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Publications (3104)

Working Paper pdf
– A descriptive analysis
Sergio Firpo, Alysson Portella, Flavio Riva, Giovanna Úbida - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

In this paper we use different sources of data on job task content to investigate the importance of occupations and the intensity of routine tasks embodied in them in explaining changes in employment and earnings in Brazil, in particular their relation with earnings and polarization, and...

Working Paper pdf
Abrams M.E. Tagem, Oliver Morrissey - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

There is limited research on the underlying institutional framework of tax policy and capacity: how tax collection efficiency changes over time and the importance of institutional factors in this process. This paper fills this gap by devising a measure of tax capacity distinct from commonly...

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– A reflection of practices, policies, and legislation
William Amos Pallangyo - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper assesses the participation of female traders, safety factors, and existing policies and legislation in the informal sector in Tanzania. Primary data were obtained from 11 in-depth interviews, 10 focused group discussions, and 236 structured questionnaires. The primary data were...

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Neil McCulloch, Davide Natalini, Naomi Hossain, Patricia Justino - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Between 2005 and 2018, 41 countries had at least one riot directly associated with popular demand for fuel. We make use of a new international dataset on fuel riots to explore the effects of fuel prices and price regimes on fuel riots. In line with prior expectations, we find that large...

Working Paper pdf
– Urban-to-rural labour transitions from the factory to the informal economy
Alessandra Mezzadri, Kaustav Banerjee - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

The COVID-19 pandemic has escalated processes of labour transition from industrial work to the informal economy, which have always characterized the life of the working poor. Exploring urban-to-rural labour transitions through a feminist political economy lens and adopting a life-cycle...

Working Paper pdf
Nandera Ernest Mhando, Nasibu Rajabu Mramba - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

In this paper, we investigate the working conditions of the young women working as assistants in the food vending sector in Tanzania using interviews and focus group discussions which are supplemented with quantitative survey. Data were collected in the municipalities of Nyamagana and Ilemela...

Working Paper pdf
– A narrative analysis
Tumisang Loate, Romain Houssa, Nicola Viegi - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper analyses the macroeconomic effect of legislated personal income tax changes in South Africa over the 1996–2019 period. We identify personal income tax shocks using a narrative approach and incorporate these shocks in a proxySVAR model. Our analysis shows that permanent changes...

Working Paper pdf
– How infrastructure contracts fund vote-buying
Alisha Holland, Will Freeman - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Where does the money come from to buy votes? We argue that an important source of funds for vote-buying comes from ‘contract clientelism’, or the provision of public contracts to private firms in exchange for campaign donations. Using quantitative data on Colombian infrastructure...

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– Evidence from global microdata
Maria C. Lo Bue, Tu Thi Ngoc Le, Manuel Santos Silva, Kunal Sen - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper investigates gender inequality in vulnerable employment: forms of employment typically featuring high precariousness, inadequate earnings, and lack of decent working conditions. Using a large collection of harmonized household surveys from developing countries, we measure long-term...

Working Paper pdf
Steven I. Wilkinson - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper argues that new computer, smartphone, and universal ID technologies are reducing the incentives for political clientelism in the delivery of social programmes in India, especially by allowing party leaders to bypass local brokers to credit-claim for better service delivery and allowing...

Working Paper pdf
Hylton Hollander - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Debt-financed fiscal stimulus programmes directly stimulate aggregate demand through government expenditure or tax cuts, but their effectiveness is highly dependent on direct crowding out of private sector expenditure, spillover effects to the private sector through a higher risk premium on...

Working Paper pdf
Mick Moore - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

There is a widespread perception that taxing in sub-Saharan Africa has been and remains fraught with problems or government failure. This is not generally true. For more than a century, colonial administrations and independent states have steadily developed the capacity to routinely collect more...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from Tanzania
Amina Ebrahim, Elineema Kisanga, Ezekiel Swema, Vincent Leyaro, Edwin P. Mhede, Ephraim Mdee, Heikki Palviainen, Jukka Pirttilä - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

While technical assistance and increased use of ICT in the area of tax administration have been regarded to hold considerable promise for greater revenue collection, the evidence on how these activities work in the real-world circumstances of developing countries is scant. The paper attempts...

Working Paper pdf
Rosa Abraham, Rahul Lahoti, Hema Swaminathan - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

The impact of childbirth on women’s employment has been discussed extensively in the context of developed countries. Constraints on mothers’ labour market participation and consequent fall in earnings are characterized as the ‘motherhood penalty’. This phenomenon is...

Working Paper pdf
Jesse Lastunen, Pia Rattenhuber, Kwabena Adu-Ababio, Katrin Gasior, H. Xavier Jara, Maria Jouste, David McLennan, Enrico Nichelatti, Rodrigo C. Oliveira, Jukka Pirttilä, Matteo Richiardi, Gemma Wright - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper analyses the distributional effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and related tax-benefit measures in 2020 in a cross-country comparative perspective for five African countries: Ghana, Mozambique, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia. We first estimate the impact of the crisis on disposable...

Working Paper pdf
– From Harambee to the Constituency Development Fund
Ken Ochieng' Opalo - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Why does clientelism persist? What determines how politicians signal responsiveness or fulfil their campaign promises? Existing works assume that politicians choose the most successful means of winning votes—either through targeted patronage/clientelism or programmatic policies. However...

Displaying 16 of 3104 results.