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Ronald Findlay - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper studies the political and economic evolution of trade and international relations of the nations and regions of Asia between themselves and the rest of the world over the past millennium, paying particular attention to: the Pax Mongolica and overland trade during the Middle Ages; the...

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Tony Addison - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

The extractives industries must adjust their operations to shifting patterns of demand for oil, natural gas, and coal together with metals and minerals – as policies and new technologies encourage progress along low-carbon pathways in energy, transportation and construction to combat...

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Arden Finn, Murray Leibbrandt - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

In this paper we identify some of the drivers of changes in the distribution of earnings and earnings inequality in the South African labour market between 2000 and 2014. Although the overall level of earnings inequality between 2000 and 2011 was high and relatively stable, there were...

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– Assessment using administrative tax data
Stewart Ngandu, Carolyn Chisadza - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Through the use of administrative tax data, this study attempts to identify the characteristics of firms that employ relatively large numbers of young people. The policy objective of this exercise is to use these insights to inform policy and programming in the context of youth unemployment,...

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– A flexible value-added model with Tanzanian school switchers
Kasper Brandt - , 2018

This paper estimates a private school learning premium in Tanzania by implementing a flexible value-added model with unique administrative data on exam scores. The dataset covers 635,000 secondary school students with information on both their primary and lower secondary school exam records,...

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Neda Trifković - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the scope for international private standards to play a role in reducing business risk. Business risk is measured as variability in revenue, customer base, informal payments, and temporary firm closure. The results show lower levels of business risk...

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Mashekwa Maboshe, Ingrid Woolard - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper uses a recent household survey and the CEQ framework to revisit and extend previous research on the impact of fiscal policy on income redistribution, and poverty in South Africa. We find, in accordance with previous research, that direct taxes and cash transfers are overall...

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– A behavioural, stewardship, and institutional perspective
Tam Thanh Nguyen, Trinh Duc Chieu - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Slack resources are usually identified as an endogenous motivation for firms’ innovation. Still, it is crucial to assess the importance of slack in supporting innovation, especially in different institutional contexts. Therefore, the paper investigates the relationship by exploring a...

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– Evidence from Bangladesh
Christophe J. Nordman, Leopold Sarr, Smriti Sharma - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

We use a recent first-hand linked employer-employee survey covering the formal sector of Bangladesh to explain gender wage gaps by the inclusion of measures of cognitive attainment and personality traits. Our results show that cognitive skills have greater explanatory power than personality...

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– Evidence from Viet Nam
Marc F. Bellemare, Kenn Chua, Julieth Santamaria, Khoa Vu - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

In Viet Nam, all lands belong to the state, who assigns usufruct rights to those lands to individuals and households. In 1993, the state gave 20-year usufruct rights to growers of annual crops, and 50-year usufruct rights to growers of perennial crops. In 2013, as the usufruct rights of...

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– Investigating the qualitative–quantitative divide in Mozambique
Sam Jones, Inge Tvedten - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper reflects on the relationship between economic (quantitative) and anthropological (qualitative) approaches to the analysis of poverty in developing countries. Drawing on detailed evidence from Mozambique, we argue that different research approaches do not merely see the same poverty...

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Mulalo Mamburu - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

The growth of firms has been shown to have a meaningful impact on the health of firms and the economy in general. As the body of literature dedicated to understanding high-growth firms has expanded, an interest in the persistence of growth has become even more relevant. This is because...

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– Benefits for town and country?
Clive Bell - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Do urban agglomeration economies enhance the social profitability of rural roads? When all goods are traded at parametric world prices, lower transport costs benefit villagers. Urban activities and welfare are unaffected if labour is immobile, but their levels fall when rural workers move freely...

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Christophe J. Nordman, Smriti Sharma - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Using matched worker-firm data from three waves of the Viet Nam Small and Medium Enterprises data, we examine whether workers are compensated with higher wages for working in vulnerable jobs and unfavourable working conditions. Wage equations indicate that there are no clear compensating...

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– Evidence from Vietnamese SMEs
Nina Torm - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

In the absence of adequate institutional mechanisms, trade unions can potentially promote higher wages and other worker benefits, yet limited data availability means little is known about the effect unions have on individual earnings in developing economies. Using matched employer–...

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Carla Canelas, Rachel M. Gisselquist - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

A considerable body of research suggests that horizontal inequality between ethnic groups has major socioeconomic implications, in particular for peace and economic development. Much of this work focuses on horizontal inequality as an independent causal variable, rather than an outcome of various...

Displaying 16 of 2539 results.