Working Paper
The counting approach to multidimensional poverty

The case of four African countries

This paper investigates the levels and evolution of poverty in Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe using the decomposability properties of poverty measures based on a counting approach. We compare poverty measures such as the Alkire and Foster index with alternative poverty indices that are sensitive to inequality.

Poverty is estimated using Demographic and Health Surveys for different years for Malawi (2004, 2010, and 2015), for Mozambique (2003 and 2011), Tanzania (2005, 2010, and 2015) and for Zimbabwe (2005, 2010, and 2015). Our findings show that one obtains insightful information when looking at the breadth and inequality components of multidimensional poverty.