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Publications (178)

UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Small firms are more sensitive to changes in interest rates. Small firms which are financially constrained, and have relatively weaker balance sheets and idiosyncratic risks, also face a higher cost of capital from external sources On average, a one percentage point increase in interest...

UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Regional integration in Africa has potential for increasing regional trade and contribute towards industrialization and economic development. Agro-processing trade offers numerous opportunities for southern Africa countries and is a potential area of business to reduce poverty in the region....

UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

It is important to understand how working conditions faced by workers in Vietnamese SMEs affect levels of compensation. This is salient given the scope of SMEs in Vietnam — they contribute to approximately 45% of the country’s GDP and 60% of its employment. There are no clearly...

– SMEs and access to credit
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

During the last three decades Vietnam has undergone a considerable economic transformation. However, little research has considered the role that financial reform has played in the development of small and medium size enterprises (SMEs). A focus on the financing of SMEs is of particular...

UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Much work has been done on inequality in South Africa, but to date the literature that assesses the dynamic response of income or wealth distribution to economic policy actions is almost non-existent. This information gap is caused by data shortcomings that make it difficult to provide accurate...

– What kind of firms employ young people in South Africa?
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

According to South Africa’s National Development Plan Vision 2030, serious action needs to be taken to reduce poverty and encourage economic growth. One of the main challenges involves reducing the unemployment rates in South Africa, particularly among youth. In South Africa, young...

– The impact on equality in South Africa
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The impact of medical deductions and medical credits on income inequality is a subject of discussion in South Africa, as well as in many other countries, raising critical questions about the fairness of the medical tax system and the impact on affordability for the poor. An in-depth analysis of...

UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The transformation of Asia’s education and health systems over the last 50 years has been breathtaking and unprecedented in human history. There are some central features of this transformation that clearly stand out. Over the last 50 years, all Asian countries have been able to...

– Transnational growth corridors as a solution
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Comprehensive harmonization is crucial to eliminate inefficiencies that hamper free movement of goods and services in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region. Territorial collaboration between metropolitan clusters and rural areas connected by transport corridors is a potential...

– What are the challenges?
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Diversifying the agricultural production in sub-Saharan Africa is important for the combat against poverty and climate change. In Malawi there are plans for legalizing the cultivation of industrial hemp, which would at best bring possibilities for Malawi and South Africa to complement each other...

UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Special economic zones (SEZ) in Africa are generally regarded as underperforming relative to their peers in the rest of the world. To explain this underperformance and to support success in the future it is important to analyse the key features and what is lacking in the design of African special...

– Can foreign direct investment help South Africa increase the complexity of its exports?
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Since the end of apartheid, South Africa’s economic challenges have disrupted efforts to establish a society of inclusive growth and prosperity. Understanding how South Africa can break the pattern of sluggish growth, high unemployment, inequality and poverty is a pressing policy issue....

– A pathway to effective tax collection in South Africa
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Many governments, particularly those in developing countries, have set an objective to improve tax revenue mobilization to offer more and better public services to their citizens. To develop effective revenue-raising strategies it is necessary to determine whether there is a tax revenue gap and...

– A snapshot of Mozambique in 2015–2018
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

After decades of war and conflict, Mozambique and its economy experienced a strong recovery from the 1990s into the 2000s. However, between 2015 and 2018 multiple crises unfolded in Mozambique — the economic crisis and the scandal of hidden debt, severe weather shocks, and increasing...

UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Given the weight of micro, small, and medium size enterprises (MSMEs) in total employment in Vietnam, and because the long-awaited development process is occurring through productivity gains, there is value in understanding the mechanisms that foster or limit their expansion. In particular there...

UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Over the last 50 years, Asia has emerged as the most important laboratory for understanding the roots of state effectiveness and the consequences of different modes of state action for delivering enhanced wellbeing. While in the mid-twentieth century social science researchers were focused on...

Displaying 16 of 178 results.