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Wage subsidy
Working Paper
A policy for the jobless youth in South Africa: Individual impacts of the Employment Tax Incentive

This paper uses survey and tax administrative data to analyse the effects of a sizeable employer-borne payroll tax credit for young, low-wage workers in South Africa...

Employment Youth Wage subsidy
Working Paper
The effect of wage subsidies on job retention: Evidence from South Africa during the COVID-19 pandemic

Wage subsidies have served as a primary labour market policy used around the world to mitigate job losses in response to the COVID-19 pandemic...

COVID-19 South Africa Labour market
Background Note
Expanding a wage subsidy during lockdown

Introduction The South African youth wage subsidy started in 2014 to increase employment and create jobs for low-wage youth. The subsidy was temporarily raised in value and expanded to reach more workers due to the COVID-19 pandemic...

Youth unemployment Youth Unemployment
Working Paper
Estimating employment responses to South Africa’s Employment Tax Incentive

We present new evidence on the effects of South Africa’s Employment Tax Incentive (ETI), a hiring and employment wage subsidy aimed at reducing youth unemployment...

Difference-in-differences Employment event study
Working Paper
Can a wage subsidy system help reduce 50 per cent youth unemployment?: Evidence from South Africa

The paper examines the incidence and employment impacts of the Employment Tax Incentive, a South African wage subsidy system that is targeted at the employers of low-wage youth...

Employment Youth unemployment Taxation
Working Paper
The effects of the Employment Tax Incentive on South African employment

South Africa’s Employment Tax Incentive, launched in 2014, aimed to address low youth employment by reducing the cost of hiring young workers...

Wage subsidy South Africa Youth unemployment
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