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Publications (128)

Research Brief pdf
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, Finland

Transport and logistical efficiencies are critical factors in the competitiveness of regional value producers. The relatively high cost of regional transport in Southern Africa has impacted suppliers’ cost-competitiveness. Reducing the cost of bringing products into main markets is one way...

Research Brief pdf
– The importance of mitigating emissions
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, Finland

More intense climate changes are expected in South Africa if GHG emissions are not constrained. Increased GHG emissions are likely to result in increases in average annual surface temperatures and higher evaporation rates. Average precipitation levels across South Africa are...

Research Brief pdf
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, Finland

 The demand for irrigation is likely to increase in South Africa as a result of increased temperatures and evaporation rates. Rain-fed agricultural crops are likely to experience a decline in average annual yields. This is particularly the case for maize and wheat, which are staple...

Research Brief pdf
– The animal-feed-to-poultry value chain
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, Finland

15-20% of local demand for poultry in South Africa is met by imports Evidence from Zambia suggests that capital investments in the value chain can increase local production Increased demand due to growing urban populations poses critical challenges for local industrialization in...

Research Brief pdf
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, Finland

Climate change risks for run-off and irrigation demand vary significantly across South Africa, with some regions expected to experience increased drying and others flooding Smaller impacts on water resources by 2050 are expected if global emissions are mitigated Even under strong...

Research Brief pdf
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, Finland

Supermarkets are potential partners in regional industrial development and should be considered in future policy making While the growth of supermarkets in the region has improved competitive pricing and accessibility to a broader range of products and services, it has also imposed...

Research Brief pdf
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, Finland

While South Africa’s democratic transition precipitated a period of growth, this growth was not inclusive and both poverty and inequality remain high A significant trend in the South African labour market has been the rising share of workers in the public sector High levels of...

Research Brief pdf
UNU -WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2015 - Helsinki, Finland

In response to the food price hike during 2007-08 the government of Bangladesh undertook a number of initiatives to promote agricultural development, including: a subsidy on fertilizer endowment funds for agricultural research and development cash...

Research Brief pdf
UNU -WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2015 - Helsinki, Finland

China’s response to the food price crisis of 2007-08 was rapid, decisive, and effective Policy response focused on stabilizing domestic food prices and ensuring national food security China’s domestic grain price increased only moderately during the crisis While...

Research Brief pdf
UNU -WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2015 - Helsinki, Finland

Despite the potential of the food price crisis to undermine social inclusion—an important priority in Brazil—the government’s reaction was fairly muted Rising food prices did reduce household welfare, hitting the poorest the hardest. However the compensating effect...

Research Brief pdf
UNU -WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2015 - Helsinki, Finland

In response to the food crisis of 2007-08 the Egyptian government rapidly took steps to make sure bread continued to be available and made changes to trade policy in order to control its price. The government succeeded in lessening the impact of the food crisis on the poor, but this...

Research Brief pdf
– How much are we willing to allow top earners to squeeze the poor?
UNU -WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2015 - Helsinki, Finland

The majority of income inequality occurs at the tails of the income distribution  The Gini coefficient does not provide a representative measure of income inequality When the top 10% of income earners expand their share of national income it often appears to be to the...

Research Brief pdf
– Determining the impact of rising food prices
UNU -WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2015 - Helsinki, Finland

Moderate and severe underweight prevalence in children in Mozambique is significantly influenced by food price inflation  High food price inflation during the food price shock of 2008-09 may be responsible for an additional 39,000 moderately underweight and 24,000 severely...

Research Brief pdf
– growth without poverty reduction
UNU -WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2015 - Helsinki, Finland

Burkina Faso has experienced consistent aggregate growth over the past two decades, but that growth has not been transformed into significant poverty reduction Poverty is considerably higher in rural than urban areas The main causes of poverty are the lack of rural productivity...

Research Brief pdf
UNU -WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2015 - Helsinki, Finland

There is significant evidence of productivity spillovers associated with the clustering of informal firms in Cambodia Formal and manufacturing firms, however, do not experience the advantages of agglomeration economies due to pressure from direct competitors Benefits derived...

Research Brief pdf
UNU -WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2015 - Helsinki, Finland

Tunisian firms often choose to locate near each other in Central Business Districts (CBDs) in coastal areas where there is high local demand More than 83% of industrial firms are located on the country’s coast, with nearly 40% of these located in either the Tunis governorate or...

Displaying 16 of 128 results.