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Working Paper pdf
Carlos Gradín - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper presents preliminary evidence of the annual global income distribution since 1950 using a new integrated dataset that aggregates standardized country income distributions at the percentile level estimated from various sources in the World Income Inequality Database. I analyse the...

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– A cohort analysis
Andreas Backhaus, Elke Loichinger - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Female labour force participation rates have stagnated in sub-Saharan Africa since the turn of the millennium. This paper aims to explain this aggregate pattern by decomposing it into the labour supply behaviour of different birth cohorts and age groups. Using representative and repeated...

Working Paper pdf
Giorgia Giovannetti, Marco Sanfilippo, Arianna Vivoli - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper analyses the impact of trade liberalization on local labour markets in Ethiopia, with a focus on the gender dimension of employment. By exploiting rich micro-level data on Ethiopian workers, we evaluate the effect of the Ethiopian trade reforms on the changes and composition of...

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– Evidence from a least developed African country
Ruth Cadaoas Tacneng, Klarizze Anne Martin Puzon, Thierno Barry - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Using hand-collected survey and experimental data, we examine the determinants of financial literacy as well as the link between self-reported risk and elicited risk preferences in a least developed African country, Guinea. We measure financial literacy as the sum of three elements: financial...

Working Paper pdf
Francesco Iacoella, Patricia Justino, Bruno Martorano - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper analyses how inequality across counties in the United States of America has shaped the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the incidence of protests. The empirical analysis combines weekly data between January and December 2020 on levels of COVID-19-related policy stringency and...

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– A view from below
Simone Schotte, Rocco Zizzamia - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper investigates the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and related policy measures on livelihoods in urban South Africa. Using qualitative research methods, we analyse two rounds of semi-structured phone interviews, conducted between June and September 2020 in the township of Khayelitsha,...

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– Application of a structural gravity model
Vincent Leyaro - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

By measuring the effects of forming and joining a regional integration bloc using an augmented structural gravity model, this paper finds that the East African Community (EAC) and EAC Customs Union have significantly enhanced Tanzanian trade into EAC markets. Kenya has continued to be the main...

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– Evidence from the 2016 retirement reform
Agustin Redonda, Christopher Axelson - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

In 2016, the South African government introduced a comprehensive reform to simplify and harmonize the pension system in order to incentivize pension savings and increase the fairness of the retirement system. Using administrative tax micro-data, we assess the impact of the 2016 reform and find...

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– Facilitating inclusion, organization, and rights for street vendors
Ilona Steiler, Chediel Nyirenda - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

In spite of having some intensive national strategies to address poverty, Tanzania lacks a coherent national strategy to ensure sustainable livelihoods for those working in its informal economy, of which street vending is an important sector. Based on qualitative, in-depth data collected...

Working Paper pdf
– Firm-level evidence from administrative tax data
Keagile Lesame - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper uses firm-level data and a news-based measure of economic policy uncertainty to provide empirical evidence that economic policy uncertainty has a negative impact on firm-level investment in South Africa. Firms’ investment decisions in response to uncertainty reflect firms...

Working Paper pdf
– Do multinational corporations face lower effective tax rates and is there evidence for profit shifting?
Aliisa Koivisto, Nicholas Musoke, Dorothy Nakyambadde, Caroline Schimanski - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

We study how large domestic firms and multinational corporations compare in their effective tax rates and whether there is evidence of profit shifting out of Uganda. Using administrative data from the Uganda Revenue Authority and regression analysis, we find that multinational corporations lower...

Working Paper pdf
Enrique Alaniz, T. H. Gindling, Catherine Mata, Diego Rojas - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Informal work is often considered a place of employment for marginalized and vulnerable workers who have been rationed out of preferred formal work. However, informality can also be seen as a dynamic sector that budding entrepreneurs and those looking for flexible working conditions enter...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from Indonesia
Niken Kusumawardhani, Rezanti Pramana, Nurmala Saputri, Daniel Suryadarma - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Greater female labour market participation has important positive implications not only for women’s empowerment and the well-being of their families but also for the economy they live in. In this paper, we examine the various effects of internet availability on women’s labour market...

Working Paper pdf
Gabriela Zapata-Román - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Using decomposition methods, we analyse the role of the changing nature of work in explaining changes in employment, wage inequality, and job polarization in Chile from 1992 to 2017. Changes in occupational structure confirm a displacement of workers from low-skill occupations towards jobs...

Working Paper pdf
Rita K. Almeida, Lourenço S. Paz, Jennifer P. Poole - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Several episodes of market-oriented reforms in developing countries have been accompanied by a significant rise in work outside of the formal economy. This paper investigates whether the impact of increased exposure to trade on formal employment is mediated by the strength of labour...

Working Paper pdf
– Insights from the Hrishipara diaries
Risto Rönkkö, Stuart Rutherford, Kunal Sen - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

In this paper, we examine the economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the livelihoods of the poor. We use an unusually rich data set from a ‘financial diaries’ study known as the Hrishipara Daily Diaries Project. The data set tracks the economic and financial transactions of 60...

Displaying 16 of 3030 results.