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Publications (57)

Ricardo Santos - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Weak supply chains, both in quantity and quality, impose logistical challenges on Mozambican manufacturing firms. The Mozambican regulatory and legal environment continue to be perceived as a hurdle. Regulatory barriers hinder firm capacity to export. Access to credit remains...

Ricardo Santos - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Firms that survived the economic downturn adopted restrictive human resources management, reducing the workforce and making it more flexible, which in turn made employment more vulnerable. In 2017, manufacturing sector leadership appears both more satisfied and more inclined to support...

– What is known and where are the knowledge gaps?
Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Under the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) remarkably progress has been made on health issues. Globally, under-five mortality rate has decreased by 56%, from an estimated rate of 93 deaths per 1000 live births in 1990 to 41 deaths per 1000 live births in 2016. To build health-care systems that...

Channing Arndt, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

The importance of reducing poverty is universally acknowledged, and represents an important part of the Sustainable Development Goals. However, the appropriate measurement of poverty and wellbeing remains complex and controversial. A UNU-WIDER study addresses means to significantly lower the...

– The latest evidence on the effectiveness of ODA
Tony Addison, Finn Tarp, Oliver Morrissey - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

The death of aid has often been declared, and private capital flows as well as earnings from natural resources now far exceed official development assistance (ODA) in aggregate. However, the recent and sharp downturn in resource earnings, the ability of ODA to fund public goods that private...

Channing Arndt, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Development aid by itself cannot ‘save the planet’. Yet, development aid and institutions have the potential to remain important catalytic actors in achieving developmental and global environmental objectives. Developing countries must be crucial players in successful climate change...

Channing Arndt, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

In broad terms, the climate challenge is relatively straightforward. Global average temperatures are rising because of anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases. Continuation of current levels of emissions or (worse) continued growth in emissions throughout the twenty-first century could result...

– Four lessons for Africa
John Page, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Industrial policy has finally moved away from the arid debate on ‘picking winners’ versus ‘levelling the playing field’. Today, there is growing understanding that the market imperfections on which the theoretical arguments for industrial policy rest are pervasive,...

– Three challenges limiting the potential for inclusive growth
Haroon Bhorat, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Historically, the African continent has been largely dismissed as a case of regional economic delinquency, with the levels of growth necessary to reduce poverty and inequality deemed to be consistently unattainable. In the last decade, however, significantly higher levels of...

– The case of Viet Nam
Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

The quality and availability of data has become an international priority highlighted by the call for a data revolution in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Researchers and policy makers have responded to this call in the Vietnamese context through the Viet Nam Access to Resources...

Ricardo Santos, Vincenzo Salvucci - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Poverty is a multidimensional phenomenon involving things other than consumption — such as access to and quality of health and education, housing, possession of durable goods, freedom, and many other factors. The consumption and multidimensional poverty approaches are complementary: it is...

Rachel M. Gisselquist - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Development assistance to fragile states and conflict-affected areas is a core component of peacebuilding. It includes support for the restoration of core government functions, delivery of basic services, the rule of law, and economic revitalization. Yet, while aid has been among the largest...

– Significant progress but challenges remain
Ricardo Santos, Vincenzo Salvucci - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, Finland

In 1990, Mozambique was one of the poorest countries in the world, with poverty estimated to reach 80% of the total population. At that stage, a Millennium Development Goal of reducing this proportion by half posed a very difficult target to meet. After the ‘war of destabilization’ in...

Rachel M. Gisselquist, Miguel Niño-Zarazúa - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, Finland

Experimental studies using randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are a powerful tool in policy analysis. They have been sometimes hailed as the best means of identifying ‘what works’ in development policy. However, it would be unwise to rely solely on findings from RCTs to guide policy...

– The challenge of industrialization
Carol Newman, John Page, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, Finland

International goals and Africa’s aspirations The international community has a new set of development goals, and they reflect Africa’s aspirations much more closely than the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) they replaced. Their single most important contribution is to recognize...

– How to support effective, accountable, and inclusive institutions for sustainable development?
Rachel M. Gisselquist, Danielle Resnick - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, Finland

Aiding government effectiveness in developing countries has been a priority issue for the international donor community since the 1990s. With the Paris Declaration in 1994, donors further committed to aiding government effectiveness in a manner consistent with local ownership and harmonization...

Displaying 16 of 57 results.