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Publications (3354)

Working Paper pdf
– An interpretative survey
Kunal Sen - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

When India became a republic in 1950, the economy was primarily agrarian, with three-fifths of output originating from agriculture. In the sixty years since independence, there has been a significant transformation of economic activity away from agriculture, with less than one-fifth of output now...

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– Measurement and concepts
Kyle McNabb - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

The aims of this paper are twofold. It firstly identifies and discusses the extent to which public revenues from natural resources are adequately captured in existing cross-country revenue databases, before exploring the extent to which such data can be used to estimate countries’ fiscal...

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– The case of ‘Solar Mamas’ who bring light
Veda Vaidyanathan - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper examines multiple facets of New Delhi’s development cooperation with countries in Africa and argues that grassroots organizations in India that find innovative, low-cost technological solutions to developmental challenges can help governments and multilateral agencies craft...

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– How local communities in Italy keep anti-fascist sentiments alive
Simone Cremaschi, Juan Masullo J. - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

Can past wartime experiences other than violence have long-term effects on political attitudes and behaviours? How are these legacies sustained across generations and beyond those who directly experienced war? We explore these questions in Italy, a country whose democratic institutions were...

Working Paper pdf
– Income and taxable income, adjusted for retirement fund and medical expense reporting changes
Andrew R. Donaldson - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

Tax administration statistics now provide considerably more complete and reliable measures of South African personal income and its distribution than the available household or other survey sources. However, there are difficulties in using tax data across time, as both policy and reporting...

Working Paper pdf
Adeel Malik, Rinchan Ali Mirza, Faiz Ur Rehman - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

We examine whether frontier rule, which disallows frontier residents from recourse to formal institutions of conflict management and disproportionately empowers tribal elites, provides a more fragile basis for maintaining social order in the face of shocks. Combining a historical border that...

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Nicola Daniele Coniglio, Vitorocco Peragine, Davide Vurchio - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

In this paper we explore the links between international migration and income inequality. After presenting a simple model which considers the role of income distribution in individual decisions to migrate, we estimate a set of models on the determinants of yearly bilateral migration from a very...

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– The case of Afghanistan
Nematullah Bizhan - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

The aid effectiveness principles have limits if the recipient is fragile. The problem of relevance exists if the recipient has an authoritarian or totalitarian regime. In situations of weak statehood and fragility, a large portion of aid would likely bypass the state because of high demand for...

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Paolo Brunori, Francisco H.G. Ferreira, Guido Neidhöfer - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

How strong is the transmission of socio-economic status across generations in Latin America? To answer this question, we first review the empirical literature on intergenerational mobility and inequality of opportunity for the region, summarizing results for both income and educational outcomes...

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– The case of Ghana
Charles Godfred Ackah, Monica P. Lambon-Quayefio - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

One essential condition of economic progress in any society is an ample supply of savings, which depends on the growth of real capital. Economists agree that higher investment rates will lead to higher growth. Thus, domestic savings is considered an important determinant of growth in...

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– Examining the impact of relative income on formal and informal debt in South Africa
Shakeba Foster - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

How does income inequality impact the propensity for and levels of formal and informal household debt? This paper assesses this question using the two most recent waves of the South African Living Conditions Survey. A range of linear models as well as a zero-inflated Poisson model are employed...

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Ana Horigoshi, Samantha Custer - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

Development effectiveness is an ever-growing concern for development partners. Particularly in a world of increasing budget constraints and trade-offs, it is crucial for development partners to maximize the results of any development intervention. While the importance of a locally-led approach...

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Alex Armand, Myriam Marending, Galina Vysotskaya - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

While much of the literature studies causes and consequences of war, the reverberations of peace have rarely been studied. By focusing on the universe of ceasefire agreements since 1993, we study the causal effect of peace on economic recovery using a regression discontinuity in time approach...

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– Neofascist political violence in Italy, 1969–88
Stefano Costalli, Daniele Guariso, Patricia Justino, Andrea Ruggeri - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

We still have limited knowledge about the long-term effects of fascism on European democracies. European countries experienced cycles of violence between the 1960s and 1980s. Can such violence be explained by legacies of mobilization during fascism? We study whether and how the Italian fascist...

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– Insights from development studies
Albert Sanghoon Park - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper explores how the concept of resilience has been used in development studies. Set amidst the rise of resilience in sustainable development, it offers insights for scholars and policy-makers, alike. Sampling 419 resilience-oriented journal articles from 2017–22, it uses Kuhnian...

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Giulia Barletta, Ines A. Ferreira, Vincenzo Salvucci - UNU-WIDER, 2023 - Helsinki, Finland

Different concepts of inequality lead to different positions in discussions about whether economic growth leads to increasing inequality. This study investigates how over 1,100 young adults in Mozambique perceive inequality and whether their perceptions are based on relative or absolute terms...

Displaying 16 of 3354 results.