Journal Article: How polarized is the global income distribution?
The interest in the level of global inequality has surged in recent years. This paper complements existing estimates of global inequality by providing the first estimates of the level of bipolarization of the global income distribution.
Policy Brief: The business environment of Mozambican manufacturing firms
The 2017 Survey of Mozambican Manufacturing Firms builds on data collected in 2012 from surviving firms to trace how changing economic conditions have affected the development of firms over five years.
Inclusive growth in Mozambique – scaling-up research and capacity
The central goal of the project is to support inclusive growth, growth that substantially improves the living standards of the Mozambican population.
Journal Special Issue: Fiscal Policy, State Building and Economic Development
This journal presents a synopsis of the contextual conditions, factors and challenges under which the recent evolution of tax systems has taken place. The journal, as the studies in this collection, gives special emphasis to the role natural endowments, p
UNU Annual Report 2017
Explore the “who” and “what” of UNU’s work in 2017 and learn how our ideas generate solutions to improve the lives of people everywhere
Research and policy briefs
Evidence-based policymaking is crucial. Use our publications search to browse nearly 200 briefs which highlight the findings and policy implications of our research.
Sustainable Development Explorer
UNU has launched its Sustainable Development Explorer, a new campaign highlighting ongoing work to support each of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
897 UNU-WIDER articles, publications, projects, experts...
Working PaperSimulating the effect on households’ real consumption and poverty of the increase in prices that followed the 2015–16 economic crisis in Mozambique
Poverty declined substantially in Mozambique between 1996/97 and 2014/15. However, the recent economic crisis, characterized by a significant increase in domestic prices, may have dragged several households into poverty...price increase Economic crisis Poverty
Journal ArticleDoes Horizontal Inequality Matter in Vietnam?
This paper examines the issue of horizontal inequalities in Vietnam over the past 20 years...Viet Nam Horizontal inequality Ethnic relations
Journal ArticleOptimal taxation and public provision for poverty reduction
The existing literature on optimal taxation typically assumes there exists a capacity to implement complex tax schemes, which is not necessarily the case for many developing countries...Income tax Poverty Public goods
Working PaperA role for universal pension? Simulating universal pensions in Ecuador, Ghana, Tanzania, and South Africa
We use four novel, cross-country comparable tax-benefit microsimulation models for Ecuador, Ghana, Tanzania, and South Africa to evaluate ex ante the expansion of a universal old-age pension in a static setting...Old-age benefit Poverty SOUTHMOD
Journal ArticleVertical and Horizontal Inequality in Ecuador: The Lack of Sustainability
We analyse the evolution of vertical and horizontal inequality in Ecuador in the long-run (1990–2016), as well as during and after the recent commodities boom (2005–2014)...Equality and inequality Poverty Sustainable development
Journal ArticleWelfare dynamics measurement: Two definitions of a vulnerability line and their empirical application
Part of Journal Special Issue InequalityWelfare dynamics Poverty Vulnerability
Journal ArticleInequality: Measurement, trends, impacts and policies
Part of Journal Special Issue InequalityDeveloping countries Inequality Poverty
Journal Special IssueInequality: Measurement, trends, impacts and policies
Many low- and middle-income countries are achieving good rates of economic growth, while high inequality remains a priority concern...Inequality Economic growth Poverty
Working PaperEducational inequality in Mozambique
In very poor countries, inequality often means that a small part of the population maintains living standards far above the rest...Education Economic development Inequality
Working PaperInequality and fiscal redistribution in Mexico: 1992–2015
This paper uses income and expenditure surveys from 1992 to 2014 and public tax and spending accounts to estimate the redistributive impact of Mexico’s fiscal system over this period...Fiscal incidence Taxation Social spending
Working PaperPoverty and wellbeing impacts of microfinance: What do we know?
Over the last 35 years, microfinance has been generally regarded as an effective policy tool in the fight against poverty. Yet, the question of whether access to credit leads to poverty reduction and improved wellbeing remains open...Microfinance Poverty Well being
Working PaperThe resettlement of Vietnamese refugees across Canada over three decades
Welcoming 60,000 Southeast Asian refugees in the 1979–80 period has become a celebrated part of Canada’s history, but the eventual integration of these refugees into Canadian society has received insufficient attention...Canada Earnings Economic integration
Working PaperOn the poverty–growth elasticity
Poverty–growth elasticities are frequently calculated to provide insight into the inclusiveness of the growth process...Poverty Growth Elasticity