The End of Military Fordism

Restructuring the Global Military Sector, Volume II

Since the mid-1980s there have been substantial cuts in military spending throughout the world, with the exception of Pacific Asia. The end of the Cold War, democratization in Africa and Latin America, structural adjustment programmes, debts and cuts in public spending are just some of the political and economic developments that have instigated and led to changes across the globe in armed forces, arms industries and other military-related activities. This second volume of a study commissioned by UNU/WIDER examines the changes taking place within the military sector. It concludes that there has been little conversion of resources from military to civilian purposes. Neither monetary resources or real resources, such as manpower or industries, have been utilized as a "peace dividend". Instead, the military sector is being restructured and is becoming more globalized and informal. Part of a 2 volume analysis written by a team of key experts from around the world, this text studies the changes taking place within the military sector. The conclusion is that there has been little in the way of a peace dividend.

Table of contents
  1. 1. Introduction
    Ulrich Albrecht, Mary Kaldor, Genevieve Schmeder
  2. Part I: General Trends
    2. Global Trends in Military Efforts and Activities
    Genevieve Schmeder
  3. Part I: General Trends
    3. Employment Effects of Military Restructuring
    Ruth Stanley
  4. Part I: General Trends
    4. Disarmament and the Disposal of Surplus Weapons: A Survey of the Dismantling, Destruction and Transfer of Surplus Weapons and Ammunition
    Susanne Kopte, Peter Wilke
  5. Part I: General Trends
    5. The Changing Structure of the Tank Industry
    Ulrich Albrecht
  6. Part I: General Trends
    6. The Contraction of the World Military Aircraft Industry
    Randall Forsberg
  7. Part I: General Trends
    7. The Defence Electronics Sector
    Andrée Larcher
  8. Part II: Regional Studies
    8. The Brazilian Arms Industry and Civil-military Relations
    Renato Dagnino, Domício Proença Jr
  9. Part II: Regional Studies
    9. Conversion in Ukraine: Some Results and Problems
    Igor Egorov
  10. Part II: Regional Studies
    10. Rebuilding the European Defence Industry in a Competitive World: Intergovernmentalism and the Leading Role Played by Companies
    John Lovering
  11. Part II: Regional Studies
    11. Defence Industry Restructuring in Pacific-Asia
    John Lovering, Ron Matthews
  12. Part II: Regional Studies
    12. Defence Conversion: Regional and International Aspects. A Case Study of Martin, Slovakia
    Yahia Said
  13. Part II: Regional Studies
    13. The Conversion of the US Subic Naval Base in the Philippines: Political and Economic Consequences
    Joel Rocamora
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