Multidimensional poverty and wellbeing in Mozambique
Poverty is a multidimensional phenomenon involving things other than consumption — such as access to and quality of health and education, housing, possession of durable goods, freedom, and many other factors. The consumption and multidimensional poverty approaches are complementary: it is possible for example that a family has consumption levels below the poverty line but lives in a good quality home, its members have a good level of education, and vice versa.
Until now poverty assessments in Mozambique only presented consumption poverty estimates and trends, which are quite volatile and greatly affected by short-term shocks. For the first time since poverty evaluation started in Mozambique in 1996/97, the Fourth National Assessment of Poverty and Wellbeing in Mozambique 2014/15 presents estimates of multidimensional poverty and its evolution over time.
Multidimensional poverty for the years 1996/97, 2002/03, 2008/09, and 2014/15 was evaluated using six indicators evaluated at the household level, and assigning the same weight to all of them:
- completion of primary school
- access to safe water
- access to quality sanitation
- grass roofing
- access to electricity
- ownership of most common durable goods