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Publications (3280)

Working Paper pdf
Siwan Anderson, Patrick Francois, Dominic Rohner, Rogerio Santarrosa - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Political violence is a worldwide problem that has been on the rise over the past decade. The international dimension of domestic repression and dissent is a particularly relevant factor yet surprisingly understudied. In particular, governments that heavily depend on foreign aid may crack down...

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James McKeown - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This study posits that pandemics should be regarded as complex, open-ended phenomena that cannot be reduced to biology and epidemiology. The research assesses Ghana’s effectiveness in governing the COVID-19 pandemic contrary to apocalyptic predictions. This paper critiques Ghana’s...

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– The reconstruction of gender relations in post-conflict Liberia
Augustine T. Larmin, Daniel K. Banini - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This research project traces how women’s participation in the Liberian civil wars, as combatants and peace agents, reconstructs gender relations in the post-civil war context. The current literature examines the role of women in the governance of rebel groups, emphasizing how women...

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– Looking for opportunities to strengthen trust in government and tax compliance by analysing citizens' perception of governance
Enrico Nichelatti, Heikki Hiilamo - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

The COVID-19 pandemic showed that many developing countries could not respond effectively to crises due to their limited capacity to diversify their social protection responses. Social protection systems depend mainly on government tax revenue capacity. Raising domestic revenue still...

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– A microsimulation approach
Katrin Gasior, Silvia Navarro, Jukka Pirttilä, Mari Kangasniemi - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper examines the distributional impacts of agricultural policies versus those of cash transfers using a tax–benefit microsimulation model for Zambia for the policy year 2020. The analysis also considers the behavioural impacts of input subsidies and social cash transfers. The...

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– Comparing views from Rwandan and Burundian citizens
Bert Ingelaere, Réginas Ndayiragije, Marijke Verpoorten - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

The lack of political representation often lies at the origin of identity-based violence, and, when not resolved, can re-ignite violence. We study who perceives gains and losses in political representation in Rwanda and Burundi and why. We rely on a quantitative and qualitative analysis of...

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– Evidence from household panel data in Uganda
Lynda Pickbourn, Raymond Caraher, Léonce Ndikumana - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Empirical studies on the effectiveness of aid to the water, sanitation, and hygiene sector (WASH aid) have focused primarily on access to these services as the benchmark for evaluating the effectiveness of aid in this sector. Given the importance of WASH services for public health outcomes,...

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Rachael Calleja, Beata Cichocka - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper investigates whether the current effectiveness agenda—agreed during the 2011 Busan High Level Forum on Development Effectiveness—continues to define best practice in development amidst a rapidly changing development landscape. To do so, we surveyed officials from...

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Ali Compaoré, Roukiatou Nikièma, Rasmané Ouédraogo - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

While there is extensive literature examining the growth and development effects of foreign aid, very little attention has been paid to its potential impact on social mobility. Thus, this paper provides the first empirical evidence on the effects of foreign aid on intergenerational educational...

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– Command over tradables, non-tradables, and people
Paul Segal, Michail Moatsos - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper analyses elite incomes around the world, and how international comparisons of elite incomes vary depending on the exchange rate and income concept used. It is well known that between-country income inequality is higher using market exchange rates than purchasing power parity (PPP)...

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– Armed violence in post-war Abkhazia
Anastasia Shesterinina - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

What accounts for armed violence in the aftermath of civil war? Efforts to develop a comprehensive framework to understand this phenomenon have been made in the literature. Yet existing studies have in general looked at distinct pre-war, wartime, and post-war sources of violence in the aftermath...

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Guillermo Kreiman - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

How do civil war dynamics affect state-building decisions in the aftermath of conflict? This paper argues that, in the post-conflict period, the state focuses its efforts to build state capacity on areas in which state power has been eroded during wartime, with the goal of avoiding future...

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– The political economy of compliance
Timothy Besley, Sacha Dray - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper explores the link between trust in government, policy-making, and compliance. It focuses on a specific channel whereby citizens who are convinced that a policy is worthwhile are more motivated to comply with it. This in turn reduces the government’s cost of implementing a policy...

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Shreyasee Das, Shatanjaya Dasgupta - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper examines the impact of the 2001 Gujarat earthquake on age at marriage and other assortative matching outcomes. Using the 2004–05 wave of the India Human Development Survey and employing a difference-in-differences strategy, we document that the earthquake reduced the age at...

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Khanindra Ch. Das - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Extractive industries are spread across mining of metal and minerals, oil and gas, among others. Multinationals in these sectors are confronted with different challenges ranging from corruption, political risk, economic uncertainty, sunk costs, and the long-gestation periods to execute projects...

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Rodgers Musamali, Cecilia Mutia, Rose W. Ngugi - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

The savings–growth nexus is widely acknowledged, both in policy and in the literature. But Kenya’s numerous policy initiatives to encourage savings mobilization are yet to yield the expected outcomes. This paper identifies the key drivers of domestic saving in Kenya, exploiting...

Displaying 16 of 3280 results.