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Publications (3047)

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Chunbing Xing - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper examines the evolution of China’s industrial and occupational structure in the last two decades and its impact on wage inequality. We find that non-routine cognitive and interpersonal tasks have increased, while routine cognitive tasks first increased and then declined....

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Tillman Hönig - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper studies the general equilibrium impact of civil war in Sierra Leone. I first use an instrumental variable (IV) strategy and geographic conflict variation to estimate reduced-form effects. I show that civil war leads to affected areas having a higher share of workers in agriculture,...

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Edson Mazive, Gerson Baza, Gimelgo Xirinda, Ivan Manhique, Jorge Mouco, Silvestre Matola - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Since it began, the COVID-19 pandemic has imposed a number of challenges on Africa and the rest of the world. Following the recommendations of the World Health Organization, many countries imposed social distancing measures and cancelled non-essential activities in order to contain the spread of...

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Annalena Oppel - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Community or interpersonal support as a critical source of livelihood sustenance in the Global South can exhibit unequal dynamics. An understanding of these practices is primarily tied to the conceptual space of poverty or small communities. Less is known about how social support systems might...

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– Practical guidance on measuring intergenerational mobility from a simulation framework
Marcelo Cardona, Sam Jones - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Despite the importance attributed to intergenerational educational mobility in the process of development, there remains little consensus on how mobility should be measured. We present analytical and empirical evidence regarding the sensitivity of alternative estimators to different forms of...

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– Evidence from South Africa
Brandon Joel Tan - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

There is a large literature on the minimum wage focused on directly exposed firms and geographies. This paper provides new evidence that the minimum wage has significant spillover effects on firms exposed to the minimum wage indirectly via firm supply chains. Using administrative firm-level...

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Kwadwo Opoku, Francisco M.P. Mugizi, Emmanuel Adu Boahen - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper uses the latest Tanzania labour force survey—the Integrated Labour Force Survey—and a censored bivariate probit model to analyse gender differences in labour force participation and gender bias in formal wage employment in urban Tanzania. Our findings indicate that,...

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Maria C. Lo Bue, Kunal Sen, Staffan I. Lindberg - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

 It is widely believed that clientelism—the giving of material goods in return for electoral support—is associated with poorer development outcomes. However, systematic cross-country evidence on the deleterious effects of clientelism on development outcomes is lacking. In this...

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Maureen Were, Maureen Odongo, Caroline Israel - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Although Tanzania has made notable progress in enhancing access to financial services, the gender gap in financial inclusion persists. This paper examines gender disparities in financial inclusion in Tanzania using descriptive and regression analyses. While the advent of mobile phone money...

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– A gendered life-course perspective
Yeshwas Admasu, Gina Crivello, Catherine Porter - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

We investigate the causes of the gender disparity in labour market participation in Ethiopia using iterative quantitative and qualitative longitudinal analysis through the whole childhood of the individual into early adulthood, from age 8 up to age 25. Multilevel survival analysis shows that...

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– Insights from a digital matching platform in Mozambique
Sam Jones, Ivan Manhique - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Despite the severe negative economic shock associated with the COVID-19 pandemic, evidence from many contexts points to a surge in sales on online platforms, as well as shifts in the composition of demand. This paper investigates how the pandemic has affected both the supply of and demand for...

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Giulia Barletta, Finório Castigo, Eva-Maria Egger, Michael Keller, Vincenzo Salvucci, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This study assesses the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and the state of emergency implemented by the Government of Mozambique on household consumption poverty. To predict changes in income and the associated effects on poverty and inequality, we rely on macroeconomic impacts estimated by Betho...

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– A social accounting matrix approach
Rosário Betho, Marcia Chelengo, Sam Jones, Michael Keller, Ibraimo Hassane Mussagy, Dirk van Seventer, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This study aims to assess the economic costs of COVID-19 and the state of emergency implemented by the Government of Mozambique, relying on a social accounting matrix. It produces numerical results that represent the direct effect on (or ‘shocks’ to) the economy associated with the...

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– Evidence from the Caribbean countries
Inmaculada Martínez-Zarzoso, Maria C. Lo Bue - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper investigates whether firm performance differs significantly when comparing firms with female and male top managers in the Caribbean region. We use survey data with detailed information on gender for firms in 13 Caribbean countries. Our methodology is based on Blinder–Oaxaca...

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Susan Stokes - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

There are sound theoretical reasons to expect clientelism to suppress economic growth: politicians who garner support by offering employment to voters and grassroots party members can do so more effectively when the voters’ participation constraint is met with low wages. Hence, clientelism...

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– Evidence from matched employer–employee data
Paolo Falco, Francesca Gioia, Neda Trifković - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

The quality of people’s jobs is a fundamental determinant of their well-being, and judging the state of a labour market on the basis of job quantity alone delivers a very partial picture. This study is an attempt to place the spotlight on the working conditions of workers in the Myanmar...

Displaying 16 of 3047 results.