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Publications (2303)

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– A portrait of capacity and competition in various market segments
Heinrich C. Bofinger - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Sub-Saharan Africa’s air transport, though low in overall volume when compared to other regions in the world, has experienced significant growth in the last decade, both in international and domestic traffic. The sector, in part because of its relatively small size, still faces the...

Working Paper pdf
– Patterns, causes and implications
Adrian Wood - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

在1985-2015 年期间,全球化加深了与要素禀赋相关的部门专门化模式。在技术 力量充足的发达国家,制造业变得更为技术密集化。在土地稀缺的东亚发展中国家, 尤其是中国,劳动密集型的制造业得到扩张。在土地充足的发展中地区,制造业却陷 入停滞甚至衰退;然而,在土地稀缺的南亚地区,制造业的发展受到低识字率、薄弱 基础设施的拖累。在大多数国家,服务部门在产出和就业中所占的比重增加,但主要 原因却并非全球化。未来数十年部门结构的变化受到许多不确定性的影响,但大体趋 势会继续由各国土地存量和技术供给之间的差异来塑造。 Resources Statistical ...

Working Paper pdf
– Exploring the relationship using new data
Armin von Schiller - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper explores the effect of party system institutionalization on the reliance of tax systems on the personal income tax. As a first step, the paper re-examines the relationship between party system institutionalization and taxation patterns employing the recently launched Government Revenue...

Working Paper pdf
– Opening markets to create opportunities
Bernard Hoekman - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper reviews the role of services in development and growth, the potential role of trade in services as a driver of the productivity performance of sectors that use services as inputs, and the links between services policies and domestic trade costs. Barriers to trade in services have...

Working Paper pdf
– Lessons from Nigeria and Ghana
Joanna Buckley, Neil McCulloch, Nick Travis - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Donor interest in the extractives sector is based upon the premise that it represents an opportunity to improve a country’s development prospects. However, in many cases the presence of extractive resources is associated with poor economic performance. As a result, some donors are trying a...

Working Paper pdf
Catherine Macdonald - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

A major challenge for almost all extractives activity is that benefits accrue predominantly at the national level while disruptions are invariably highly localized close to the resource. Recently, extractives companies have intensified efforts to correct this imbalance. The aim of this paper is...

Working Paper pdf
– Implications on suppliers in Botswana and South Africa
Reena das Nair, Shingie Chisoro - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper explores the effect of the spread of supermarkets on the participation of suppliers in supermarket value chains in Botswana and South Africa. Using secondary data and in-depth interviews with key players in the value chain, the paper evaluates the buyer power of supermarkets evidenced...

Working Paper pdf
Haroon Bhorat, Morné Oosthuizen, Kezia Lilenstein, François Steenkamp - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Labour market analysis in the South African context provides a relatively robust understanding of the individual characteristics that influence wage differentials across workers (i.e. supply-side characteristics), but provides relatively little insight into the firm-level characteristics...

Working Paper pdf
Faaiqa Hartley, Dirk van Seventer, Paul C. Samboko, Channing Arndt - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

It is estimated that biofuel demand in South Africa will increase to 1,550 million litres by 2025 following the introduction of mandatory blending rates in 2014. Land and water constraints, however, limit domestic supply ability. Zambia, due to abundance of land, suitable climate, supportive...

Working Paper pdf
Nadia S. Ouedraogo - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper develops a scenario-based model to identify and provide an array of electricity demand in Africa, and to derive them from the African power system of development. A system-based approach is performed by applying the scenario methodology developed by Schwartz in the context of the...

Working Paper pdf
Evelyn Dietsche - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper reviews the political economy of extractive resources and the associated resources sector governance agenda. The consensus that good sector governance improves the developmental impacts of extractive resources exploitation is premised on the understanding that institutions matter for...

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– The evolution of the industry’s approach
Kathryn Tomlinson - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper provides an overview of social and environmental management practices in the oil and gas industry. It outlines the evolution of international oil companies’ approaches over the last 20 years, reviews what social and environmental management amongst such companies means in...

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– Re-evaluating what we know about extractives and economic development
Glada Lahn, Paul Stevens - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

In the context of falls in extractive commodities prices since 2011, this paper examines the history of thinking about the interplay between extractives and economic development. Just as ‘the resource curse’ fails as a generic explanation on account of the huge diversity in country...

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– Status inequality and vote choice in the Indian states
Pavithra Suryanarayan - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

What explains the popularity of right-wing parties amongst the poor? This paper argues that in hierarchical societies with high social-status inequality, poor high-status voters may ally with rich high-status voters if they believe their social-status is under threat. I demonstrate this in the...

Working Paper pdf
R. Anthony Hodge - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Since the early 1990s, at least 45 initiatives have been mounted to improve the environmental and social performance of the mining industry across the world. Many changes in the formal legal and regulatory systems have also been introduced. However, no systematic approach has been adopted to...

Working Paper pdf
– The case of Viet Nam
Dang Thi Thu Hoai - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper examines the issue of horizontal inequalities in Viet Nam over the past 20 years. Using data from three recent Viet Nam population censuses (1989, 1999, and 2009) and three Viet Nam Household Living Standard Surveys (1998, 2008, 2012), we estimated numerous measures on inequalities...

Displaying 16 of 2303 results.