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Publications (2945)

Working Paper pdf
H. Xavier Jara, Lourdes Montesdeoca, Iva Tasseva - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper makes use of tax–benefit microsimulation techniques to quantify the distributional effects of COVID-19 in Ecuador and the role of tax–benefit policies in mitigating the immediate impact of the economic shocks. Our results show a dramatic increase in income poverty and...

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– Evidence from 12 low- and middle-income countries
Eva-Maria Egger, Aslihan Arslan, Emanuele Zucchini - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Gender gaps in labour force participation in developing countries persist despite income growth or structural change. We assess this persistence across economic geographies within countries, focusing on youth employment in off-farm wage jobs. We combine household survey data from 12 low- and...

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– Evidence from Catalonia
Laia Balcells, José Fernández-Albertos, Alexander Kuo - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Does secessionism lead to social polarization? Despite much research on independence movements, their relationship to polarization, a key mechanism theorized as increasing the chances of violent conflict, remains less understood. We argue that secessionist conflicts can polarize along both...

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Venugopal Mothkoor, Nina Badgaiyan - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

We measure multidimensional poverty in India using National Sample Survey Organization data from 2014–15 to 2017–18. We use income, health, education, and standard of living to measure the multidimensional poverty index (MPI). The MPI headcount declined from 26.9 to 13.75 per cent...

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Sanghamitra Bandyopadhyay, Rui Sun - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Understanding the relationship between income inequality and economic growth is of utmost importance to economists and social scientists. In this paper we use a Bayesian structural vector autoregression approach to estimate the relationship between inequality and growth via growth and...

Working Paper pdf
Dukhabandhu Sahoo, Diptimayee Mishra, Auro Kumar Sahoo, Phendulwa Zikhona Makunga, Jayanti Behera - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

We investigate the relevance of beta (β, absolute and conditional) and sigma (σ) convergence in the economies of the Common Monetary Area of Southern Africa and in the provinces of the Republic of South Africa using panel data, allowing an understanding of growth and inequality in the...

Working Paper pdf
– Revenue generation, investor-stakeholder alignment, and public policy
Steve Kayizzi-Mugerwa - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper discusses the political economy of oil in Uganda since the announcement of its discovery in 2006. It focuses on the dynamics of oil revenue generation (pre-commercial production) and expenditure, investor-stakeholder contestation (i.e. between bureaucrats, investors/oil companies, and...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from tax administrative data
Goodness C. Aye, Laurence Harris, Junior T. Chiweza - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper examines the relationship between monetary policy and wealth inequality in South Africa. We employed a unique database of tax administrative data which allowed us to account for individual heterogeneity. These tax data span from 2011 to 2017 and include over 3 million individual...

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Hanna Berkel, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Using a novel panel survey of enterprises in Myanmar, we compare the performance of manufacturing firms by three different informality definitions. The first is binary, based on whether firms pay taxes. The second captures five categories of registration with the authorities, and the third...

Working Paper pdf
Olle Östensson - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The paper reviews the debate about transparency in extractive industry commodities trade. It examines the obstacles to improved transparency. A critical review of the experience with estimating losses from a lack of transparency concludes that many of the published estimates of losses from...

Working Paper pdf
– The Tunisian perspective
Mohamed Ali Marouani, Phuong Le Minh, Michelle Marshalian - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

In this paper we investigate the links between wage inequality and the changing nature of jobs in a revolution context. The methodology consists of various decompositions and regressions, including recentred influence function regressions, based on Tunisian labour force surveys from the past 20...

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– Lessons from international best practices
Roseline T. Karambakuwa, Ronney M. Ncwadi, Weliswa Matekenya, Leward Jeke, Syden Mishi - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The paper evaluates strategies for developing successful special economic zones and transnational zones for Southern African countries to spur growth and employment. Most special economic zones implemented in Southern Africa have largely failed to bring adequate growth and employment due to...

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– A review of methods and evidence
Kasper Brandt - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Illicit financial flows (IFFs) constitute a major challenge for development in the Global South, as domestic resource mobilization is imperative for providing crucial public services. While several methods offer to measure the extent of IFFs, each has its benefits and drawbacks. Critically,...

Working Paper pdf
Paola Ballon, Jorge Dávalos - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper identifies the socioeconomic drivers of earnings inequality in Peru in the period 2004–18. Using the ENAHO household surveys and data on routine task content of occupations, we apply inequality decomposition methods to the real earnings distribution, its quantiles, and the Gini...

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– The role of occupational task content
Saloni Khurana, Kanika Mahajan - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

We examine data for urban workers in the non-agricultural sector across three decades, 1983–2017, and find that earnings inequality increased during 1983–2004, was largely stable during 2004–11, and decreased during 2011–17. We explore whether decline in routine jobs...

Working Paper pdf
– Trends and determinants
Shireen AlAzzawi, Vladimir Hlasny - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Youths in the Middle East and North Africa face the highest unemployment rates in the world. Those who are employed are pushed to accept informal sector jobs that are insecure, unsafe, and lack non-wage benefits. Precarious employment is pervasive among lower socio-economic groups, leading to the...

Displaying 16 of 2945 results.