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Publications (79)

– Five key issues and solutions
Jukka Pirttilä, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Taxation, and public sector matters more generally, are high on the agenda for the international development community. This is clearly reflected in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). SDG17 stipulates the need for improving domestic resource mobilization directly, and most of the other...

John Rand, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The structural changes of the economy have been a significant contributor to Vietnam’s impressive growth over the past 30 years. Labour has moved rapidly from agriculture into manufacturing, with important improvements in livelihoods as a result. The burgeoning private sector played a key...

– Actors, institutions and dynamics
Sam Hickey, Tom Lavers, Miguel Niño-Zarazúa, Jeremy Seekings - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Since the mid-1990s, there has been in Africa something of a ‘quiet revolution’ in poverty reduction strategies with the proliferation of social assistance programmes that entail cash transfers to the poor. The past two decades have also been characterized by a series of important...

Carlos Gradín, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

There is an increasing interest in the analysis of economic inequalities in least developed countries. This is not only the result of a general social preference for equality, but also the consequence of a growing sense that highly unequal societies may distort the functioning of a country...

– Key findings from an extensive survey
Sam Jones, Ricardo Santos, Gimelgo Xirinda - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This brief summarizes the findings and implications of a survey of the school-to-work transition by Mozambican university students. No research of this kind had previously been conducted. Over the course of a year and a half, university graduates were monitored in their transition to the labour...

– Making a case for universal social protection in Latin America
Santiago Levy - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

The 2019 WIDER Annual Lecture discusses the challenges of social protection in economies with large informal sectors, such as in Latin America. Making a critical distinction between social insurance and social assistance programmes — the former address risks which are common to all workers...

Jukka Pirttilä - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Social protection has attracted increasing interest in developing countries in recent decades and policies have been initiated in all developing regions. When countries build up their social protection systems, they need reliable information and tools on how the systems should be designed. They...

– Growth and beyond
Rachel M. Gisselquist, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

The questions of whether aid has impact and is effective have been the subject of considerable attention. This thematic issue brings together nine studies that speak to the diverse ways in which aid affects development outcomes including, but not limited to, growth. It takes stock of what we know...

– Global trends and data challenges
Rachel M. Gisselquist, Carla Canelas - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Inequality—both vertical (between individuals and households) and horizontal (between groups)—is a core concern in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. However, despite considerable attention to horizontal inequality in both research and policy, there are notable gaps and...

Rachel M. Gisselquist - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

‘Legal empowerment’ is defined as a process of systemic change through which the poor and excluded become able to use the law to protect and advance their rights and interests as citizens and economic actors. Since the 2000s, legal empowerment initiatives have established a widely...

– Diversity in Development
Deepak Nayyar - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

In 1820, Asia accounted for two-thirds of world population and over half of world income. The subsequent decline of Asia was attributable to its integration with a world economy shaped by colonialism and driven by imperialism. By 1970, Asia was the poorest continent in the world, marginal except...

Deepak Nayyar - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

When Gunnar Myrdal published his magnum opus, Asian Drama: An Inquiry into the Poverty of Nations, in 1968, he was deeply pessimistic about the development prospects in Asia. The fifty years since witnessed a remarkable economic transformation in Asia — even if it has been uneven across...

– Progress on equality thwarted by slow growth and success of top earners
Murray Leibbrandt, Timothy Shipp - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

South Africa has the highest rate of measured inequality in the world. Often thought to be a legacy of the apartheid system, inequality in South Africa has stubbornly persisted.  South Africa’s position as highest inequality country in the world has not changed Progressive...

– Inclusive growth trend of this millennium is over
Marcelo Neri - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

After three decades of persistently high inequality, Brazil has been experiencing a downward trend since 2001, accompanied by a rise in household incomes. These trends lasted until 2014 when a major reversal took place on both fronts. Since the 1970s Brazil has been one of the most unequal...

Tony Addison, Jukka Pirttilä, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

When measured in relative terms, global inequality has been decreasing. However, in absolute terms it has been increasing. What does this mean for analysing and addressing inequality? While it remains vital to continue reducing the global incidence of poverty, inequality has risen both in...

Hai‐Anh H. Dang, Peter Lanjouw - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Following the introduction of economic reforms in the early 1990s, India today is achieving unprecedented per capita growth rates. Poverty reduction has also accelerated and is justly celebrated. There is great concern, however, that this growth is being accompanied by rising inequality. ...

Displaying 16 of 79 results.