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Publications (2494)

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– A micro perspective from Tigray, Ethiopia
Nigussie Abadi, Ataklti Techane, Girmay Tesfay, Daniel Maxwell, Bapu Vaitla - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

While the volume of remittances to developing countries has been growing significantly over the years, the impact of remittances on food security has not received much attention. To bridge the gap this paper has examined the impact of remittances on farm household’s food security status,...

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Rachel M. Gisselquist - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Legal empowerment has become widely accepted in development policy circles as an approach to addressing poverty and exclusion. At the same time, it has received relatively little attention from political scientists and sociologists working on overlapping and closely related topics. Research on...

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– Examples from South Africa, Singapore, and Bangladesh
Ingrid Palmary, Thea De Gruchy, Ali Ashraf, Koh Chiu Yee, Kellynn Wee, Charmian Goh, Brenda S.A. Yeoh - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

In this paper we consider four factors that shaped the development of migration policy intended to protect the rights of vulnerable migrant women. They are: the role players in the policy change process, the debates that shaped the policy change, the role that research played and the political...

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– The role of decentralization
Virgi Sari - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

We examine the evolution of educational assistance in Indonesia, following two decades of government decentralization, and its effect on education quality. Using Indonesia Family Life Survey data, we exploit as exogenous rule the variation in the implementation of government decentralization to...

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Carla Canelas, Miguel Niño-Zarazúa - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

In 2006, the Bolivian government introduced a large-scale cash transfer programme, Bono Juancito Pinto (BJP). Exploiting the exogenous variation of the programme expansion, this paper examines the impact of BJP on schooling and child labour. The analysis suggests that the transfer increases the...

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– Evidence from labour market panel surveys
Vladimir Hlasny, Shireen AlAzzawi - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

This study examines the effects of cross-border return migration on intertemporal and intergenerational transmission of socio-economic status across six new harmonized surveys from three Arab countries: Egypt (1998, 2006, 2012), Jordan (2010, 2016) and Tunisia (2014). We link individuals’...

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Sam Hickey, Tom Lavers, Miguel Niño-Zarazúa, Jeremy Seekings - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Social assistance programmes proliferated and expanded across much of the global South from the mid-1990s. Within Africa there has been enormous variation in this trend: some governments expanded coverage dramatically while others resisted this. The existing literature on social assistance, or...

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Angelika Goliger, Aalia Cassim - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Since the start of sharp electricity tariff increases in 2008, South African household demand for electricity has not been significantly affected. However, the combination of economic realities and ongoing electricity tariff increases will eventually compel households to reduce their electricity...

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– The impact of rising electricity tariffs on large firms in South Africa
Angelika Goliger, Landon McMillan - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

While much research has been done on the economic impacts of load-shedding in South Africa, fewer studies have focused on the effects of the rapidly rising electricity tariffs. The issue of tariff increases has now become even more critical, with technological developments making it easier and...

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– Evidence from Ghana’s District Assemblies Common Fund
Abel Fumey - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper examines the influence of political considerations on intergovernmental fiscal transfers in Ghana. The two-step system GMM approach was used to estimate transfers and elections data for 167 districts from 1994 to 2014. The analysis was country-wide and covers swing districts as well as...

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– Evidence from rural Pakistan
Xavier Giné, Salma Khalid, Ghazala Mansuri - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

We use a randomized community development programme in rural Pakistan to assess the impact of citizen engagement on public service delivery and maternal and child health outcomes. The programme had a strong focus on ensuring the participation of women. Women in the study villages had also...

Working Paper pdf
– The impact of state ineffectiveness and political violence
Ines A. Ferreira - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

The role of the state in promoting development is well established in the institutional economics literature. Yet, in recent decades the attention has been turned to the opposite side of the spectrum. Facing high levels of poverty and showing a slower progress in achieving development outcomes,...

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Marta Bengoa, Christopher Rick - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Access to social services in China is connected to a system of household registration (Hukou system) determined by place of origin with difficult geographical transferability. As a consequence, a vast majority of rural-to-urban migrants do not have access to public health services in urban...

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– The case of Progresa-Oportunidades-Prospera programme
Dragan Filipovich, Miguel Niño-Zarazúa, Alma Santillán Hernández - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

This study presents an analysis of the electoral impacts of one of the most prominent conditional cash transfers in the world: Mexico’s Progresa-Oportunidades-Prospera (POP) programme. Using population censuses, and POP’s administrative records and elections data, we exploit the...

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– Implications on gender inequalities within and across rural households
Cecilia Navarra - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper analyses the implication of contract farming on gender inequalities in rural Mozambique. Contract farming is often considered one of the major tools of agribusiness development: it broadly includes those arrangements under which producers commit to provide a pre-defined quantity of...

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– A view from the South
Hillel Rapoport - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Migration decisions affect those left-behind in ways that are partly taken into account by market forces (e.g., wage effects on labour markets) and for the most part these can be seen as pure externalities. Diasporas are an example of such an externality. This paper reviews the recent economic...

Displaying 16 of 2494 results.