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Publications (3112)

Working Paper pdf
Kyle McNabb, Michael Danquah, Abrams M.E. Tagem - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Attention on domestic resource mobilization—particularly in developing countries—has increased significantly in recent years. This stems from, among other things, recognition in the Sustainable Development Goals that further domestic funding is required for development needs, and the...

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– Evidence from Mexican municipalities
Ana L. De La O - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Does clientelism perpetuate the weak state capacity that characterizes many young democracies? Prior work explains that clientelist parties skew public spending to private goods and under-supply public goods. Building on these insights, this article argues that clientelism creates a...

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Michael Danquah, Bazoumana Ouattara - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

A plethora of work has been done on the effectiveness of foreign aid. However, virtually none of the previous studies has investigated the impact of aid on social cohesion. Yet, in order to promote the achievement of the targets in SDG 16, donors and global partners of developing countries...

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– A microsimulation analysis on selected African countries
Adnan Abdulaziz Shahir, Francesco Figari - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Although the effect of fiscal drag is well studied in the industrialized world, empirical evidence from developing economies remains limited. Against this backdrop, this study aims to explore the effect of fiscal drag on income distribution and work incentives. To this end, the study employs...

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Beatriz Calzada Olvera, Mario Gonzalez-Sauri, Federico Louvin, David-Alexander Harings Moya - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

With data from the World Bank Enterprise Survey, this paper examines how firm-level resilience capabilities interact with government support in the reduction of lay-offs among formal firms in Central America. We estimate two latent variables to approximate resilience-related capabilities...

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Maya Goldman, Ihsaan Bassier, Joshua Budlender, Lindi Mzankomo, Ingrid Woolard, Murray Leibbrandt - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

We use a fiscal incidence model based on the South African 2014/15 Living Conditions Survey to simulate the poverty reduction impacts of a selection of medium-to-long-term social grant options with the goal of replacing the existing special COVID-19 Social Relief of Distress grant upon its expiry...

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– Simulating potential Cash Plus reforms using MicroZAMOD
Katrin Gasior, David McLennan, Mbewe Kalikeka, Miselo Bwalya, Maria Jouste - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

A large share of the population in Zambia is living below the national poverty line. To reduce poverty, in 2019, the government initiated the Cash Plus reform, which aims to build on the existing Social Cash Transfer as a floor benefit with additional benefits to take account of the...

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– Evaluating the 2020 reform and four alternative reform scenarios using UGAMOD, a tax-benefit microsimulation model for Uganda
Ronald Waiswa, Jesse Lastunen, Gemma Wright, Michael Noble, Joseph Okello Ayo, Milly Isingoma Nalukwago, Tina Kaidu Barugahara, Susan Kavuma, Isaac Arinaitwe, Martin Mwesigye, Wilson Asiimwe, Pia Rattenhuber - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Presumptive tax, a final tax on business income, was introduced in Uganda in 1997. The latest reform to the regime in July 2020 sought to make the system more progressive, simpler, and fairer to small firms. In this work, we evaluate the reform, focusing on its revenue implications based on...

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– A descriptive analysis
Sergio Firpo, Alysson Portella, Flavio Riva, Giovanna Úbida - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

In this paper we use different sources of data on job task content to investigate the importance of occupations and the intensity of routine tasks embodied in them in explaining changes in employment and earnings in Brazil, in particular their relation with earnings and polarization, and...

Working Paper pdf
Abrams M.E. Tagem, Oliver Morrissey - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

There is limited research on the underlying institutional framework of tax policy and capacity: how tax collection efficiency changes over time and the importance of institutional factors in this process. This paper fills this gap by devising a measure of tax capacity distinct from commonly...

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– A reflection of practices, policies, and legislation
William Amos Pallangyo - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper assesses the participation of female traders, safety factors, and existing policies and legislation in the informal sector in Tanzania. Primary data were obtained from 11 in-depth interviews, 10 focused group discussions, and 236 structured questionnaires. The primary data were...

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Neil McCulloch, Davide Natalini, Naomi Hossain, Patricia Justino - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Between 2005 and 2018, 41 countries had at least one riot directly associated with popular demand for fuel. We make use of a new international dataset on fuel riots to explore the effects of fuel prices and price regimes on fuel riots. In line with prior expectations, we find that large...

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– Urban-to-rural labour transitions from the factory to the informal economy
Alessandra Mezzadri, Kaustav Banerjee - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

The COVID-19 pandemic has escalated processes of labour transition from industrial work to the informal economy, which have always characterized the life of the working poor. Exploring urban-to-rural labour transitions through a feminist political economy lens and adopting a life-cycle...

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Nandera Ernest Mhando, Nasibu Rajabu Mramba - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

In this paper, we investigate the working conditions of the young women working as assistants in the food vending sector in Tanzania using interviews and focus group discussions which are supplemented with quantitative survey. Data were collected in the municipalities of Nyamagana and Ilemela...

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– A narrative analysis
Tumisang Loate, Romain Houssa, Nicola Viegi - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper analyses the macroeconomic effect of legislated personal income tax changes in South Africa over the 1996–2019 period. We identify personal income tax shocks using a narrative approach and incorporate these shocks in a proxySVAR model. Our analysis shows that permanent changes...

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– How infrastructure contracts fund vote-buying
Alisha Holland, Will Freeman - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Where does the money come from to buy votes? We argue that an important source of funds for vote-buying comes from ‘contract clientelism’, or the provision of public contracts to private firms in exchange for campaign donations. Using quantitative data on Colombian infrastructure...

Displaying 16 of 3112 results.