Filter by...
Reset all

Publications (2773)

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from a public federal university in Brazil
Henrique Z. Motte, Rodrigo C. Oliveira - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Can students’ rank in the ability distribution of their class impact their academic achievement? We aim to answer this question using a discontinuity generated by a rule for the distribution of students between classes at a prestigious Brazilian university. The rule means that in...

Working Paper pdf
– Recent approaches and evidence
Himanshu, Peter Lanjouw - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper examines income mobility in developing countries. We start by synthesizing findings from the available evidence on relative mobility and poverty dynamics. We then describe evidence on economic mobility obtained via synthetic panels constructed from cross-section data. We echo...

Working Paper pdf
Patrizio Piraino - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Empirical studies in developing countries tend to find higher levels of socioeconomic persistence across generations compared with those of high-income economies. However, there have been relatively few advances in the identification of the drivers of such higher levels of intergenerational...

Working Paper pdf
– A comparison across different selection models
Indrajit Bairagya - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This study focuses on estimating the returns to education in non-farm self-employed businesses in the Indian context, using nationwide individual- and household-level data provided by the India Human Development Survey for the year 2011/12. Given that different studies have used different...

Working Paper pdf
– A case study of a quantitative sociological approach to social mobility research in the Global South
Yaojun Li - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This study analyses intergenerational class mobility in China as a case study of a quantitative sociological approach to social mobility research in the Global South. Drawing on national representative surveys collected between 2010 and 2015 in China, the analysis focuses on absolute and...

Working Paper pdf
– How spillovers from foreign direct investment boost the complexity of South Africa’s exports
Bjørn Bo Sørensen - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Countries’ economic complexity, and the associated diversification and sophistication of their exports, is a key determinant of economic growth. Understanding how South African firms learn to export more sophisticated products is, therefore, an important policy issue. Using...

Working Paper pdf
– A micro-level analysis
Michael Danquah, Abdul Malik Iddrisu, Williams Ohemeng, Alfred Barimah - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The financial sector in rural areas, where most of the poor people in sub-Saharan Africa are found, has transformed massively in recent times, notably through the increased penetration of several types of rural financial intermediaries in addition to rural and community banks and microfinance...

Working Paper pdf
Lawrence Edwards, Ayanda Hlatshwayo - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper uses detailed firm transaction data on manufactured exports to analyse the dilution of the real exchange rate-export relationship in South Africa over the period 2010 to 2014. Our empirical results show that firms that are larger, have higher export shares in destination markets,...

Working Paper pdf
– Different economic models but similarly low levels of socioeconomic mobility
Roy van der Weide, Ambar Narayan - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

The United States and China are the world’s largest economies. Together they are responsible for about one-third of the world’s economic output. This paper aims to examine whether the two economic giants are also lands of opportunity where resources are allocated in a way that...

Working Paper pdf
Anandi Mani, Emma Riley - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

We review the literature on pathways through which social networks may influence social mobility in developing countries. We find that social networks support members in tangible ways—via access to opportunities for migration, credit, trading relationships, information on jobs, and new...

Working Paper pdf
Jonathan Glennie, Nilima Gulrajani, Andy Sumner, Myles Wickstead - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Most Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development countries have accepted, in principle at least, the 50-year-old commitment of contributing 0.7 per cent of gross national income to supporting the development of countries in the Global South. But what if all countries made a...

Working Paper pdf
– The case of Chile
Andrés Solimano, Gabriela Zapata-Román - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper describes the structural transformations that Chile has experienced in the last 50 years and how they have contributed—or not—to inclusive growth and genuine economic modernization from a historical perspective. The empirical analysis of the paper shows a premature...

Working Paper pdf
– Impact of food, soft drinks, and coffee on cognitive and non-cognitive test scores
Thomas Pave Sohnesen - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Cognitive and non-cognitive tests are key factors in many aspects of economics, especially within labour market analysis. Non-cognitive tests and personality traits are increasingly used, as these are found to be as critical as cognitive abilities for labour market outcomes, while they might...

Working Paper pdf
Matteo Fiorini, Marco Sanfilippo - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

We look at how improving roads can affect jobs and structural transformation. We use a novel geocoded dataset covering the universe of Ethiopian roads and match this information with individual data to identify the effects of improvements in road infrastructure on the creation, quality, and...

Working Paper pdf
– The case of Kenya
Peter Wamalwa, Maureen Were - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

The role of exports in promoting economic growth has been widely acknowledged. This paper analyses the link between exporting and growth performance in Kenya using time series data. Despite trade liberalization and export promotion policies pursued over time, Kenya’s export growth has...

Working Paper pdf
– An emerging market perspective
Ayanda Hlatshwayo, C. Friedrich Kreuser, Carol Newman, John Rand - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper uses matched employer-employee data from South Africa to examine the extent to which technology transfers between firms through the hiring of workers. Allowing for differential spillovers based on observable technology differences between sending and receiving firms, we find strong...

Displaying 16 of 2773 results.