As underscored in Goal 10 of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, inequality matters – both vertical (between individuals) and horizontal (between groups). A growing body of research on horizontal inequality shows links, in particular, with conflict and underdevelopment.
Despite considerable attention to horizontal inequality in both research and policy, there are notable gaps and weaknesses in our knowledge about how and why inequality varies within and across countries and over time, as well as implications for development processes.
This panel brings together four contributors to UNU-WIDER’s research initiative on ‘Group-based Inequalities: Patterns and Trends Within and Across Countries’, whose work appears in two forthcoming UNU-WIDER special issues (Horizontal Inequality: Persistence and Change, Oxford Development Studies; and Horizontal Inequality in the Global South: Data, Measurement, and Trends, Social Indicators Research).
Parallel 7.4 | Group-based inequalities
Belinda Archibong | Carla Canelas | Rashid Memon | Bharti Nandwani | Frances Stewart | Q&A
Rachel Gisselquist | Chair
Rachel M. Gisselquist, a political scientist, is a Research Fellow with UNU-WIDER. She works on the comparative politics of the developing world, and has published in particular on ethnic politics and group-based inequality, state fragility, governance, and democratization in sub-Saharan Africa. Before moving to Helsinki, she spent three years at Harvard University as Research Director, Index of African Governance, followed by stints at the London School of Economics and with the World Bank.
Belinda Archibong | Presenter | Presentation
Belinda Archibong is an Assistant Professor of Economics at Barnard College. Professor Archibong's research areas include development economics, political economy, economic history and environmental economics with an African regional focus. Her research investigates the role of institutions and environment in inequality of access to public services, particularly infrastructure, education and measures of public health.
Carla Canelas | Presenter | Presentation
Carla Canelas is the Assistant Professor of Economics at the American University of Paris. Her primary research interests are in development and labour economics. Her research focus is on human capital, group-based inequalities, and social protection.
Rashid Memon | Presenter | Presentation
Rashid Memon is the Assistant Professor of Economics, Lahore University. His current work focuses on post recruitment discrimination in a lab setting. His research interests include the role of social identity in economic interaction, the link between political identity, labour rioting violence and economic outcomes.
Bharti Nandwani | Presenter | Presentation
Bharti Nandwani is a Visiting Assistant Professor in Economics at Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research. Her research interests include the political economy and development economics. Her current work explores the economic and political implications of caste diversity in India.
Frances Stewart | Discussant
Frances Stewart is Emeritus Professor of Development Economics at the University of Oxford. Previously she was Director of the Oxford Department of International Development and of the Centre for Research on Inequality, Human Security and Ethnicity and Chair of the United Nation’s Committee on Development Policy. In 2009 She received the Mahbub ul Haq award for outstanding contributions to Human Development from the UNDP and the Leontief Prize for Advancing the Frontiers of Economic Thought, from Tufts in 2013.