Working Paper
Using Evidence and Operational Responses to Accelerate Gender Equality in Kenya

Agriculture is a main contributor to pro-poor growth in Africa, but gender inequalities in the sector hold back agricultural growth and affect household welfare negatively. The sector has been characterized by a lack of gender-disaggregated data and patchy gender-integration in policies and operational responses. To remedy this, the World Bank (WB) and the Government of Kenya (GoK) integrated gender in a pronounced way in the design and implementation of the Kenya Agricultural Productivity and Agribusiness Project (KAPAP). A robust gender-disaggregated baseline was established to provide operational guidance as well as inputs for a policy dialogue that aimed to integrate gender in the agriculture sector. This paper uses the recent empirical and practical experiences as the basis for a discussion on the opportunities and challenges of linking foreign aid to local development processes.