Parallel session
Structural underpinnings of inequality

CEC 6.1 | Auditorium: Thursday, 6 October 2022, 15:10-16:40 (UTC-5)

This is a special sponsored session jointly of the Center for Studies on Economic Development (CEDE) and UNU-WIDER. Papers presented will address inequality from a perspective of markets, labour share and informality.


15:10-16:40 (UTC-5)

Hernando Zuleta | Chair and co-presenter


Hernando Zuleta is a Professor at Universidad de Los Andes. His research topics are economic growth, conflicts, and international trade. He works with models of economic growth with biased innovations. He conducts studies on security and drugs.

Manuel Fernandez Sierra | Co-presenter

The natural resource boom and the uneven fall of labor share

Manuel Fernández is an assistant professor at the Economics Department at Universidad de los Andes. His research interests are in the fields of labor and health economics. Manuel has a PhD in Economics from the University of Oxford, and an MPhil in Economics from the same university. Prior to his doctoral studies, he worked at the Office of the Chief Economist for Latin America at the World Bank.

Andrés Zambrano | Presenter

El rol del sector informal in la crisis del Covid: un amortiguador o un amplificador? (Role of informal sector during Covid crisis: Shock absorber or amplifier)
(co-authors: David Montoya, Andres Alvarez, and Hernando Zuleta)

Andrés Zambrano is an Associate Professor of the Department of Economics at Universidad de los Andes, and Senior Advisor of the Technical Committee of the Colombian Fiscal Rule. He was also a Visiting Associate Professor at Hong Kong University during 2019. His research interests are in the fields of Taxation, Fiscal Policy and Information Economics. He has studied the response of households to economic shocks, its consequences, and public policies aimed at smoothing such consequences. Related to this, he is interested in the effect of conflict, economics of crime and incentives to innovation. He holds a Ph.D and M.A. in Economics from UCLA; and an M.A. and B.A. in Economics from Universidad del Rosario.

Marcela Eslava | Presenter

Market concentration, market fragmentation, and inequality in Latin America

Marcela Eslava is Professor and Dean of Economics at Universidad de Los Andes, Bogotá; a Fellow of the Econometric Society; and Vice-President 2022-2023 (President 2024-2025) of The Latin American and the Caribbean Economic Association (LACEA). Professor Eslava holds a PhD in Economics from the University of Maryland at College Park. Her current research interests revolve around the lack of inclusive growth in Latin America, with a focus on firm dynamics and productivity, as well as informality. Professor Eslava’s research has been published in leading academic journals. She has been involved in multiple initiatives, research projects and missions led by multilateral organizations and the Colombian government, to contribute to the understanding of the origins of the deficit of inclusive growth in the region and to devise solutions to it.