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Publications (2646)

Working Paper pdf
– The impact of tax-benefit systems in Africa
Olivier Bargain, H. Xavier Jara, Prudence Kwenda, Miracle Ntuli - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Redistributive systems in Africa are still in their infancy but are constantly expanding in order to finance increasing public spending. This paper aims at characterizing the redistributive potential of six African countries: Ghana, Zambia, Mozambique, Tanzania, Ethiopia, and South Africa....

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– A microsimulation approach
Cristina Arancibia, Mariana Dondo, H. Xavier Jara, David Macas, Nicolás Oliva, Rebeca Riella, David Rodriguez, Joana Urraburu - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

We analyse the effect of taxes and benefits on income distribution of six Latin American countries: Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Uruguay, and Venezuela. Our analysis makes use of tax-benefit microsimulation models based on harmonized household representative survey data and developed...

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Peter Fisker, Soren Schou - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

The latest firm survey of Mozambique, the Inquerito ás Indústrias Manufactureiras (IIM) 2017, draws a concerning picture of the manufacturing sector. However, it is not obvious whether this is true for the population of manufacturing firms in Mozambique, as the representativeness of...

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– The bird’s-eye and the granular perspectives
Hai‐Anh H. Dang, Peter Lanjouw - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

India today is achieving per capita growth rates that are historically unprecedented. Poverty reduction has also accelerated. There is concern, however, that this growth is being accompanied by rising inequality. We report on a research project that examines inequality trends and dynamics at...

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– Labour markets and fiscal redistribution 1989–2014
Raymundo M. Campos-Vázquez, Nora Lustig, John Scott - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Income inequality in Mexico increased between 1989 and 1994; between 1994 and 2006, inequality declined; and, between 2006 and 2014, inequality was again on the rise. We apply decomposition techniques to analyse the proximate determinants of labour income inequality and fiscal incidence...

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Roy van der Weide, Melinda Vigh - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Productivity and socio-economic progress are inter-connected. Economic growth funds policies that promote socio-economic progress, while the latter serves as a growth engine. A society with high mobility is one where individual achievements are influenced less by the individual’s parents...

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Marcelo Neri - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

After three decades of persistently high income inequality, from 2001 Brazil experienced a downward inequality trend followed by rising household income growth. Both movements lasted until 2015. This work synthesizes the results of six papers, describing Brazilian income distribution trends...

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– Experimental evidence on role models in Viet Nam
Gaia Narciso, Carol Newman, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

How can development programmes reach out to remote communities? This paper presents experimental evidence on the impact of a role models intervention that aims to inspire ethnic minority households to start businesses and diversify income sources. The experiment took place in three provinces...

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Murray Leibbrandt, Vima Ranchhod, Pippa Green - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

We synthesize the findings from several recent papers on South Africa’s very high income inequality. These papers use new datasets—including income tax data—and new empirical methods to investigate the drivers of household income and individual earnings inequality in South...

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– Data collection and the impact on income inequality
Qinghai Li, Shi Li, Haiyuan Wan - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

With the data on the top incomes collected from different sources, we combine the samples of the top incomes with a household survey to investigate changes in the income distribution with and without the top incomes. The Gini coefficient of income inequality using household survey data is 0....

Working Paper pdf
Abhiroop Mukhopadhyay, David Garcés Urzainqui - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Studies of the spatial dimensions of inequality in developing countries are mostly restricted to states, provinces, or districts, typically the smallest geographical units for which data are representative in national surveys. We introduce a procedure to calculate inequality between and within...

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– Using house prices to estimate inequality in Mumbai
Gerton Rongen - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper applies a novel inequality estimation method to household consumption expenditure in Mumbai, India. Since the richest households may be missing in survey data, this re-estimated inequality figure takes them into account by combining survey data with house price data. However,...

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Emanuele Colonnelli, Nicole Ntungire - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

As it transitions to an oil-producing country, Uganda’s investments in infrastructure and physical capital will increasingly depend on the ability of the construction sector to respond to surges in demand and transform investment effort into outcomes. Using administrative and survey data...

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– How much, when, and how will it be governed?
Sebastian Wolf, Vishal Aditya Potluri - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

We study Uganda’s journey to become a petroleum producer and provide estimates regarding the size and timing of the oil revenues to be expected. At an average US$38 per capita per year over a 33-year period, oil revenue by itself will not be transformational for the Ugandan economy, but it...

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– A framing paper
Mark Henstridge - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

A significant natural resource discovery creates excited popular expectations of imminent wealth. But the size of a boom is usually overestimated and the delay in receiving revenues is underestimated. This paper takes stock of the sequencing, timing, and scale of the development of a natural...

Working Paper pdf
– Country study—Tanzania
Mark Henstridge - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

There are large volumes of gas offshore Tanzania, which has raised hopes of a boom. But those hopes look set to be disappointed. A boom would depend on there being a sizeable flow of revenue to government from producing and exporting gas. This paper sets out the scale of the gas, and the...

Displaying 16 of 2646 results.