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Publications (3249)

Working Paper pdf
Elisa Casi, Mohammed Mardan, Rohit Reddy Muddasani - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

We study the short-term effect of the introduction of the mandatory disclosure programme for aggressive tax arrangements by focusing on the one introduced in May 2018 under Council Directive 2018/288/EU (or DAC6). Employing bilateral data on cross-border deposits, we study the effect of this...

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Albert Kwame Osei-Owusu, Michael Danquah, Edgar Towa - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper applies an environmentally extended input–output analysis, leveraging the Eora database, to estimate the global raw material footprints of 51 African nations from 1995 to 2015. It employs least absolute shrinkage and selection operator and panel regression models to quantify the...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from South Africa during the COVID-19 pandemic
Timothy Köhler, Robert Hill, Haroon Bhorat - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Wage subsidies have served as a primary labour market policy used around the world to mitigate job losses in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. In South Africa, where unemployment is among the highest globally, the Temporary Employer–Employee Relief Scheme supported millions of workers in a...

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Rotimi T. Suberu - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

The federal character principle is Nigeria’s primary formula for mitigating horizontal inequality and conflict in this chronically fractured society. Designed to guarantee inter-group inclusion in the conduct and composition of governmental institutions, the principle spans direct,...

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Githinji Njenga, Josphat Machagua, Samwel Gachanja - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Capital markets facilitate capital growth by mobilizing savings and converting them into investments, and they are therefore a stimulant of economic growth. There is evidence that countries with high savings rates tend to grow faster. Although most sub-Saharan Africa countries recognize the...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from Viet Nam
Cuong Viet Nguyen - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

In view of the detrimental effect of COVID-19 lockdowns on household welfare, most countries implemented economic stimulus aid packages to support households. The extent to which these packages mitigated the pandemic’s adverse effects on households is not just an intriguing question for...

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Angela Cindy Emefa Mensah, Edward B. Barbier - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

We examine inequality convergence over the past three decades and ask if environmentally related impacts on health, and their effect on human capital, are responsible for the slow rate of inequality reduction in countries. Though higher initial incidence of environmentally related impacts on...

Working Paper pdf
– A case of domestic workers in Delhi
Deepita Chakravarty, Nandini Nayak - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Studies on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic have demonstrated that poor women have been the worst sufferers in terms of pay cuts and job losses. Women are the hardest hit also at the household level. They have to bear the brunt of constrained household budgets and have also encountered...

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– Evidence from COVID-19
Sam Jones, Ivan Manhique - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Digital labour platforms have grown five-fold over the last decade, enabling significant expansion in gig work worldwide. We interrogate the criticism that these platforms tend to amplify aggregate economic shocks for registered users (workers). Based on the universe of records from a matching...

Working Paper pdf
– A heterogeneous co-integrated panel analysis
Abrams M.E. Tagem - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

A substantial amount of aid to developing countries is given to the government, or goes through the budget, meaning it should have an impact on government fiscal behaviour (particularly on government spending). The few existing empirical studies on the effects of aid on government spending...

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Pierfrancesco Rolla, Patricia Justino - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Organized crime affects security, development, and democracy worldwide, but not much is known about its social consequences. We study how exposure to the presence of organized crime groups shapes the social capital of Italian citizens, including political participation, civic engagement, and...

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Mrinalini Jha, Rahul Lahoti - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

We investigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on income levels, poverty, and inequality in both the immediate aftermath and during the uneven recovery until December 2021 using high-frequency household survey data from India. We find that the average household incomes dropped sharply...

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Edmund Terence Gomez - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Malaysia provides for interesting paradoxes. Poverty was reduced by adopting a horizontal perspective to policy planning through affirmative action targeting one ethnic group lagging economically in society. However, outcomes of affirmative action include growing wealth and income disparities...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from Argentina’s tax amnesties
Juliana Londoño-Vélez, Dario Tortarolo - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper studies the effectiveness of tax amnesties and their impacts on capital taxation and public spending. We leverage rich policy variation from Argentina, where left- and right-wing governments implemented multiple programmes and achieved varying success. After numerous failed...

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Stephen G. Hall, Bernadette O'Hare - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper empirically investigates the link between the level of government revenue per capita and six indicators of quality of governance in an unbalanced panel data set consisting of all countries in the world (217) using data from 1980 to 2020. It uses single-equation GMM techniques and a VAR...

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Njuguna Ndung'u - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper traces the development of fintech in sub-Saharan Africa, its evolution over time, and the unfolding benefits attained at each stage of its adoption and market evolution. From the onset, fintechs have revolutionized retail electronic payment systems—a revolution that has...

Displaying 16 of 3249 results.