Book
Falling Inequality in Latin America

Policy Changes and Lessons

The book aims to document and explain the sizeable decline of income inequality that has taken place in Latin America during the 2000s.

It does so through an exploration of inequality changes in six representative countries, and ten policy chapters dealing with macroeconomics, foreign trade, taxation, labour market, human capital formation, and social assistance, which point to the emergence of a 'new policy model'.

The book addresses a major issue in economic development with profound implications for many developing regions and those OECD countries mired in a long-lasting financial crisis and economic stagnation.

Table of contents
  1. Part I: Inequality Changes and the Surfacing of New Policy Approaches
    1. Recent Distributive Changes in Latin America: An Overview
    Giovanni Andrea Cornia
  2. Part I: Inequality Changes and the Surfacing of New Policy Approaches
    2. Inequality Trends and their Determinants: Latin America over 1990-2010
    Giovanni Andrea Cornia
    More Working Paper | Inequality Trends and their Determinants
    More Research Brief | The Causes of the Decline in Income Inequality in Latin America
  3. Part I: Inequality Changes and the Surfacing of New Policy Approaches
    3. The Politics of Inequality and Redistribution in Latin America's Post-Adjustment Era
    Kenneth Roberts
    More Working Paper | The Politics of Inequality and Redistribution in Latin America’s Post-Adjustment Era
  4. Part II: Recent Inequality Changes in Six Representative Latin American Countries
    4. Redistribution without Structural Change in Ecuador: Rising and Falling Income Inequality in the 1990s and 2000s
    Juan Ponce and Rob Vos
    More Working Paper | Redistribution without Structural Change in Ecuador
    More Research Brief | The Rise and Fall in Income Inequality in Ecuador
  5. Part II: Recent Inequality Changes in Six Representative Latin American Countries
    5. Policy Regimes, Inequality, Poverty and Growth: The Chilean Experience, 1973-2010
    Dante Contreras and Ricardo Ffrench-Davis
    More Working Paper | Policy Regimes, Inequality, Poverty and Growth
  6. Part II: Recent Inequality Changes in Six Representative Latin American Countries
    6. Uruguay's Income Inequality and Political Regimes over 1981-2010
    Verónica Amarante, Marco Colafranceschi and Andrea Vigorito
    More Working Paper | Uruguay’s Income Inequality and Political Regimes during 1981–2010
  7. Part II: Recent Inequality Changes in Six Representative Latin American Countries
    7. The Rise and Fall of Income Inequality in Mexico, 1989-2010
    Raymundo M. Campos-Vázquez, Gerardo Esquivel and Nora Lustig
    More Working Paper | The Rise and Fall of Income Inequality in Mexico, 1989–2010
  8. Part II: Recent Inequality Changes in Six Representative Latin American Countries
    8. Social Policies or Private Solidarity?: The Equalizing Role of Migration and Remittances in El Salvador
    Carlos Gerardo Acevedo and Maynor Cabrera
    More Working Paper | Social Policies or Private Solidarity?
  9. Part II: Recent Inequality Changes in Six Representative Latin American Countries
    9. The Dynamics of Inequality Change in a Highly Dualistic Economy
    Stephan Klasen, Thomas Otter and Carlos Villalobos Barria
    More Working Paper | The Dynamics of Inequality Change in a Highly Dualistic Economy
  10. Part III: Main Policy Changes and Inequality during the Last Decade
    10. Macroeconomic Policies, Growth, Employment, Poverty, and Inequality in Latin America
    Mario Damill and Roberto Frenkel
    More Working Paper | Macroeconomic Policies, Growth, Employment, and Inequality in Latin America
  11. Part III: Main Policy Changes and Inequality during the Last Decade
    11. Trade and Income Distribution in Latin America: Is There Anything New to Say?
    Miguel Szekely and Claudia Sámano
    More Working Paper | Did Trade Openness Affect Income Distribution in Latin America? Evidence for the Years 1980–2010
  12. Part III: Main Policy Changes and Inequality during the Last Decade
    12. Changes in Labour Market Conditions and Policies and their Impact on Wage Inequality during the Last Decade
    Saúl Keifman and Roxana Maurizio
    More Working Paper | Changes in Labour Market Conditions and Policies
  13. Part III: Main Policy Changes and Inequality during the Last Decade
    13. What Can Latin America Learn from China's Labour Market Reforms?
    Richard Freeman
  14. Part III: Main Policy Changes and Inequality during the Last Decade
    14. Tax Policy and Income Distribution during the Last Decade
    Giovanni Andrea Cornia, Juan Carlos Gómez-Sabaini and Bruno Martorano
    More Working Paper | A New Fiscal Pact, Tax Policy Changes and Income Inequality
    More Research Brief | The Effect of Tax on Income Inequality and Growth in Latin America
  15. Part III: Main Policy Changes and Inequality during the Last Decade
    15. Inequality in Education: Evidence for Latin America
    Guillermo Cruces, Carolina García Domench and Leonardo Gasparini
    More Working Paper | Inequality in Education
  16. Part III: Main Policy Changes and Inequality during the Last Decade
    16. On the Distributional Implications of Social Protection Reforms in Latin America
    Armando Barrientos
    More Working Paper | On the Distributional Implications of Social Protection Reforms in Latin America
    More Research Brief | The Evolution of Social Protection in Latin America
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