Journal Special Issue
Civil War in Developing Countries

Previous UNU-WIDER research has shown that the risk of internal conflict is high in low-income societies rich in natural resources and characterised by ethnic fragmentation. Yet for each country in conflict there are many others with similar characteristics that are at peace. Understanding why some countries avoid conflict while others fail is critical. Key causes of conflict are inequality (along ethnic, religious, social, and regional dimensions). Therefore, policies that exclude some groups from the fruits of growth and public spending (both social and economic provisions as well as public employment) may cause conflict. The project will focus in particular on the impact of different patterns of public expenditure (by region, sector, groups of beneficiaries, etc.), the distribution of government jobs and the overall benefits of government operations in social stability and integration.

Table of contents
  1. Conflict, Civil War and Underdevelopment: An Introduction
    Mansoob Murshed
  2. Paradise is a Bazaar?: Greed, Creed, and Governance in Civil War, 1989-99
    Indra de Soysa
    More Working Paper | Paradise is a Bazaar? Greed, Creed, Grievance and Governance
  3. The Geography of Civil War
    Halvard Buhaug, Scott Gates
  4. Warlord Competition
    Stergios Skaperdas
    More Working Paper | Warlord Competition
  5. Plunder & Protection Inc.
    Halvor Mehlum, Karl Ove Moene, Ragnar Torvik
  6. Violence Against Civilians in Civil Wars: Looting or Terror?
    Jean-Paul Azam
    More Working Paper | Violence Against Civilians in Civil Wars
  7. Credibility and Reputation in Peacemaking
    Tony Addison, Mansoob Murshed
    More Working Paper | Credibility and Reputation in Peacemaking
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