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Publications (2509)

Working Paper pdf
Carla Canelas, Rachel M. Gisselquist - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Inequality and social exclusion receive considerable contemporary policy attention. In the field of international development, inequality—both vertical (between individuals and households) and horizontal (between groups)—is a core concern in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development...

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Gilles Carbonnier - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper introduces the origins and scope of humanitarian economics, a vibrant field of study and practice that deals with the economics and political economy of war, disaster, and humanitarian action. To illustrate the field’s scientific and policy relevance, the paper draws on...

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Carlos Gradín - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

In this paper, I show that occupations in South Africa are segregated and stratified not only by race, but also by gender. While some women (mostly black and Coloured) overwhelmingly fill low-paying jobs, others (mostly white and Indian/Asian but also Coloured) tend to fill higher-paying...

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– How data availability may hide the evidence
Caroline Schimanski - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

This study aims at providing causal evidence for tax-motivated profit-shifting out of developing countries, which, while often claimed to be the most affected, have been largely neglected in the literature. It uses global firm-level panel data from 2006–2015 and identifies profit-shifting...

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Olav Lundstøl, Jan Isaksen - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

In 2008, the Government of Zambia reformed its mining tax regime for large-scale copper mines through a unilateral legislative change. The country went from having one of the lowest average effective tax rates and government take to be above the average. We focus on a particularly...

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– The case of social benefits in Tanzania
Gemma C. Wright, Vincent Leyaro, Elineema Kisanga, Christine Byaruhanga3 - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

A well functioning system of public service delivery requires the definition and measurement of eligibility for services to be determined in a transparent and non-discretionary manner. This paper uses the case of the Productive Social Safety Net in mainland Tanzania to explore factors that...

Working Paper pdf
Carl Stempel, Qais Alemi - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Using 1990 5% Census and American Community Survey data, we examine the economic integration of Afghan refugees to the US, focusing on employment rates and income levels. First-wave Afghan refugees (those arriving 1980–90) have made significant income and employment gains, while poverty...

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– Evidence for South Africa using administrative data
Aalia Cassim, Daniela Casale - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Public debate on the temporary employment services, or labour broker, sector in South Africa has focused on temporary workers’ wages and benefits. Empirical research is limited: temporary employment services cannot be accurately identified in recent labour force surveys. In 2015, South...

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Thushyanthan Baskaran, Sonia Bhalotra, Brian Min, Yogesh Uppal - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

There has been a phenomenal global increase in the proportion of women in politics in the last 20 years. While there is evidence that raising the share of women politicians has substantive impacts on the composition of government spending, there is scarcely any evidence of how it influences...

Working Paper pdf
Thomas Markussen, Quang-Thanh Ngo - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Single-party political systems exist in a number of countries, such as China and Viet Nam. In these countries, party membership is potentially an important source of economic and social status. This paper investigates these effects and the mechanisms behind them. In particular, we use...

Working Paper pdf
– The Bayesian perspective
Marie Albertine Djuikom - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Understanding how internal labour migration affects the agricultural sector is important for all developing countries whose markets do not work well or are non-existent. In fact, even if the movement out of the agricultural sector can be viewed as a process to reach development for many African...

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– Revisiting the evidence
Tseday Jemaneh Mekasha, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

As research on the empirical link between aid and growth continues to grow, it is time to revisit the accumulated evidence on aid effectiveness. This paper does this by building on the meta-analysis in our previous work. The availability of more data enables us to conduct a sub-group analysis by...

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Shannon Bold, Laurence Harris - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper investigates whether a Taylor rule accurately describes the South African Reserve Bank’s reaction function in setting interest rates using quarterly data, covering the period since inflation targeting was formally adopted in 2000. The classic Taylor rule is modified to determine...

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– Measuring the returns to R&D
Andre Steenkamp, Mark Schaffer, Wayde Flowerday, John Gabriel Goddard - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Improvements in productivity are necessary to effectively increase economic growth in the long term. The literature emphasizes a positive correlation between firm-level innovation and productivity gains. It is unsurprising, then, that policy makers and researchers widely acknowledge that...

Working Paper pdf
Anusa Daimon - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Illegal African migration into South Africa is not uniquely a post-apartheid phenomenon. It has its antecedents in the colonial/apartheid period. The South Africa colonial economy relied heavily on cheap African labour from both within and outside the Union. Most foreign migrant labourers came...

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– A micro perspective from Tigray, Ethiopia
Nigussie Abadi, Ataklti Techane, Girmay Tesfay, Daniel Maxwell, Bapu Vaitla - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

While the volume of remittances to developing countries has been growing significantly over the years, the impact of remittances on food security has not received much attention. To bridge the gap this paper has examined the impact of remittances on farm household’s food security status,...

Displaying 16 of 2509 results.