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Publications (2697)

Working Paper pdf
Felix Adamu Nandonde, Richard Adu-Gyamfi, TinayeSonto Mmusi, Herbert Wamalwa, Simplice A. Asongu, Johannes Pieter Opperman, Jeremiah R. Makindara - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

In recent decades, the impact of South African foreign direct investment in Africa has been captured by research and policy. This paper investigates linkages and spillover effects of South African foreign direct investment in Botswana and Kenya. The study uses primary data to investigate...

Working Paper pdf
Neva Makgetla, Saul Levin, Sithembiso Mtanga - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Southern African countries—mainly Zambia and the Democratic Republic of the Congo—account for around a seventh of global production of copper. In the 2010s, they imported over a third of the associated capital goods and components from South Africa. Given this strength, some...

Working Paper pdf
– Assessing the short-term impact on consumption and poverty of the 2015 flood in Mozambique
Vincenzo Salvucci, Ricardo Santos - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Mozambique is among the most disaster-prone countries in the world. A bigger than usual, and mostly unexpected, flood occurred in the central-northern region of the country in the first few months of 2015, causing huge damage to infrastructures. In this paper, we use a nationally...

Working Paper pdf
– Investment, profitability, and leverage
Isaac Marcelin, Daniel Brink, David Oluwatosin Fadiran, Hammed Adedeji Amusa - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Employing the difference-in-differences technique, this study examines the impact of the Employment Tax Incentive programme on a large sample of South African firms from 2011 to 2016. It finds that programme firms expanded investments by 4.8 per cent, and profits by 5.7 per cent. Consistent...

Working Paper pdf
Félix Mambo, Maren Basso, Vincenzo Salvucci, Ricardo Santos - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

The level of educational attainment in Mozambique is one of the lowest in the world and primary school completion rate is also very low, not reaching 40 per cent. Using data from the Mozambican Household Budget Survey 2014/15, we study (1) the determinants of school dropout; (2) the variables...

Working Paper pdf
– Prospects and policies for the development of regional value chains in Southern Africa
Anthony Black, Lawrence Edwards, Faizel Ismail, Brian Makundi, Mike Morris - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Regional integration is making steady progress in Africa and a key objective is to improve the prospects for industrialization by expanding the regional market. This paper draws on a combination of trade data analysis and industry case studies to better understand the links and synergies between...

Working Paper pdf
Andrew Kerr, Martin Wittenberg - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Traditionally, analysts of the South African labour market have used household survey data to describe earnings and employment in the post-Apartheid period. More recently, administrative data from the South African Revenue Service has been made available, which allows for comparisons and an...

Working Paper pdf
– Manufacturing firms in South Africa
Carol Newman, John Rand, Mpho Tsebe - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Misallocation of labour and capital can greatly reduce aggregate productivity. In this study, we use tax administrative data to examine the extent of resource misallocation in the South African context. In addition, we zoom in on how different government incentives affect the allocation (or...

Working Paper pdf
– An agenda
Aroop Chatterjee - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Understanding wealth inequality has unique significance in South Africa. The co-existence of extreme poverty and extreme wealth is starkly visible. Apartheid-era inequality has persisted despite more than 20 years of democracy. Much of the research on inequality has focused on inequality of...

Working Paper pdf
Nicholas Apergis, Arusha Cooray - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

The goal of this paper is to examine the impact of human rights on income distribution and poverty by exploring how both aid and trade can influence poverty and income distribution through human rights. The analysis employs data for 125 countries and uses a number of panel data methods. The...

Working Paper pdf
– Empirical evidence from Indian manufacturing firms
Karishma Banga - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper examines whether digitalization can be a driver of ‘upgrading’ in global value chains and help developing countries move into higher value-added activities. In particular, the paper provides empirical evidence on the impact of digital capabilities on product upgrading in...

Working Paper pdf
– A review of levels and trends
Himanshu - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper contributes to the literature by reviewing levels, trends, and structure of inequality since the early 1990s in India. It draws extensively on the existing literature, supplemented with analyses of multiple data sources, to paint a picture. It notes where different data sources...

Working Paper pdf
Maria C. Lo Bue, Flaviana Palmisano - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

The canonical approach to analysing the poverty impact of growth is based on the comparison of poverty before and after growth. Measurement tools that endorse this approach fail to capture the different experiences of poverty dynamics in the population: there can be groups of the...

Working Paper pdf
– Perspectives on the social determinants of health in Mozambique
Alba Llop-Gironés, Sam Jones - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

The social determinants of health have not been studied extensively in low-income contexts, where most studies focus on access to medical care. We undertake a retrospective cross-sectional analysis of the social determinants of health in Mozambique for the 2002–14 period, covering 258,...

Working Paper pdf
Margaryta Klymak - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper examines whether foreign competition affects the reallocation of unpaid and family workers from household businesses to working outside of the family firm. Using a rich panel dataset of Vietnamese manufacturing enterprises that went through trade liberalization, I ...

Working Paper pdf
Sithembiso Mtanga, Richard McCamel - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper provides an overview of the structure, key functions, and characteristics of the motorcycle parts and aftermarket industries in Southern Africa in order to identify challenges to and opportunities for growth in these industries. The research examines the end markets and utilization...

Displaying 16 of 2697 results.