Working Paper
Adaptation to Climate Variability and Change in Uganda

Are there Gender Differences Across Households?

This paper hypothesizes that adaptation to climate change is influenced by the gender of the decision maker of the household. Using a two-wave household panel survey dataset, choice of adaptation strategies employed by female- and male-headed households are examined. A multinomial logit model is used to examine factors determining adaptation choices by gender. Findings reveal that gender of the household head matters in adaptation to climate-induced shocks. Specific differences were found regarding responses during drought, regarding crop pest attacks, and livestock epidemics. Agro-ecological climate zones in which households live play a key role in adaptation options, yet gender matters.