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Publications (66)

– Progress on equality thwarted by slow growth and success of top earners
Murray Leibbrandt, Timothy Shipp - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

South Africa has the highest rate of measured inequality in the world. Often thought to be a legacy of the apartheid system, inequality in South Africa has stubbornly persisted.  South Africa’s position as highest inequality country in the world has not changed Progressive...

– Inclusive growth trend of this millennium is over
Marcelo Neri - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

After three decades of persistently high inequality, Brazil has been experiencing a downward trend since 2001, accompanied by a rise in household incomes. These trends lasted until 2014 when a major reversal took place on both fronts. Since the 1970s Brazil has been one of the most unequal...

Hai‐Anh H. Dang, Peter Lanjouw - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Following the introduction of economic reforms in the early 1990s, India today is achieving unprecedented per capita growth rates. Poverty reduction has also accelerated and is justly celebrated. There is great concern, however, that this growth is being accompanied by rising inequality. ...

– On the rise again
Raymundo M. Campos-Vázquez, Nora Lustig, John Scott - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Since 1989, inequality in Mexico has risen, declined, and risen again. The evolution of labour income inequality is at the core of this pattern. To reverse the current trend of rising inequality, access to secondary and tertiary education should continue to expand, minimum wages should be...

– Income growth for the poor, but more for the rich
Shi Li, Terry Sicular, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

In the late 1970s, China embarked on a major programme of economic transition and reform. Since then, China’s economy has been transformed from a socialist planned economy to a predominately market economy characterized by a combination of state, private, and mixed forms of ownership. Over...

Gary S. Fields, Guillermo Cruces, David Jaume, Mariana Viollaz - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Some questions have been present since the very first days of development economics but have gained increased attention in recent years: Has economic growth resulted in gains in standards of living and reductions in poverty via improved labor market conditions? How do the rate and character of...

– Industrialization in Africa reconsidered
Richard Newfarmer, John Page - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Our research shows that structural change in Africa is relying on a new set of economic activities, called ‘industries without smokestacks’, created by recent technological changes and a changing global market place. Adopting a broad concept of industrialization is crucial to...

Jean-Philippe Platteau - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

There are three main channels of women’s empowerment: legal or policy reforms, outside economic opportunities, and collective action. Legal (or policy) reforms are generally based on statutory laws that enact rules to be followed or prohibit certain practices. External economic...

– Results from a baseline survey
Ricardo Santos, Sam Jones - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Before now, there has been no systematic study of the transition of university students as they finish their studies and enter the labour market. This Policy Brief summarises the findings of a baseline survey of such university students, who form the sample of a longitudinal tracking survey that...

Ricardo Santos - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Weak supply chains, both in quantity and quality, impose logistical challenges on Mozambican manufacturing firms. The Mozambican regulatory and legal environment continue to be perceived as a hurdle. Regulatory barriers hinder firm capacity to export. Access to credit remains...

Ricardo Santos - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Firms that survived the economic downturn adopted restrictive human resources management, reducing the workforce and making it more flexible, which in turn made employment more vulnerable. In 2017, manufacturing sector leadership appears both more satisfied and more inclined to support...

– What is known and where are the knowledge gaps?
Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Under the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) remarkably progress has been made on health issues. Globally, under-five mortality rate has decreased by 56%, from an estimated rate of 93 deaths per 1000 live births in 1990 to 41 deaths per 1000 live births in 2016. To build health-care systems that...

Channing Arndt, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

The importance of reducing poverty is universally acknowledged, and represents an important part of the Sustainable Development Goals. However, the appropriate measurement of poverty and wellbeing remains complex and controversial. A UNU-WIDER study addresses means to significantly lower the...

– The latest evidence on the effectiveness of ODA
Tony Addison, Finn Tarp, Oliver Morrissey - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

The death of aid has often been declared, and private capital flows as well as earnings from natural resources now far exceed official development assistance (ODA) in aggregate. However, the recent and sharp downturn in resource earnings, the ability of ODA to fund public goods that private...

Channing Arndt, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Development aid by itself cannot ‘save the planet’. Yet, development aid and institutions have the potential to remain important catalytic actors in achieving developmental and global environmental objectives. Developing countries must be crucial players in successful climate change...

Channing Arndt, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

In broad terms, the climate challenge is relatively straightforward. Global average temperatures are rising because of anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases. Continuation of current levels of emissions or (worse) continued growth in emissions throughout the twenty-first century could result...

Displaying 16 of 66 results.