6 UNU-WIDER articles, publications, projects, experts...

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Instrumental variable
Journal Article
Precarization or protection?: The role of trade and labour policies on informality

Part of Journal Special Issue What sustains informality

Brazil Informality Trade
Working Paper
The macroeconomic effect of fiscal policy in South Africa: A narrative analysis

This paper analyses the macroeconomic effect of legislated personal income tax changes in South Africa over the 1996–2019 period...

Personal income tax Structural VAR Instrumental variable
Working Paper
Digital technology and productivity of informal enterprises: Empirical evidence from Nigeria

The lingering policy dilemma facing many governments in sub-Saharan Africa in recent years is what can be done in the short to medium term to boost the output and incomes of individuals and enterprises in the informal sector, given the size and persi...

Information technology Informal sector Productivity
Working Paper
Precarization or protection? The impact of trade and labour policies on informality

Several episodes of market-oriented reforms in developing countries have been accompanied by a significant rise in work outside of the formal economy...

Brazil Informality Trade
Working Paper
Unexpected effects of land fragmentation

Using instrumental variable method and Vietnam Access to Resources Household Surveys of 2008–16, I examine the effect of land fragmentation on child outcomes. The study shows that higher land fragmentation decreases child school dropout...

Instrumental variable Land fragmentation Child education
Working Paper
Incentives to labour migration and agricultural productivity: The Bayesian perspective

Understanding how internal labour migration affects the agricultural sector is important for all developing countries whose markets do not work well or are non-existent...

Labour migration Agriculture Bayesian treatment analysis
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