396 UNU-WIDER articles, publications, projects, experts...

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Income distribution
Working Paper
Structural features of the Myanmar economy through the lens of a 2017 Social Accounting Matrix

Based on a recently constructed 2017 Social Accounting Matrix, we examine structural aspects of the Myanmar economy. The exposition ranges from industry, trade, household income, and expenditure to labour market issues...

Balance of payments Income distribution labour force survey
Working Paper
A 2017 Social Accounting Matrix for Myanmar

This paper documents the compilation of a 2017 Social Accounting Matrix for Myanmar...

Balance of payments Income distribution labour force survey
Working Paper
Explaining income inequality trends: An integrated approach

In large parts of the world, income inequality has been rising in recent decades. Other regions have experienced declining trends in income inequality...

comparative study Education Income distribution
Working Paper
Exclusive growth?: Rapidly increasing top incomes amidst low national growth in South Africa

Despite South Africa’s need for inclusive economic growth, we find that the income trajectories of the rich continue to diverge from the rest of the income distribution...

Top incomes Income distribution Tax data
Journal Article
Global inequality: How large is the effect of top incomes?

Despite the growing interest in global inequality, assessing inequality trends is a major challenge because individual data on income or consumption is not often available...

Inequality Income distribution Top incomes
Working Paper
Agricultural development, trade, and income distribution: A 2015 social accounting matrix multiplier decomposition approach for Mozambique

This paper considers the impact of agriculture and international trade development on income distribution and economic activity in Mozambique...

Agriculture Income distribution multiplier effects
Book Chapter
Unemployment, Employment and Development

From the book: Asian Transformations

Labor Employment Economic growth
Research Brief
Inequality in rural India: Are non-farm jobs the driver or a brake? Income inequality non-farm employment Poverty
Policy Brief
Reducing inequalities in South Africa: Progress on equality thwarted by slow growth and success of top earners

South Africa has the highest rate of measured inequality in the world. Often thought to be a legacy of the apartheid system, inequality in South Africa has stubbornly persisted...

Earnings personal income tax Survey data
Working Paper
How do human rights violations affect poverty and income distribution?

The goal of this paper is to examine the impact of human rights on income distribution and poverty by exploring how both aid and trade can influence poverty and income distribution through human rights...

Global Human rights Income inequality
Working Paper
The wage-setting power of firms: Rent-sharing and monopsony in South Africa

Using administrative tax records from South Africa for the period 2011–14, I find that firm wage premia explain 25 per cent of the total wage variance, 60 per cent of the gender wage gap, and 40 per cent of the gap between workers in the middle...

Discrimination Firm effects Income inequality
Working Paper
The distributional impact of structural transformation in rural India: Model-based simulation and case-study evidence

The North Indian village of Palanpur has been the subject of close study over a period of six decades from 1957/8 to 2015. Himanshu et al...

Income inequality non-farm employment Poverty
Working Paper
The effect of real exchange rate volatility on income distribution in South Africa

This study investigates the effect of real exchange rate volatility on the distribution of income between labour and capital in South Africa. Both symmetric and asymmetric effects are considered...

Functional distribution Income distribution Economic inequality
Working Paper
Microsimulation analysis of the impact of indirect tax benefits on income distribution and poverty alleviation in Tanzania: An application of TAZMOD

This paper analyses the impacts of indirect tax policy reforms on income distribution and poverty in Tanzania by applying a standard static microsimulation model TAZMOD v1.8...

Income distribution SOUTHMOD Tax-benefit microsimulation
Working Paper
Taking stock of South African income inequality

We synthesize the findings from several recent papers on South Africa’s very high income inequality...

Earnings personal income tax Survey data
Working Paper
Welfare dynamics in India over a quarter-century: Poverty, vulnerability, and mobility, 1987–2012

We analyse the Indian National Sample Survey data spanning the period 1987/88–2011/12 to uncover patterns of transition into and out of different classes of consumption distribution...

Intragenerational mobility Welfare dynamics Imputation
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