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Publications (2442)

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John Rand - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Utilizing a panel of over 2,000 Vietnamese SMEs over a 10-year period, we analyse the importance of being politically connected on both access and cost-of-credit obtained from formal financial institutions. Controlling for unobserved time-invariant firm-level heterogeneity, productivity self-...

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– The intergenerational impact of China’s New Rural Pension Scheme
Jing You, Miguel Niño-Zarazúa - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

We examine the heterogeneous and dynamic impact of China’s New Rural Pension Scheme on intergenerational wealth dependence using a nationally representative longitudinal household survey covering the period 2011–13. We adopt an instrumental quantile regression–discontinuity...

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Kasper Brandt, Longinus Rutasitara, Onesmo Selejio, Neda Trifković - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper explores the link between entrepreneurship and child human capital development. We specifically examine how operating a non-farm enterprise (NFE) as opposed to working in agriculture relates to child labour and schooling outcomes. Accounting for time-invariant unobservable...

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Cecilia Navarra - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

The focus of this paper is the role played in rural contexts by contract farming agreements between smallholders and private investors. These contracts can take different forms, but in general are agreements under which producers commit to supply produce to a buyer firm. They are—at least...

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Rama Lionel Ngenzebuke, Yoko Akachi - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper delves into the relationship between child nutritional outcome and (multiple) female work status in Nigeria from a micro perspective. The child nutritional outcome is proxied by child weight-for-age. Female work includes wage employment outside the household, household on-farm...

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Sowmya Dhanaraj, Vidya Mahambare - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper investigates if residing in a joint family affects non-farm employment for married women in rural India. Our estimates based on a longitudinal survey of over 27000 women conducted in 2005 and 2012, and using the conditional logistic regression and instrumental variable approach suggest...

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– 1992–2015
John Scott, Enrique de la Rosa, Rodrigo Aranda - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper uses income and expenditure surveys from 1992 to 2014 and public tax and spending accounts to estimate the redistributive impact of Mexico’s fiscal system over this period. It presents standard and marginal benefit incidence analysis for the principal public transfers (education...

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– Evidence from a behavioural microsimulation model for Ghana
Robert Osei, Jukka Pirttilä, Pia Rattenhuber - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

A large informal sector is a challenge for developing countries building up social protection systems. Expanding social safety nets reduces poverty, but financing them can increase the tax burden, potentially reducing availability of formal sector jobs. This paper quantifies impacts on income...

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Vanesa Jorda, Miguel Niño-Zarazúa - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper provides a broad picture of national, regional and global trends of inequality in length of life over the period 1950–2015. We use data on life tables from World Population Prospects to develop a comprehensive database of a battery of inequality measures for 201 countries at five...

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– Evidence from the Zambezi river in Mozambique
César Salazar-Espinoza, Sam Jones - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Prior to 2009, there was no direct road connection between the southern regions of Mozambique—where the capital city is located—and the more agriculturally-productive central and northern regions. In this paper, we leverage the opening of a major road bridge to identify the impact of...

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– What do we know?
Mathilde Maîtrot, Miguel Niño-Zarazúa - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Over the last 35 years, microfinance has been generally regarded as an effective policy tool in the fight against poverty. Yet, the question of whether access to credit leads to poverty reduction and improved wellbeing remains open. To address this question, we conduct a systematic review of the...

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Ravi Pendakur - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Past research suggests that Afghan immigrants and their children face challenges in settlement, stemming from the impact of displacement, language barriers, poor health, limited education, limited knowledge of or access to services, and discrimination. Using data from Canada’s 2011...

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Feng Hou - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Welcoming 60,000 Southeast Asian refugees in the 1979–80 period has become a celebrated part of Canada’s history, but the eventual integration of these refugees into Canadian society has received insufficient attention. This study provides a comprehensive overview of Vietnamese...

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– The case of abortion in El Salvador
Jocelyn Viterna, Jose Santos Guardado Bautista, Silvia Ivette Juarez Barrios, Alba Evelyn Cortez - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

States’ governance of gender is not unidirectional. In addition to ‘stagnation’ and ‘progress’, there can be an active reversal of rights already granted to women. Using the case of abortion rights in El Salvador, this paper investigates the following questions:...

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– Puzzles solved and unsolved
Raymundo M. Campos-Vázquez, Nora Lustig - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

We analyse the evolution and proximate determinants of labour income inequality in Mexico between 1989 and 2017. Labour income inequality increased between 1989 and 1994 and declined between 1994 and 2006. What happened after 2006 is subject to uncertainty. The national labour force survey...

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– The recent Ghanaian experience
Mahamudu Bawumia, Håvard Halland - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper analyses the evolution of fiscal and monetary variables in Ghana, from the discovery of oil in 2007 through to 2014. It documents the deterioration of fiscal and monetary discipline over this period, which resulted in a rebound of debt, a deterioration of the external balance, and a...

Displaying 16 of 2442 results.