44 UNU-WIDER articles, publications, projects, experts...

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Microsimulation
Technical Note
Full-year adjustment for modelling COVID-19 policies in SOUTHMOD tax-benefit microsimulation models

This technical note presents a modelling approach used in Lastunen et al. (2021) where tax and benefit policies are scaled to reflect their actual duration during a single calendar year...

COVID-19 Tax-benefit microsimulation Poverty
Technical Note
Iterative proportional fitting for reweighting input data in SOUTHMOD microsimulation models

This note describes how the counterfactual datasets in the working paper by Lastunen et al. (2021) have been reweighted, for each country analysed, to the ‘pre-crisis’ time point of 31 March 2020...

COVID-19 SOUTHMOD Microsimulation
Report
SOUTHMOD country report Ecuador - ECUAMOD v2.0

This report documents ECUAMOD, the SOUTHMOD micrososimulation model developed for Ecuador...

Taxes Benefits Microsimulation
Technical Note
Top income adjustments and tax reforms in Ecuador: an application of ECUAMOD

This technical note has been produced alongside a WIDER working paper assessing the effects on income inequality and income tax simulations of adjusting top incomes of employees in survey data based on administrative tax records in Ecuador...

Top incomes Tax data Tax reforms
Technical Note
Unemployment insurance and income protection in Ecuador: an application of ECUAMOD

This note has been produced alongside a WIDER working paper assessing the effect of the Unemployment Insurance benefit on income protection in Ecuador...

Unemployment insurance Income protection Microsimulation
Working Paper
Exploring the quality of income data in two African household surveys for the purpose of tax-benefit microsimulation modelling: Imputing employment income in Tanzania and Zambia

The quality of data on employment income is explored using Tanzanian and Zambian household survey datasets. The extent of missing and implausible income data is assessed and four different methods are applied to impute missing or implausible values...

Income Imputation Microsimulation
Technical Note
Integration of indirect taxation to GHAMOD

This note, with emphasis on VAT and excise taxes, illustrates how indirect taxes are modelled in the context of GHAMOD, a tax-benefit microsimulation model for Ghana...

Taxes Microsimulation Value-added tax
Working Paper
Simulating personal income tax in South Africa using administrative data and survey data: A comparison of PITMOD and SAMOD for tax year 2018

In this paper we explore South Africa’s personal income tax system using two microsimulation models...

Microsimulation Personal income tax Income distribution
Blog
Ecuador’s social protection system failed during the pandemic: It needs a rethink

Household incomes in Ecuador were badly hit by the pandemic, despite the government’s emergency grant to families...

COVID-19 Microsimulation Poverty
Working Paper
Assessing the distributional impact of lowering the value-added tax rate for standard-rated items in Tanzania and options for recouping revenue losses

This paper explores the distributional impact of lowering the value-added tax rate for standard-rated items in Tanzania Mainland...

Value-added tax Microsimulation Redistribution
Journal Article
The impact of indirect tax on income distribution and poverty in Tanzania

THIS ARTICLE IS ON EARLY VIEW | This study analyses the impacts of indirect tax benefits policy reforms on income distribution and poverty in Tanzania by applying a standard static microsimulation model TAZMOD v1.8...

Income distribution SOUTHMOD Tax-benefit microsimulation
Research Brief
The role of tax and benefit policies during the COVID-19 pandemic in Ecuador COVID-19 Microsimulation Poverty
Working Paper
The role of automatic stabilizers and emergency tax–benefit policies during the COVID-19 pandemic in Ecuador

This paper makes use of tax–benefit microsimulation techniques to quantify the distributional effects of COVID-19 in Ecuador and the role of tax–benefit policies in mitigating the immediate impact of the economic shocks...

COVID-19 Microsimulation Poverty
Working Paper
Exploring options for a universal old age pension in Tanzania Mainland

The provision of a universal old age pension is increasingly recognized as an important instrument for strengthening and extending social protection...

Microsimulation Old age Non-contributory pensions
Working Paper
An analysis of the distributional impact of excise duty in Uganda using a tax-benefit microsimulation model

The distributional analysis of consumption taxes is useful for establishing the welfare impact of tax policy. This paper uses the UGAMOD microsimulation model to establish the tax incidence and welfare impact of excise duty in Uganda...

Excise duty Microsimulation Poverty
Report
SOUTHMOD country report Ecuador - ECUAMOD v1.5

View the latest ECUAMOD country report here . This report documents ECUAMOD, the SOUTHMOD micrososimulation model developed for Ecuador...

Taxes Benefits Microsimulation
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