Policy Brief
Development assistance for peacebuilding

Development assistance to fragile states and conflict-affected areas is a core component of peacebuilding. It includes support for the restoration of core government functions, delivery of basic services, the rule of law, and economic revitalization. Yet, while aid has been among the largest financial inflows to fragile states in recent years, its impact has been mixed. Better understanding of what works and why thus remains a core challenge for development researchers and practitioners.

Our initiative, ‘Good Aid in Hard Places: Learning from What Works in Fragile Contexts’, offers new answers drawn from collective consideration of eight in-depth and critical case studies of aid-supported efforts widely described as ‘successful’. Spanning multiple domains and regions, our initiative points to three sets of factors as important in understanding why some aid efforts work better than others: the area of support, conducive local context, and programme design and management.