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Publications (3086)

Working Paper pdf
Nico Ravanilla, Allen Hicken - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Why are the poor susceptible to clientelism, and what factors shield them from the influence of vote buying? We explore the role of both formal and informal social networks in shaping the likelihood of being targeted with private inducements. We argue that when the poor lack access to formal...

Working Paper pdf
– Entrants in intermediate industrial products (inputs into construction)
Grace Nsomba, Thando Vilakazi - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Effective competition in the Southern and East African regions requires independent rivals competing across borders and within domestic markets through innovation and effort, investment, product quality, and prices. To understand the constraints to more dynamic rivalry between firms within the...

Working Paper pdf
Carlos Gradín - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

I discuss the applicability of the recentered influence function (RIF) to the analysis of poverty differentials between distributions (regression-based decomposition into composition and income structure effects). I show that the predominant approach in the empirical literature estimates the...

Working Paper pdf
Dragan Filipovich, Miguel Niño-Zarazúa, Alma Santillán Hernández - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Voter coercion is a recurrent threat to pro-poor redistribution in young democracies. In this study we focus on Mexico’s paradigmatic Progresa-Oportunidades-Prospera (POP) programme. We investigate whether local mayors exploited POP to coerce voters, and if so, what effect these actions had...

Working Paper pdf
Ricardo Santos, Sam Jones - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper builds on a longitudinal school-to-work transition phone survey experiment to quantify the effects on attrition of communicating with participants. Specifically, we study the impact of sending topically relevant information on job market conditions via SMS at the start of each survey...

Working Paper pdf
Carlos Gradín, Annalena Oppel - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

We revisit trends in within-country income inequality using a newly integrated dataset that covers at least 70 per cent of the global population since 1980. We investigate absolute and relative inequality trends across the past four decades, combining the use of Lorenz curves with a set of...

Working Paper pdf
– Receiving more, expecting less?
Prisca Jöst, Ellen Lust - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Are candidates who hand out clientelistic goods at election time less likely to provide services once they take office? This paper examines the poor’s expectations of future service provision by candidates who hand out money and other goods versus those who do not. We hypothesize that the...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from a top university in Brazil
Henrique Z. Motte, Rodrigo C. Oliveira - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Peers play an essential role in cognitive and non-cognitive skills formation. Ordinal rank may also change incentives and environment, impacting students’ efforts. Using two rich administrative data sets and a rule of admission at one top university in Brazil, we apply a regression...

Working Paper pdf
– The Mozambican case
António S. Cruz, Ines A. Ferreira, Johnny Flentø, Finn Tarp, Mariam Umarji - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

At independence in 1975, the Frelimo government took over public administration from the colonial system and started to transform it. The public financial management (PFM) system was adapted to the central planning and management of the economy in line with nationalist and Marxist-Leninist...

Working Paper pdf
João Z. Carrilho, Ines A. Ferreira, Rui N. Ribeiro, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper explores agricultural performance of Mozambique, its institutional weaknesses, and the underlying factors that underpin an unsatisfactory performance during many decades. We point to the role of systemic political instability and violence combined with challenges to state legitimacy...

Working Paper pdf
– Imputing employment income in Tanzania and Zambia
David McLennan, Michael Noble, Gemma Wright, Helen Barnes, Faith Masekesa - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

The quality of data on employment income is explored using Tanzanian and Zambian household survey datasets. The extent of missing and implausible income data is assessed and four different methods are applied to impute missing or implausible values. The four imputation methods are also applied...

Working Paper pdf
Khoa Vu, Paul Glewwe - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Despite a sizeable literature on the labour market effects of maternity leave regulations on women in developed countries, how these policies affect women’s work in developing countries with a large informal sector remains poorly understood. This study examines how extending the...

Working Paper pdf
Ihsaan Bassier - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

How does centralized bargaining affect the broader wage structure? And what does this tell us about the (non-)competitive dynamics of such labour markets? I study large contracted wage increases negotiated by centralized bargaining councils in South Africa, using matched employer–employee...

Working Paper pdf
– Disentangling the interdependencies
Aslihan Arslan, Eva-Maria Egger, Erdgin Mane, Vanya Slavchevska - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Climate change is expected to increase the risk in agricultural production due to increasing temperatures and rainfall variability. Smallholders can adjust by diversifying income sources, including through migration. Most existing studies investigate whether households send a migrant after...

Working Paper pdf
– Exploring the distribution of women’s work between income generation, expenditure-saving, and unpaid domestic responsibilities in India
Ashwini Deshpande, Naila Kabeer - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Based on primary data from India, this paper analyses the reasons underlying women’s low labour force participation. In developing countries, women engaged in unpaid economic work in family enterprises are often not counted as workers. Women are involved in expenditure-saving activities, i....

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from sub-Saharan Africa
Jenny Guardado, Leonard Wantchekon - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Vote-buying—or the pre-electoral distribution of private goods in exchange for support at the ballot box—is often blamed for the poor economic performance of many sub-Saharan countries. For instance, vote-buying may undermine accountability and the implementation of sound development...

Displaying 16 of 3086 results.