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Publications (3144)

Working Paper pdf
– New evidence from list experiments in three conflict-affected populations
Carlo Koos, Richard Traunmüller - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Wartime sexual violence is widespread across conflict zones and thought to leave a disastrous legacy for survivors, communities, and nations. Yet, systematic studies on i) the prevalence and ii) the social and political consequences of wartime sexual violence are fraught with severe data...

Working Paper pdf
Michael Kilumelume, Bruno Morando, Carol Newman, John Rand - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Extractive industries form an important part of the economy for many developing countries, but their impact on growth and welfare remains understudied. With global efforts to transition to net-zero carbon emissions in the coming decades, understanding the local impacts of the extractives...

Working Paper pdf
Petr Janský, Tereza Palanská, Miroslav Palanský - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Excessive financial secrecy facilitates illicit financial flows, which constitute a major developmental challenge for low-income economies and cause significant tax revenue losses for governments around the world. In this paper we estimate the semi-elasticity of cross-border financial assets...

Working Paper pdf
Maureen Were, Kethi Ngoka - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

We examine the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on Kenya’s foreign trade using quarterly trade data for the period 2019 to the second quarter of 2021. The exploratory analysis shows that growth of Kenya’s merchandise exports remained resilient, largely supported by traditional...

Working Paper pdf
– From learning to doing
Rute Martins Caeiro - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper analyses the pathways of technology diffusion through social networks, following the experimental introduction of new technologies in Guinea-Bissau. In the context of an agricultural extension project, we document both the direct effects of this intervention and subsequent diffusion...

Working Paper pdf
Markus Jäntti, Milly Isingoma Nalukwago, Ronald Waiswa - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

We use income data from tax registers at the Uganda Revenue Authority from 2011 to 2017 to estimate top income inequality, focusing on the very top—the top 1, 0.1, and 0.01 per cent of the income distribution. The focus on the extreme top is facilitated by access to population data on...

Working Paper pdf
Enea Baselgia, Reto Foellmi - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

What is the relationship between inequality and growth? This question has occupied and fascinated social scientists for more than a century. This article critically reviews the recent empirical and theoretical literature on the complex interplay between inequality and economic growth....

Working Paper pdf
Antonio Savoia, Kunal Sen, Abrams M.E. Tagem - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

We argue that tax revenues and political institutions placing constraints on the executive power may reinforce each other over time and so co-evolve in the long run. This may also bring a shift in the composition of revenues, from taxes levied on a narrow base to broadly levied taxes. To test...

Working Paper pdf
– South Africa (2007–2020)
Ricardo Hausmann, Federico Sturzenegger, Patricio Goldstein, Frank Muci, Douglas Barrios - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This study analyses the performance of macroeconomic policy in South Africa in 2007–2020 and outlines challenges for policy in the coming decade. After remarkable economic growth in 1997–07, South Africa’s progress slowed dramatically in 2009 with the global financial crisis...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from Colombia
Margarita Gáfaro, Ana María Ibáñez, Patricia Justino - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper investigates how armed groups affect the organization of local communities during armed conflict in Colombia. We estimate the effect of communities’ exposure to armed groups with an econometric specification that takes into account individual and municipality-year fixed...

Working Paper pdf
Annalena Oppel, Kyle McNabb, Daniel Chachu - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

We utilize the recently updated UNU-WIDER Government Revenue Dataset, which covers key indicators on tax and non-tax revenues for 196 countries since the 1980s, to study the dynamics of government revenue tax collection across selected periods from 1985 up to the most recent available year (2019...

Working Paper pdf
Ninon Moreau-Kastler, Farid Toubal - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

We show that legal opacity is a strong factor in drug trafficking. We develop a new framework that illustrates how legal opacity influences countries’ seizure rates. Legal opacity reduces the detection of illicit flows and increases their volumes because it lowers trafficking costs. We...

Working Paper pdf
Phi Hong Su, Hameed Hakimi - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

In a 2017 UNU-WIDER project, ‘Forced migration and inequality’, one of us collaborated on a comparison of Afghan and Vietnamese refugee resettlement across four Western countries. In the light of the Taliban return to power in August 2021, we revisit the contributions of the Journal...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from multiple policy shifts in Chile
Sonia Bhalotra, Emilia Brito, Damian Clarke, Pilar Larroulet, Francisco J. Pino - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

We leverage staggered implementation of lockdown across Chile’s 346 municipalities, identifying dynamic impacts on domestic violence. Using administrative data, we find lockdown imposition increases indicators of distress related to domestic violence, while decreasing domestic violence...

Working Paper pdf
Merima Ali, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

The paper examines the legacy of pre-colonial centralization on tax compliance norms of citizens in contemporary Uganda. By combining geo-referenced anthropological data on pre-colonial ethnic homelands with survey data from several rounds of the Afrobarometer Survey, respondents from the...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from Ecuadorian transaction data
Jakob Brounstein - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This study leverages a unique data set on the universe of transactions exiting the Ecuadorian economy to estimate the tax-price elasticity of demand for tax-sheltering activities using offshore fiscal havens. I determine this elasticity quasi-experimentally by comparing the evolution in funds...

Displaying 16 of 3144 results.