Parallel session
Sustaining peace and preventing violence

The end of armed conflict does often not go hand in hand with the absence of violence. In fact, rather than observing the end of violence post-conflict countries tend to experience a transformation of violence into other forms. Similarly, prior to the onset of armed conflict we can already observe important processes that ultimately feed into the escalation of violence such as radicalization. This session will explore questions such as how we can prevent radicalization, which policies can prevent the resurgence of rebel groups, or why we need to pay attention to refugees in shaping patterns of violence. 


Christopher Blair | Graeme Blair | Michele Di Maio | Jean-Francois Maystadt | Discussant and Q&A


Neha Sanghrajka | Chair

Senior Advisor to the Mozambique Peace Process, Neha Sanghrajka is a negotiator, mediation advisor and author with a track record of working in high-stakes negotiations. She has more than fourteen years’ experience in conflict prevention, resolution, and mediation; working for Kofi Annan in Kenya on the 2007 crisis and most recently on the peace process in Mozambique. She has a strong background in international affairs and has advised senior officials on policy and political strategy in complex environments.

Pedro Vicente | Presenter

Pedro C. Vicente is a Full Professor of Economics at Nova School of Business andEconomics (Nova SBE), where he is also the founding scientific director of theknowledge center NOVAFRICA. He specializes in development economics and Africa,with a focus on political economy issues. Previously to Nova SBE, Pedro Vicentewas a professor and researcher at the University of Oxford and Trinity CollegeDublin. He was also a visiting professor at the University of Notre Dame and aconsultant to the World Bank. 

Rob Blair | Presenter

Robert Blair is an Associate Professor of Political Science and International and Public Affairs at Brown University. His research focuses on international intervention and the consolidation of state authority after civil war. He has worked in various capacities for the UN Office of Rule of Law and Security Institutions, the Political Instability Task Force, and USAID. His book, Peacekeeping, Policing, and the Rule of Law after Civil War, was published in 2020 with Cambridge University Press.

Aysegul Kayaoglu | Presenter

Aysegul Kayaoglu is an Associate Professor of Economics at Istanbul Technical University (ITU), and a research associate at Economic Research Forum (ERF). She studied business administration at Bogazici University and MSc in Economics at the Birkbeck College, University of London, with Chevening Scholarship. She earned her PhD in Economics degree as part of the European Doctoral Program in Quantitative Economics during which she studied both at the Catholic University of Louvain (UCL) and London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). 

Thomas Gautier | Presenter

Thomas Gautier is a postdoctoral fellow at the Kiel Institute for the World Economy. He is an applied micro-economist interested in development economics and political economy. He received his PhD in Economics from Boston University in May 2021.

Henk-Jan Brinkman | Discussant

Henk-Jan Brinkman is chief of the Peacebuilding Strategy and Partnerships Branch of the Peacebuilding Support Office in the United Nations Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs. Previously, he worked in the World Food Programme, the office of the Secretary-General of the UN and the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs. He holds an M.A. in economics from the University of Groningen in the Netherlands and a Ph.D. in economics from the New School for Social Research in New York City.