169 UNU-WIDER articles, publications, projects, experts...

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Informal sector
Working Paper
The informal sector and the safety of female traders in Tanzania: A reflection of practices, policies, and legislation

This paper assesses the participation of female traders, safety factors, and existing policies and legislation in the informal sector in Tanzania...

Informal sector female entrepreneurship Tanzania
Working Paper
The afterlife of industrial work: Urban-to-rural labour transitions from the factory to the informal economy

The COVID-19 pandemic has escalated processes of labour transition from industrial work to the informal economy, which have always characterized the life of the working poor...

Feminist economics Political economy Social reproduction
Working Paper
Improving young women’s working conditions in Tanzania’s urban food vending sector

In this paper, we investigate the working conditions of the young women working as assistants in the food vending sector in Tanzania using interviews and focus group discussions which are supplemented with quantitative survey...

Tanzania Working conditions Food retailing
Working Paper
Maternity benefits mandate and women’s choice of work in Viet Nam

Despite a sizeable literature on the labour market effects of maternity leave regulations on women in developed countries, how these policies affect women’s work in developing countries with a large informal sector remains poorly understood...

Maternity Women's work Informal sector
Working Paper
Informal employment or informal firms? Regulatory enforcement and the transformation of the informal sector

While there is general agreement that regulatory avoidance is an important part of firms’ decisions to produce in the informal sector, there is much less agreement on how regulation and enforcement affect firms’ decisions on, inter alia, ...

Informal sector Regulation Spillovers
Working Paper
Digital technology and productivity of informal enterprises: Empirical evidence from Nigeria

The lingering policy dilemma facing many governments in sub-Saharan Africa in recent years is what can be done in the short to medium term to boost the output and incomes of individuals and enterprises in the informal sector, given the size and persi...

Information technology Informal sector Productivity
Working Paper
Informal freelancers in the time of COVID-19: Insights from a digital matching platform in Mozambique

Despite the severe negative economic shock associated with the COVID-19 pandemic, evidence from many contexts points to a surge in sales on online platforms, as well as shifts in the composition of demand...

COVID-19 Shocks Mozambique
In the media
Report on the impact of COVID-19 to Ghana’s labour market hits headlines

A new report from the Transforming informal work and livelihoods project has caught the attention of policy makers and media in Ghana. Researchers from UNU-WIDER and the Institute of Statistical, Social and Economic Research (ISSER), University of...

COVID-19 Informal sector Ghana
Seminar
Nandera Mhando and Nasibu Mramba on improving young women’s working conditions in Tanzania’s urban food vending sector

Nandera Mhando and Nasibu Mramba gave a presentation on 14 April 2021, as part of the Sustainable development solutions for Tanzania – strengthening research to achieve SDGs project. The presentation was held as a webinar, in collaboration...

14 April 2021
Online, Dar es Salaam
Past event
Working Paper
What sustains informality?: A study of the interactions between formal- and informal-sector firms

We consider two vertical links between informal- and formal-sector firms and study their implications...

Informal sector Income distribution Supply and demand
Working Paper
The gendered crisis: livelihoods and mental well-being in India during COVID-19

This paper studies the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on the gendered dimensions of employment and mental health among urban informal-sector workers in India...

COVID-19 Informal sector Employment
Working Paper
Towards sustainable livelihood in the Tanzanian informal economy: Facilitating inclusion, organization, and rights for street vendors

In spite of having some intensive national strategies to address poverty, Tanzania lacks a coherent national strategy to ensure sustainable livelihoods for those working in its informal economy, of which street vending is an important sector...

Tanzania Livelihoods Informal sector
Working Paper
Job quality and labour market transitions: Evidence from Mexican informal and formal workers

In this paper we analyse informal work in Mexico, which accounts for the majority of employment in the country and has grown over time...

Informal work job quality Labour market dynamics
Working Paper
Transforming informal work and livelihoods in China

The informal sector has long been viewed as a locus of the disadvantaged, unskilled, and inexperienced workers in under-developed and developing economies...

China Informal sector Livelihoods
Working Paper
Finance, gender, and entrepreneurship: India’s informal sector firms

How does informal economic activity respond to increased financial inclusion? Does it become more entrepreneurial?...

Entrepreneurship Financial constraints Gender
Working Paper
Progress and stagnation in the livelihood of informal workers in an emerging economy: Long-term evidence from Indonesia

We use long-spanning individual longitudinal data to examine the long-term labour market outcomes of low-tier informal workers...

Earnings Indonesia Informal sector
Displaying 16 of 169 results.