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Publications (87)

Vincent Leyaro, Anne Kamau, Roseline Misati - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Tanzania is, together with Kenya and Uganda, one of the founding members states of the East African Community (EAC), a regional intergovernmental organization which nowadays consists of six partner states in the region. Since the revival of the new EAC in 2000, EAC Customs Union (EAC-CU) in 2005...

Olivier Bargain, Maria C. Lo Bue - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries, including Morocco, currently record the lowest rates of female labour force participation (FLFP) in the world. These rates — between 20-30% in 2019 — appear substantially low in comparison to Western countries, but also compared to low-...

Oliver Morrissey, Milla Nyyssölä, Ralitza Dimova - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Diversifying income sources is an important livelihood strategy for households in low-income countries. Having several sources of income helps in increasing total income, and in spreading the risks. New findings on the benefits of income diversification from Tanzanian households can inform policy...

Josaphat Kweka, Julian Boys, Amrita Saha - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

The private sector and enterprises have a key role to play in the development of the Tanzanian economy. This Policy Brief provides insights and solutions that could offer business sectors the vital policy support that they need to develop and grow. Linkages with large firms provide a...

– How can natural resources support inclusive growth in Africa
John Page, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

For a growing number of countries in Africa the discovery of natural resources is a great opportunity, but one accompanied by considerable risks. There is an extensive literature linking natural resource dependence to poor economic performance. One cause is that resource-abundant economies tend...

Rachel M. Gisselquist, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Building knowledge about migration governance and policy in the Global South is a priority for research and policy. Migration is a defining feature of our time and one closely linked with processes of economic and political development. Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) target 10.7 prioritizes...

Johannes Hermanus Kemp, Hylton Hollander - , 2020

Much of the research on the impact of fiscal policy shocks on macroeconomic outcomes (e.g., fiscal multipliers) uses reduced-form modelling approaches such as vector auto-regressions to obtain empirical results. In a recent study1, we used this approach to estimate fiscal multipliers for South...

Johannes Hermanus Kemp, Hylton Hollander - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, FInland

Despite the frequent use of fiscal policy for stabilization purposes, there remains significant uncertainty regarding the impact of fiscal policy decisions on macroeconomic outcomes. This impact is quantified by calculating fiscal multipliers. A fiscal multiplier measures the impact of government...

– Five key issues and solutions
Jukka Pirttilä, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Taxation, and public sector matters more generally, are high on the agenda for the international development community. This is clearly reflected in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). SDG17 stipulates the need for improving domestic resource mobilization directly, and most of the other...

John Rand, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The structural changes of the economy have been a significant contributor to Vietnam’s impressive growth over the past 30 years. Labour has moved rapidly from agriculture into manufacturing, with important improvements in livelihoods as a result. The burgeoning private sector played a key...

– Actors, institutions and dynamics
Sam Hickey, Tom Lavers, Miguel Niño-Zarazúa, Jeremy Seekings - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Since the mid-1990s, there has been in Africa something of a ‘quiet revolution’ in poverty reduction strategies with the proliferation of social assistance programmes that entail cash transfers to the poor. The past two decades have also been characterized by a series of important...

Carlos Gradín, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

There is an increasing interest in the analysis of economic inequalities in least developed countries. This is not only the result of a general social preference for equality, but also the consequence of a growing sense that highly unequal societies may distort the functioning of a country...

– Key findings from an extensive survey
Sam Jones, Ricardo Santos, Gimelgo Xirinda - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This brief summarizes the findings and implications of a survey of the school-to-work transition by Mozambican university students. No research of this kind had previously been conducted. Over the course of a year and a half, university graduates were monitored in their transition to the labour...

– Making a case for universal social protection in Latin America
Santiago Levy - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

The 2019 WIDER Annual Lecture discusses the challenges of social protection in economies with large informal sectors, such as in Latin America. Making a critical distinction between social insurance and social assistance programmes — the former address risks which are common to all workers...

Jukka Pirttilä - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Social protection has attracted increasing interest in developing countries in recent decades and policies have been initiated in all developing regions. When countries build up their social protection systems, they need reliable information and tools on how the systems should be designed. They...

– Growth and beyond
Rachel M. Gisselquist, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

The questions of whether aid has impact and is effective have been the subject of considerable attention. This thematic issue brings together nine studies that speak to the diverse ways in which aid affects development outcomes including, but not limited to, growth. It takes stock of what we know...

Displaying 16 of 87 results.