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Publications (3072)

Working Paper pdf
– Exploring the distribution of women’s work between income generation, expenditure-saving, and unpaid domestic responsibilities in India
Ashwini Deshpande, Naila Kabeer - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Based on primary data from India, this paper analyses the reasons underlying women’s low labour force participation. In developing countries, women engaged in unpaid economic work in family enterprises are often not counted as workers. Women are involved in expenditure-saving activities, i....

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from sub-Saharan Africa
Jenny Guardado, Leonard Wantchekon - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Vote-buying—or the pre-electoral distribution of private goods in exchange for support at the ballot box—is often blamed for the poor economic performance of many sub-Saharan countries. For instance, vote-buying may undermine accountability and the implementation of sound development...

Working Paper pdf
Rosa Abraham, Rahul Lahoti, Hema Swaminathan - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

The impact of childbirth on the labour market participation of women has been discussed extensively in the context of developed countries, constraints on mothers’ labour market participation and earnings being characterized as the ‘motherhood penalty’. In the developing country...

Working Paper pdf
– The case of Mozambican firms
Hanna Berkel, Christian Estmann, John Rand - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Using panel data of manufacturing enterprises in Mozambique between 2012 and 2017, we investigate how changes in perceived quality of governance are related to firms’ law compliance. Controlling for firm-level unobserved heterogeneity, we look at three aspects of governance and their...

Working Paper pdf
Grace Nsomba - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper analyses interconnection in telecommunications markets in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region, focusing on cross-border roaming as well as international interconnection. These issues have been identified as critical for cross-border integration and regulatory...

Working Paper pdf
– Rules versus discretionary budgets
Dilip Mookherjee, Anusha Nath - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Past research has provided evidence of clientelistic politics in delivery of programme benefits by local governments, or gram panchayats (GPs), and manipulation of GP programme budgets by legislators and elected officials at upper tiers in West Bengal, India. Using household panel survey data...

Working Paper pdf
Neva Makgetla - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Special Economic Zones (SEZs) have become common across Southern Africa in the past 20 years. In line with experiences in the rest of the world, they have had at best marginal success. Their essential premise is that it should be more efficient and effective to establish an enclave with world-...

Working Paper pdf
Sanjay Jain - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

While there is general agreement that regulatory avoidance is an important part of firms’ decisions to produce in the informal sector, there is much less agreement on how regulation and enforcement affect firms’ decisions on, inter alia, which sector they locate in, their employment...

Working Paper pdf
– A case study of the Eastern Industry Park
Weiwei Chen - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Despite the Ethiopian government’s commitment to attracting foreign direct investment to its emerging manufacturing sector and its shared interests with Chinese private businesses in building profitable investments, relations between Chinese private businesses and the Ethiopian government...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from a high-dosage programme in Brazil
Daniel Da Mata, Rodrigo C. Oliveira, Diana Silva - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Using admission lotteries and registry data linking labour market outcomes, we study the effect of a vocational training programme focused on disadvantaged individuals in Brazil. The intensive programme is an 18-month classroom training coupled with a 6-month on-the-job training provided by...

Working Paper pdf
– A comparison of PITMOD and SAMOD for tax year 2018
Wynnona Steyn, Alexius Sithole, Winile Ngobeni, Eva Muwanga-Zake, Helen Barnes, Michael Noble, David McLennan, Gemma Wright, Katrin Gasior - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

In this paper we explore South Africa’s personal income tax system using two microsimulation models. The first, SAMOD, simulates personal income tax and social benefits using a dataset derived from the nationally representative National Income Dynamics Study survey. The second, PITMOD,...

Working Paper pdf
Abel Kinyondo, Chris Huggins - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This study examines the interaction between formalization of the artisanal and small-scale mining subsector and the regulation of negative environmental impacts in Tanzania. Formalization generally seeks to move the artisanal and small-scale mining subsector to legal status. Using documents,...

Working Paper pdf
Joshua Budlender, Amina Ebrahim - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

We present new evidence on the effects of South Africa’s Employment Tax Incentive (ETI), a hiring and employment wage subsidy aimed at reducing youth unemployment. We show that attempts to estimate firm-level treatment effects via conditional difference-in-differences are likely to fail...

Working Paper pdf
– A decomposition approach
Rodrigo C. Oliveira, Raul da Mota Silveira Neto - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

The purpose of this article is to provide new evidence about the sources of regional income inequalities in Brazil along the wage distribution, taking into account the regional differentials in purchasing power. We use a unique and recent regional purchasing power index to adjust nominal values...

Working Paper pdf
Pranab K. Bardhan - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Unlike much of the growing literature on political clientelism, this short paper contains mainly the author’s general reflections on the broad issues of governance (or mis-governance including corruption), democracy, and state capacity that clientelism has an impact on. It then analyses...

Working Paper pdf
– The role of financial shocks and marital customs
Sarah Khan - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This project aims to explore the effect of wealth shocks on education and marriage for young women in Pakistan. Financial shocks are used to estimate the probability of dropping out of education and into marriage. Using the Pakistan Rural Household Panel survey for the years 2000–10, the...

Displaying 16 of 3072 results.