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Publications (186)

– Does it make a difference?
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

How could countries in the Global South develop their tax systems further and improve compliance? This analysis shows how two tax administration interventions impacted the number of small business taxpayers and presumptive tax revenues in Uganda. One-stop-shops — where citizens could...

UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

What was the impact on earnings of the economic crisis caused by the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in Ecuador? To what extent did social assistance programmes compensate household income losses? ECUAMOD, the tax-benefit microsimulation model for Ecuador, helps to assess the distributional...

UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Even though poverty and inequality have been of overriding concern in South Africa’s development policies and programmes since its democratization in 1994, measures of poverty, inequality, and related phenomena in the country do not show a clear improvement. In some important respects, they...

UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The two primary features of a job are its wage and how long it lasts. Today, there is an extensive literature on wages in the developing world thanks to the expansion of national household survey data. However, far less work has been conducted on job duration in these countries, primarily due to...

– Natural gas as a key
UNU-WIDER - , 2020

Plastics are universal and integrated into different sectors of the economy. Industrial policy requires countries to look at moving up the value chain and producing progressively more sophisticated products to contribute to improved economic development. The input materials that are used for...

– Blueprint, experiences, and outcomes
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

East Asia’s successful experience in accelerating the process of industrial development with SEZs paved way for the use of SEZs as policy instruments in Africa. In southern Africa, Zambia and South Africa instituted SEZs in legal and institutional frameworks in the 2000s as mechanisms for...

– Promises and pitfalls of tradable services in Africa
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

There is growing recognition around the world that tradable services can play a valuable role in economic development. Africa is no exception, with the need for multiple routes to growth, particularly vis-à-vis the COVID-19 pandemic. Tradable services — business activities that...

– The distribution of household wealth in South Africa
Aroop Chatterjee, Léo Czajka, Amory Gethin - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

South Africa is, by most contemporary measures, the most unequal country in the world. Yet, relatively little attention has been given to country’s wealth inequality. It is crucial to accurately measure the concentration of wealth inequality over time, identify the root causes of the...

UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Monetary policy affects the real economy through various channels, including the interest rate, exchange rate, credit, and asset price channels. The credit channel has recently received considerable attention. Small firms are more sensitive to changes in interest rates. Small firms which...

UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Regional integration in Africa has potential for increasing regional trade and contribute towards industrialization and economic development. Agro-processing trade offers numerous opportunities for southern Africa countries and is a potential area of business to reduce poverty in the region....

UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

It is important to understand how working conditions faced by workers in Vietnamese SMEs affect levels of compensation. This is salient given the scope of SMEs in Vietnam — they contribute to approximately 45% of the country’s GDP and 60% of its employment. There are no clearly...

– SMEs and access to credit
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

During the last three decades Vietnam has undergone a considerable economic transformation. However, little research has considered the role that financial reform has played in the development of small and medium size enterprises (SMEs). A focus on the financing of SMEs is of particular...

UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Much work has been done on inequality in South Africa, but to date the literature that assesses the dynamic response of income or wealth distribution to economic policy actions is almost non-existent. This information gap is caused by data shortcomings that make it difficult to provide accurate...

– What kind of firms employ young people in South Africa?
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

According to South Africa’s National Development Plan Vision 2030, serious action needs to be taken to reduce poverty and encourage economic growth. One of the main challenges involves reducing the unemployment rates in South Africa, particularly among youth. In South Africa, young...

– The impact on equality in South Africa
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The impact of medical deductions and medical credits on income inequality is a subject of discussion in South Africa, as well as in many other countries, raising critical questions about the fairness of the medical tax system and the impact on affordability for the poor. An in-depth analysis of...

UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The transformation of Asia’s education and health systems over the last 50 years has been breathtaking and unprecedented in human history. There are some central features of this transformation that clearly stand out. Over the last 50 years, all Asian countries have been able to...

Displaying 16 of 186 results.