Land and property rights
Property rights over agricultural land have been recognized as an important determinant of investment in agriculture and rural poverty reduction. Land reform was high on the policy agenda in the 1960s and 1970s, especially as countries were industrializing and needed cheap wage goods and expanding domestic markets.
After a lull associated with the debt crisis, land certification and titling has returned in the 1990s with large initiatives in countries such as Mexico and Ethiopia. Yet, the issue of making property rights over land more secure and more complete is still lagging in large areas of the world such as most of Sub-Saharan Africa and China.
The UNU-WIDER panel on Land and Property Rights will (1) review progress with making property rights more effective for growth and welfare, in part based on work done under the 2010-18 UNU-WIDER work agenda, and (2) explore alternative policy and political initiatives that could be pursued to promote property rights reforms where they have been lagging.
The panel will conclude with ideas for a research agenda on Land and Property Rights that UNU-WIDER might wish to consider in future research.