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Publications (2702)

Working Paper pdf
– What can be learnt from new administrative data?
Joshua Budlender - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

The South African economy is generally understood to be characterised by high levels of product market concentration and high firm markups. This paper reviews the existing literature and discusses what can be learnt from new administrative firm-level panel data. I present new ...

Working Paper pdf
Larissa Nawo, Désiré Avom, Kyle McNabb, Luc Nembot - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper argues that in weak states, leaders whose hold on power is secured by the public fortune have turned to the use of sovereign wealth funds (SWFs), especially unofficial SWFs, to cement their hold on power. Unofficial SWFs are private funds created from resource rents...

Working Paper pdf
Dirk van Seventer, Rob Davies - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Examining the economy-wide consequences of South Africa following a similar trajectory of labour market polarization to the rest of the world requires an appropriate database for an economy-wide policy analysis framework. This paper describes how a 2015 South Africa social accounting matrix (...

Working Paper pdf
– From deprivation weights to bundles
Sam Jones - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

In the widely used class of multidimensional poverty measures introduced by Alkire and Foster (2011), dimension-specific weights combined with a single cut-off parameter play a fundamental role in identifying who is multidimensionally poor. This paper revisits how these parameters are...

Working Paper pdf
– A comparative approach with India
Carlos Gradín, Binbin Wu - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

We analyse income and expenditure distribution in China in a comparative perspective with India. These countries represent extreme cases in the relationship of inequality to both wellbeing indicators. Income is more highly concentrated than expenditure in India, especially at the top of the...

Working Paper pdf
Felix Adamu Nandonde, Richard Adu-Gyamfi, TinayeSonto Mmusi, Herbert Wamalwa, Simplice A. Asongu, Johannes Pieter Opperman, Jeremiah R. Makindara - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

In recent decades, the impact of South African foreign direct investment in Africa has been captured by research and policy. This paper investigates linkages and spillover effects of South African foreign direct investment in Botswana and Kenya. The study uses primary data to investigate...

Working Paper pdf
Neva Makgetla, Saul Levin, Sithembiso Mtanga - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Southern African countries—mainly Zambia and the Democratic Republic of the Congo—account for around a seventh of global production of copper. In the 2010s, they imported over a third of the associated capital goods and components from South Africa. Given this strength, some...

Working Paper pdf
– Assessing the short-term impact on consumption and poverty of the 2015 flood in Mozambique
Vincenzo Salvucci, Ricardo Santos - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Mozambique is among the most disaster-prone countries in the world. A bigger than usual, and mostly unexpected, flood occurred in the central-northern region of the country in the first few months of 2015, causing huge damage to infrastructures. In this paper, we use a nationally...

Working Paper pdf
– Investment, profitability, and leverage
Isaac Marcelin, Daniel Brink, David Oluwatosin Fadiran, Hammed Adedeji Amusa - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Employing the difference-in-differences technique, this study examines the impact of the Employment Tax Incentive programme on a large sample of South African firms from 2011 to 2016. It finds that programme firms expanded investments by 4.8 per cent, and profits by 5.7 per cent. Consistent...

Working Paper pdf
Félix Mambo, Maren Basso, Vincenzo Salvucci, Ricardo Santos - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

The level of educational attainment in Mozambique is one of the lowest in the world and primary school completion rate is also very low, not reaching 40 per cent. Using data from the Mozambican Household Budget Survey 2014/15, we study (1) the determinants of school dropout; (2) the variables...

Working Paper pdf
– Prospects and policies for the development of regional value chains in Southern Africa
Anthony Black, Lawrence Edwards, Faizel Ismail, Brian Makundi, Mike Morris - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Regional integration is making steady progress in Africa and a key objective is to improve the prospects for industrialization by expanding the regional market. This paper draws on a combination of trade data analysis and industry case studies to better understand the links and synergies between...

Working Paper pdf
Andrew Kerr, Martin Wittenberg - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Traditionally, analysts of the South African labour market have used household survey data to describe earnings and employment in the post-Apartheid period. More recently, administrative data from the South African Revenue Service has been made available, which allows for comparisons and an...

Working Paper pdf
– Manufacturing firms in South Africa
Carol Newman, John Rand, Mpho Tsebe - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Misallocation of labour and capital can greatly reduce aggregate productivity. In this study, we use tax administrative data to examine the extent of resource misallocation in the South African context. In addition, we zoom in on how different government incentives affect the allocation (or...

Working Paper pdf
– An agenda
Aroop Chatterjee - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Understanding wealth inequality has unique significance in South Africa. The co-existence of extreme poverty and extreme wealth is starkly visible. Apartheid-era inequality has persisted despite more than 20 years of democracy. Much of the research on inequality has focused on inequality of...

Working Paper pdf
Nicholas Apergis, Arusha Cooray - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

The goal of this paper is to examine the impact of human rights on income distribution and poverty by exploring how both aid and trade can influence poverty and income distribution through human rights. The analysis employs data for 125 countries and uses a number of panel data methods. The...

Working Paper pdf
– Empirical evidence from Indian manufacturing firms
Karishma Banga - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper examines whether digitalization can be a driver of ‘upgrading’ in global value chains and help developing countries move into higher value-added activities. In particular, the paper provides empirical evidence on the impact of digital capabilities on product upgrading in...

Displaying 16 of 2702 results.