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Publications (2387)

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– Brazil and the Vale SA model of corporate interaction
Liesel Filgueiras, Andreia Rabetim, Isabel Aché - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Reflection about the role of corporate social investment in Brazil, associated with the presence of a large economic enterprise, is the major stimulus of this paper. It seeks to present how cross-sector governance can contribute to the social development of a city and how this process can be led...

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– Evidence from Kyrgyzstan
Kamalbek Karymshakov, Burulcha Sulaimanova - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper aims to study the impact of migration on labour supply and time-use of women left behind in Kyrgyzstan. Using the household survey data for 2011, labour supply is measured by occupational choices and working hours. Apart from the labour supply data, this study uses detailed information...

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– A tale of two periods
Bethlehem A. Argaw - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper provides an informative picture of the extent of regional inequality of economic outcomes and opportunities in the pre-and post-reform Ethiopia. We start by presenting evidence that regional inequality in educational attainment, formal employment, and access to safe water and...

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Ina Ganguli, Ricardo Hausmann, Martina Viarengo - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

While microfinance institutions (MFIs) are increasingly important as employers in the developing world, there is little micro-level evidence on gender differences among MFI employees and MFIs’ relation to economic development. We use a unique panel dataset of employees from Latin America...

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Siwan Anderson, Debraj Ray - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Relative to developed countries, there are far fewer women than men in parts of the developing world. Estimates suggest that more than 200 million women are demographically ‘missing’ worldwide. To explain the global ‘missing women’ phenomenon, research has mainly focused...

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Sam Hickey, Jeremy Seekings - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Since the early 2000s international development agencies have actively promoted social protection as a new global public policy. This process can be understood as flowing from related shifts within the global political economy and of development ideology, and involved international development...

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Fredrick O. Wanyama, Anna McCord - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Literature on social protection in Kenya shows progress in implementation of cash transfers but not the social health insurance scheme. With a dearth of explanation for this contrasting promotion of social protection, this paper examines the role of Kenya’s political settlement and the...

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– Which expected values are valid
Clive Bell - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper re-examines the validity of using expected values to evaluate the social profitability of public investments under uncertainty. Departing from the usual assumption of an aggregate good, the setting is a small open economy that faces stochastic world prices for tradable goods and...

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– A revival is long overdue
Clive Bell - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper makes the case for the systematic appraisal of public sector projects using shadow prices as the signals of social scarcities. In so doing, it attempts to redress the balance between estimating inputs and outputs, central though that task is, and valuing them correctly. The account...

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– Evidence from Turkey
Selim Gulesci - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

I explore the long-term effects of internal displacement caused by the Kurdish-Turkish conflict on women’s attitudes towards domestic violence. Using the Turkish Demographic and Health Survey, I show that forced migrants are more likely to view domestic violence as acceptable. As...

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Lucia Mangiavacchi, Luca Piccoli - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper studies the distribution of resources within Albanian families in 2012 using a collective consumption model with two alternative specifications: the first enables the estimation of intrahousehold distribution of resources among male adults, female adults and children; the second...

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Jean-Marie Baland, Roberta Ziparo - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper is intended to bridge the theoretical literature describing efficient intra-household behaviour and the development literature that collects empirical regularities pointing toward the existence of strategic decision-making among spouses. It examines the key elements of the...

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Mulalo Mamburu - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Traditionally, much of the research on economic growth drivers has been focused on small and medium enterprises. In recent years the academic focus on small businesses has shifted to a particular group of firms that are interesting from an economic growth and policy development perspective,...

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Karen Codazzi, Valéria Pero, André Sant’Anna - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Over the last half-century, the role of women in society has changed substantially. However, the gender income gap and the difference in labour force participation persist. Akerlof and Kranton introduce the concept of identity from sociology and social psychology at the economic analysis; based...

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Kseniia Gatskova, Artjoms Ivlevs, Barbara Dietz - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

We study how migration affects education of girls in Tajikistan—the poorest post-Soviet state and one of the most remittance-dependent economies in the world. Using data from a three-wave household panel survey conducted in 2007, 2009, and 2011, we find that the effect of migration on girls...

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– Evidence from rural Tanzania
Kacana Sipangule - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

The last decade has witnessed an increase in the interest in agricultural land in developing countries. While a great deal of attention has been paid to understanding the impacts of this increased interest in agricultural land, very little is known about how local smallholder communities are...

Displaying 16 of 2387 results.