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Publications (94)

Ronald Waiswa, Jesse Lastunen, Gemma Wright, Michael Noble, Joseph Okello Ayo, Milly Isingoma Nalukwago, Tina Kaidu Barugahara, Susan Kavuma, Isaac Arinaitwe, Martin Mwesigye, Wilson Asiimwe, Pia Rattenhuber - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Presumptive tax, a final tax on business income, was introduced in Uganda in 1997. It has been reformed several times since its conception. The latest reform in July 2020 sought to make the presumptive regime more progressive, simpler and fairer to small firms. The revised rates have however...

– Simulating potential Cash Plus reforms
Katrin Gasior, David McLennan, Mbewe Kalikeka, Miselo Bwalya, Maria Jouste - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

A large share of the population in Zambia is living below the national poverty line, with most of them being extremely poor. In a bid to improve the social and economic situation, the Zambian government introduced the Social Cash Transfer (SCT) programme which provides cash payments to poor and...

Elineema Kisanga, Vincent Leyaro, Michael Noble, Rodrigo C. Oliveira, Pia Rattenhuber, Gemma Wright - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Tanzania, similar to most sub-Saharan countries, reported its first COVID-19 cases in March 2020. While GDP estimates suggest that the economy was less hard hit than in other African countries, some sectors have nevertheless experienced negative growth. Even with contained GDP contractions in...

Jesse Lastunen, Gemma Wright, Michael Noble, Ronald Waiswa, Joseph Okello Ayo, Milly Isingoma Nalukwago - , 2021

In 2020, the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic caused an economic crisis that disrupted the Ugandan labour market. How large were the associated income losses across different industries and population groups? To what extent did the general tax-benefit system mitigate the adverse effects of the...

Kwabena Adu-Ababio, Robert Darko Osei, Jukka Pirttilä, Pia Rattenhuber - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

The first cases of COVID-19 in sub-Saharan Africa were reported in March 2020, and the impact of the pandemic has since rippled through the world and Africa. In response to the crisis and similarly to many of its peers, Ghana has enacted a variety of containment measures to confront the pandemic...

José Cardoso, Vanda Castelo, Finório Castigo, Michael Noble, Rodrigo C. Oliveira, Pia Rattenhuber, Gemma Wright - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Mozambique reported its first case of COVID-19 on 22 March 2020. GDP estimates suggest a strong pandemic effect, with a reduction in seven of nine business sectors analysed. However, the agriculture sector, one of the most important, experienced a 9% increase, which may have cushioned the...

Mbewe Kalikeka, Miselo Bwalya, Kwabena Adu-Ababio, Katrin Gasior, David McLennan, Pia Rattenhuber - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Zambia’s economic growth has been flattening over the past decade. In 2020 economic prospects further worsened, following the onset of the pandemic, rising debt, and the Eurobond default. In this unprecedented scenario, there is the need to examine impacts on welfare and the mitigation role...

Vincent Leyaro, Anne Kamau, Roseline Misati - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Tanzania is, together with Kenya and Uganda, one of the founding members states of the East African Community (EAC), a regional intergovernmental organization which nowadays consists of six partner states in the region. Since the revival of the new EAC in 2000, EAC Customs Union (EAC-CU) in 2005...

Olivier Bargain, Maria C. Lo Bue - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries, including Morocco, currently record the lowest rates of female labour force participation (FLFP) in the world. These rates — between 20-30% in 2019 — appear substantially low in comparison to Western countries, but also compared to low-...

Oliver Morrissey, Milla Nyyssölä, Ralitza Dimova - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Diversifying income sources is an important livelihood strategy for households in low-income countries. Having several sources of income helps in increasing total income, and in spreading the risks. New findings on the benefits of income diversification from Tanzanian households can inform policy...

Josaphat Kweka, Julian Boys, Amrita Saha - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

The private sector and enterprises have a key role to play in the development of the Tanzanian economy. This Policy Brief provides insights and solutions that could offer business sectors the vital policy support that they need to develop and grow. Linkages with large firms provide a...

– How can natural resources support inclusive growth in Africa
John Page, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

For a growing number of countries in Africa the discovery of natural resources is a great opportunity, but one accompanied by considerable risks. There is an extensive literature linking natural resource dependence to poor economic performance. One cause is that resource-abundant economies tend...

Rachel M. Gisselquist, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Building knowledge about migration governance and policy in the Global South is a priority for research and policy. Migration is a defining feature of our time and one closely linked with processes of economic and political development. Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) target 10.7 prioritizes...

Johannes Hermanus Kemp, Hylton Hollander - , 2020

Much of the research on the impact of fiscal policy shocks on macroeconomic outcomes (e.g., fiscal multipliers) uses reduced-form modelling approaches such as vector auto-regressions to obtain empirical results. In a recent study1, we used this approach to estimate fiscal multipliers for South...

Johannes Hermanus Kemp, Hylton Hollander - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, FInland

Despite the frequent use of fiscal policy for stabilization purposes, there remains significant uncertainty regarding the impact of fiscal policy decisions on macroeconomic outcomes. This impact is quantified by calculating fiscal multipliers. A fiscal multiplier measures the impact of government...

– Five key issues and solutions
Jukka Pirttilä, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Taxation, and public sector matters more generally, are high on the agenda for the international development community. This is clearly reflected in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). SDG17 stipulates the need for improving domestic resource mobilization directly, and most of the other...

Displaying 16 of 94 results.