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Publications (2726)

Working Paper pdf
– The role of innovation and exports
Karmen Naidoo - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper investigates the effect of innovation on employment growth at the firm level in South Africa. Innovation is typically associated with better export performance at the firm level due to productivity enhancements and new products. However, the link between innovation and employment is...

Working Paper pdf
– The doubly false premise of rules reform
Sabyasachi Kar, Lant Pritchett, Spandan Roy, Kunal Sen - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

The World Bank’s Doing Business reports have evoked an intense policy debate about whether countries should simplify regulatory rules in order to stimulate investment and growth, or make them more stringent in order to achieve public policy objectives. Both sides of this debate, however...

Working Paper pdf
Michael Nassen Smith, Carilee Osborne, Zunaid Moola, Ben Turok - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

We examine the extent to which two of Africa’s leading gold mining economies, Ghana and Tanzania, have adopted transformative local procurement policies to enhance backward linkages from the minerals sector. We assess the impact that evolving legislation in the gold industry has had on...

Working Paper pdf
– A lab-in-the-field experiment in Myanmar
John Rand, Paula Castro Rodriguez, Finn Tarp, Neda Trifković - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This study investigates the role of owners’ personal preferences and behaviour in determining the success of micro, small and medium-sized enterprises using a lab-in-the-field experiment with small-business owners in Myanmar. The study is a complement to a 2017 quantitative survey conducted...

Working Paper pdf
– The case of timber in Myanmar
John Rand, Paula Castro Rodriguez, Finn Tarp, Neda Trifković - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

We use the case of the timber industry in Myanmar to analyse how national regulatory frameworks and international ecological discourses affect forest management and small businesses. The state plays two roles in the timber industry in Myanmar: it is the main producer and legal source of raw...

Working Paper pdf
– A 2015 social accounting matrix multiplier decomposition approach for Mozambique
Silvana Mondlane, Dirk van Seventer - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper considers the impact of agriculture and international trade development on income distribution and economic activity in Mozambique. A social accounting matrix multiplier decomposition model is used—in particular, an extension of the standard model that details the process of...

Working Paper pdf
– Civic engagement in Colombia
Patricia Justino, Ana Arjona, Juan Camilo Cárdenas, Ana María Ibáñez, Julian Arteaga Vallejo - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper investigates the impact of inequality on individual civic engagement at the community level, whether this impact persists over time, and what mechanisms may shape the relationship between inequality and civic engagement. The results show that inequality in Colombia is associated...

Working Paper pdf
– An analysis of the labour market effects
Anmar Pretorius, Carli Bezuidenhout, Marianne Matthee, Derick Blaauw - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

In South Africa, the manufacturing sector—important for growth and employment creation—has shown declining growth, poor productivity performance, decreased labour demand, and increased imports of intermediate goods (offshoring activities). Offshoring influences jobs and wages...

Working Paper pdf
Seema Jayachandran - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper discusses cultural barriers to women’s participation and success in the labor market in developing countries. I begin by describing how gender norms influence the relationship between economic development and female employment, as well as how gender norms differ substantially...

Working Paper pdf
– Accounting for inequality changes in Spain during the recession
Carlos Gradín - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

I discuss a new approach which decomposes inequality into the contributions of population groups by income sources. I estimate a matrix with rows and columns which indicate different population groups and income sources respectively, with each element indicating the marginal change in the...

Working Paper pdf
Shingie Chisoro-Dube, Cornelius Dube, Wellington Matsika - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Zimbabwe’s persistent economic challenges since the early 1990s have been largely attributed to unpopular political decisions at the expense of building productive capacity in different sectors of the economy. Using a global value chains framework taking into account political economy...

Working Paper pdf
Aimable Nsabimana, Patricia Funjika - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Access to mobile phone has increased substantially over the last decade in sub-Saharan Africa. The evidence suggests that increased use of mobile phones in the region has upgraded the market prices received by producers for their cash crops, but so far there is limited knowledge on labour market...

Working Paper pdf
– A case study of the maize-milling machinery value chain in South Africa and Zambia
Gillian Chigumira - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This working paper is the fourth in a series that forms part of the project ‘Southern Africa – Towards Inclusive Economic Development’, a three-year partnership between UNU-WIDER and the South African government aimed at generating a better understanding of regional value chains...

Working Paper pdf
Andy McKay, Jukka Pirttilä, Caroline Schimanski - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

A key policy problem in most developing countries is the size of the informal sector and its persistence over time. In need to increase their tax revenues, policy makers face a trade-off between decreasing tax rates (making formalizing potentially more attractive) and alternatively...

Working Paper pdf
Ravi Kanbur - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

The conventional justification for moving from income distribution to intergenerational mobility analysis is that the movie encompasses the snapshot and is normatively superior as the basis for assessing policy. Such a perspective underpins many an argument for shifting the focus from income...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from the Vietnam War
Khoa Vu, Maria C. Lo Bue - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Vietnam’s education system has recently attracted international attention for exceptional learning outcomes and success in improving schooling outcomes over a short period, despite being a lower-middle-income country. One potential explanation is the substantial increase in...

Displaying 16 of 2726 results.