Plenary session
20 years of micro-level analysis of violent conflict: what next?

People are central to both conflict and peace. World peace is constituted by the actions of billions of people, however power-full or power-less they may be. We therefore need to understand how the actions of people both good and bad drive the emergence of peace, how these actions shape the forms and dynamics of peace, and how peace in turn shapes the lives and livelihoods of people. Studying these has been the mission of the Households in Conflict Network for nearly 20 years.

In this session a distinguished panel gather to reflect on what has been achieved and what is next in micro-level analysis on conflict and peace. 


Tilman Brück | Chair

Professor Tilman Brück is a development economist studying the behaviour and the welfare of poor and vulnerable households in conflict-affected, fragile and humanitarian emergency settings and developing research methods in conflict settings. He is based in Berlin, Germany, holds positions at @igz_leibniz, @ISDCBerlin and @NRInstitute, leads @LiK_Study and @LwC_survey, and obtained a doctorate in economics from the @UniofOxford.

Patricia Justino | Chair

Patricia Justino is a development economist who works at the interface between Development Economics and Political Science. She is a leading expert on political violence and development, and the co-founder and co-director of the Households in Conflict Network. She is currently a Senior Research Fellow at UNU-WIDER and Professorial Fellow at the Institute of Development Studies (IDS) in Brighton, UK (on leave). Professor Justino’s research focuses on the relationship between political violence, institutional transformation, governance and development outcomes.

Tony Addison

Tony Addison is a Professor of Economics, University of Copenhagen in the Development Economics Research Group. He was a Chief Economist and Deputy Director of UNU-WIDER in Helsinki, Finland. He was previously Professor of Development Studies, University of Manchester; Executive Director of the Brooks World Poverty Institute (BWPI), University of Manchester (from 2006-2009); Associate Director of the Chronic Poverty Research Centre (CPRC); and Deputy Director of UNU-WIDER.

Stathis Kalyvas

Stathis N. Kalyvas is Gladstone Professor of Government and fellow of All Souls College at Oxford. Until 2018 he was Arnold Wolfers Professor of Political Science at Yale University, where he founded and directed the Program on Order, Conflict, and Violence and co-directed the Hellenic Studies Program. In 2019 he founded and directs the T. E. Lawrence Program on Conflict and Violence at All Souls College.

Ana María Ibáñez

Ana María Ibáñez is a Principal Economics Advisor at the IDB. She is the former Dean of the School of Economics at Universidad de los Andes and the Director of the research center (CEDE). Her research concentrates on the microeconomic analysis of internal conflict and migration. She studies the economic consequences of internal conflict, in particular the costs of war and conflict upon the civil population. The other strand of her research explores the causes and consequences of forced and economic migration.

Philip VerwimpPhilip Verwimp

Philip Verwimp is a professor of development economics at the Université libre de Bruxelles (ULB). He specializes in the economic causes and consequences of conflict at the micro-level. He has done quantitative work on the death toll of the genocide and on the demography of post-genocide Rwanda. He was a Fellow of the Belgian-American Educational Foundation (in 1998-1999) and a Fulbright-Hays Fellow (in 2004), both at Yale University. He worked for the World Bank as a Poverty Economist. He taught Development Economics at the Institute of Social Studies (now Erasmus University of Rotterdam) in The Hague and at the Universities of Antwerp, Leuven and Utrecht and was a research fellow from the Fund for Scientific Research (Flanders, Belgium) and visiting fellow at ECARES (2007-2009).