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Publications (3049)

Working Paper pdf
Rachel M. Gisselquist, Andrea Vaccaro - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

We expect effective state institutions to matter in a country’s ability to respond to crises. Yet notably in the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic, what has stood out in simple global snapshots is that wealthier countries with stronger institutions have had the highest numbers of cases...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from Morocco
Olivier Bargain, Maria C. Lo Bue - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

The present paper sheds new light on the growth implications of gender inequalities in the Moroccan labour market. We confront two different approaches. The first one is based on firm data to estimate gender complementarity in production and uses this information for simulations based on a...

Working Paper pdf
– The role of trade credit
Isaac Marcelin, Daniel Brink, Wei Sun - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

We study the role of trade credit in enhancing the resilience of financially constrained firms from 2010 to 2017. Implicit borrowing in trade finance allows financially constrained firms to bridge the financing gap, expand employment by 8.26 per cent, and increase average firm profits...

Working Paper pdf
– An impulse response analysis by local projections for South Africa
Serena Merrino - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

The aim of this paper is to assess South Africa’s fiscal multiplier across different states of the economy, with a focus on the financial accelerator mechanism of fiscal policy shocks, by estimating impulse response functions from both linear and non-linear local projections. The model...

Working Paper pdf
– Insights from inequality research
Klarizze Anne Martin Puzon, Rachel M. Gisselquist - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Using illustrations from research on inequality, this paper offers evidence on the strengths of ‘behavioural synthesis’, i.e. the reconciliation between neoclassical and behavioural economics. We compare how theoretical models of absolute and relative inequality have evolved from...

Working Paper pdf
– When ‘good’ is not enough
Daniel Chachu - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Developing countries that experience commodity booms struggle to mobilize sustainable tax revenues. Emerging literature on the subject notwithstanding, there is limited exploration of the specific types of institutions critical for improving fiscal capacity in resource-rich contexts. This...

Working Paper pdf
– Examining the role of conventional banks in deepening access to formal credit
Abdul Malik Iddrisu, Michael Danquah - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Using a unique district-level panel dataset, we investigate the effect of banking system penetration on financial inclusion in Ghana. To purge potential endogeneity bias in the underlying relationship, we exploit a change in the policy environment of the Ghanaian banking system to instrument for...

Working Paper pdf
– A social preference experiment in Mindoro, Philippines
Imelda Revilla Molina, Katelyn Castillo, Klarizze Anne Martin Puzon - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper presents a framed field experiment on ecological altruism in Mindoro, Philippines. Behavioural differences between ethnic groups in Mindoro—the Tagalogs and the Mangyans—were investigated. We designed a two-part donation task (i.e. dictator game) where the recipient of the...

Working Paper pdf
Naser Yenus Nuru, Hayelom Yrgaw Gereziher - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This study investigates the impacts of public expenditure innovations on exchange rate volatility in South Africa using quarterly data for the period 1970–2019. To achieve this objective, a version of the vector autoregressive impulse response model proposed by Jordà is employed...

Working Paper pdf
– A study of the interactions between formal- and informal-sector firms
Ajit Mishra - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

We consider two vertical links between informal- and formal-sector firms and study their implications. In one case, the final products produced by the formal- and informal-sector firms are vertically differentiated in terms of quality, and the size of the informal sector demand is related to the...

Working Paper pdf
Olivier Bargain, Maria C. Lo Bue, Flaviana Palmisano - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

We suggest a simple and flexible criterion to assess inter-generational mobility. It accommodates different types of outcomes (continuous outcomes such as potential earnings, or discrete ones such as education groups) and captures dynastic improvements of such outcomes at different points of the...

Working Paper pdf
– A mixed-methods analysis of gender and labour market segmentation in Bangladesh
Naila Kabeer, Lopita Huq, Muhammad Mahabub Rahaman - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Data on female labour force participation in Bangladesh suggest that, despite the increase in female-intensive employment opportunities through microfinance, export garment manufacturing, and community-based services, the majority of working women are concentrated in home-based activities....

Working Paper pdf
Helen Barnes, Gabriel Espi-Sanchis, Murray Leibbrandt, David McLennan, Michael Noble, Jukka Pirttilä, Wynnona Steyn, Brenton van Vrede, Gemma Wright - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper explores the impact of the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in South Africa on income poverty and inequality in South Africa. Using a static tax–benefit microsimulation model with input datasets that were adjusted to reflect people’s earned incomes just before the...

Working Paper pdf
– Implications for the AfCFTA
Kudzai Mataba, Faizel Ismail - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

COVID-19 has created a trade crisis in Southern Africa, with a dramatic slowdown in cross-border trade. The crisis, which exposed weaknesses and deficiencies in the trade facilitation regimes, presents an opportunity for the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) to address and contribute...

Working Paper pdf
– Are there gender differences in Ghana?
Priscilla Twumasi Baffour, Festus Ebo Turkson, Ibrahim Mohammed, Wassiuw Abdul Rahaman - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Historically, the issue of intergenerational evolution of income, wealth, and socioeconomic status has been the subject of considerable research in the analysis of inequality. Such intergenerational linkages are anticipated to come from two sources: first, the inheritance of innate abilities and...

Working Paper pdf
Farzana Afridi, Amrita Dhillon, Sanchari Roy - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper studies the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on the gendered dimensions of employment and mental health among urban informal-sector workers in India. First, we find that men’s employment declined by 84 percentage points post-pandemic relative to pre-pandemic, while their monthly...

Displaying 16 of 3049 results.