflict-affected areas is a core component of peacebuilding...

Conflict management Foreign aid Economic development
Working Paper
Industries without smokestacks: Telecommunication and ICT-based services trade

This paper provides a basic understanding of the nature of emerging key information and communication technologies, and establishes the distance of countries from high-quality access to the internet—the necessary threshold one needs to cross in...

Economic development Innovation Growth
Working Paper
How does petty corruption affect tax morale in sub-Saharan Africa

Revenues from taxation gain importance to finance economic development in sub-Saharan Africa. Extortion of bribes by public officials can provide one obstacle for tax compliance...

Corruption Tax Economic development
Working Paper
Understanding and characterizing the services sector in South Africa: An overview

The South African services sector is large and growing. This coupled with declining employment shares in manufacturing and mining (i.e. deindustrialization) suggests that South Africa is a de facto service-orientated economy...

Services Economic development South Africa
Book Chapter
Mozambique: Jobs and Welfare in an Agrarian Economy

From the book: Jobs For Development: Challenges and Solutions in Different Country Settings...

Economic development Productivity
Research Brief
Potential impacts of climate change on national water supply in South Africa

Climate change risks for run-off and irrigation demand vary significantly across South Africa, with some regions expected to experience increased drying and others flooding Smaller impacts on water resources by 2050 are expected if global emissions a...

Climate change Economic development Economic growth
Working Paper
The role and effectiveness of Special Economic Zones in Tanzania

Special Economic Zones (SEZs) have been successfully used as an industrial policy tool in many countries...

Economic development Industrial policy Nonprofit organizations
Effective taxation policies to promote equitable growth and development

Taxation is a crucial source of revenue for countries around the world and plays an important role in development efforts...

Economic development Taxation
Journal Article
What Is the Aggregate Economic Rate of Return to Foreign Aid?

In recent years, academic studies have been converging towards the view that foreign aid promotes aggregate economic growth...

Economic assistance and foreign aid Economic development Simulation methods (Economics)
Five things I learned from the 'Responding to crises' conference

The ‘ Responding to crises ’ conference was marked by wide range of topics...

Economic development Equality and inequality
Responding to crises - a personal approach to the conference theme

Crisis can mean different things to different people. In response to this week's WIDER conference , we must ask ‘Which crises, and crises for whom?’. The crises with the biggest impact may be long-term rather than short-lived...

Economic development Sustainable development
Working Paper
Structural transformation in the world economy: On the significance of developing countries

This paper outlines the contours of global economic development, since 1980, to analyse underlying factors and consider future implications...

Economic development Economic growth Globalization
Made in Africa - Learning to Compete in Industry: Policy proposals

One of the strengths of the new UNU-WIDER and Brookings book Made in Africa is that, in the best sense of the word, its proposals are debatable. It provides evidence and arguments for particular policies...

Economic development International trade Manufacturing industries
Working Paper
Financial systems in new middle-income African economies: The opportunities and the risks

This paper examines the possible implications for the financial systems of low-income African economies and in particular Tanzania of their stated aspiration to achieve middle-income status...

Econometrics Economic development Finance
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