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Publications (2686)

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Alfred Moyo - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper investigates whether Southern African Development Community countries that are vulnerable to changes in oil prices could instead substitute oil and petroleum products with biofuels and gas from within the region. A pooled mean group estimator was used to determine the impact of oil...

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– A review of levels and trends
Himanshu - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper contributes to the literature by reviewing levels, trends, and structure of inequality since the early 1990s in India. It draws extensively on the existing literature, supplemented with analyses of multiple data sources, to paint a picture. It notes where different data sources...

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Maria C. Lo Bue, Flaviana Palmisano - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

The canonical approach to analysing the poverty impact of growth is based on the comparison of poverty before and after growth. Measurement tools that endorse this approach fail to capture the different experiences of poverty dynamics in the population: there can be groups of the...

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– Perspectives on the social determinants of health in Mozambique
Alba Llop-Gironés, Sam Jones - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

The social determinants of health have not been studied extensively in low-income contexts, where most studies focus on access to medical care. We undertake a retrospective cross-sectional analysis of the social determinants of health in Mozambique for the 2002–14 period, covering 258,...

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Margaryta Klymak - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper examines whether foreign competition affects the reallocation of unpaid and family workers from household businesses to working outside of the family firm. Using a rich panel dataset of Vietnamese manufacturing enterprises that went through trade liberalization, I ...

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Sithembiso Mtanga, Richard McCamel - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper provides an overview of the structure, key functions, and characteristics of the motorcycle parts and aftermarket industries in Southern Africa in order to identify challenges to and opportunities for growth in these industries. The research examines the end markets and utilization...

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Justin Visagie, Ivan Turok - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Services are the fastest growing portion of world trade and now account for nearly a quarter of global exports. This presents opportunities for emerging economies to adapt and enter new markets. Many countries in southern Africa have struggled to diversify from a heavy reliance on primary...

Working Paper pdf
Rob Davies, Laurence Harris, Konstantin Makrelov - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

We employ a micro-founded and stock-and-flow-consistent model to study the impact of a higher leverage ratio on the South African economy. The model provides a rich representation of institutional balance sheets. The relationship between bank capital, risk-taking behaviour, lending spreads,...

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– Rent-sharing and monopsony in South Africa
Ihsaan Bassier - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Using administrative tax records from South Africa for the period 2011–14, I find that firm wage premia explain 25 per cent of the total wage variance, 60 per cent of the gender wage gap, and 40 per cent of the gap between workers in the middle and the bottom of the income ...

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– Model-based simulation and case-study evidence
Chris Elbers, Peter Lanjouw - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

The North Indian village of Palanpur has been the subject of close study over a period of six decades from 1957/8 to 2015. Himanshu et al. (2018) have documented the evolution of the village economy over this period in an exhaustive study entitled How Lives Change: Palanpur, India and Development...

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– Firm-level evidence from administrative tax data
Keagile Lesame - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Monetary policy is believed to have a disproportionate effect on firms, depending on their size. Financially constrained firms with limited access to capital markets are expected to be more sensitive to changes in interest rates; this is characteristic of small firms. This paper empirically...

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– Policy relevant research possibilities using South African tax data
Amina Ebrahim, Kezia Lilenstein - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper has three primary objectives. First, it provides a broad overview of the available South African data used to examine gender in the labour market, with specific reference to the South African Revenue Services (SARS) tax data which has recently been made available. Second, the paper...

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– Looking back with data
Ciaran Driver - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper provides a retrospective assessment of the effects of trade policies on South African manufacturing since the transition to democracy, examining the differences and commonalities in the views of economists in favour of and against an acceleration of trade liberalization. Data from...

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Goodness C. Aye, Laurence Harris - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This study investigates the effect of real exchange rate volatility on the distribution of income between labour and capital in South Africa. Both symmetric and asymmetric effects are considered. Using quarterly data for 1985:1–2018:3 and local linear projection, we find that the immediate...

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– Evidence from South Africa
Amina Ebrahim, Jukka Pirttilä - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

The paper examines the incidence and employment impacts of the Employment Tax Incentive, a South African wage subsidy system that is targeted at the employers of low-wage youth. The paper uses a triple differences strategy and survey and administrative data, covering the universe of South...

Working Paper pdf
Amina Ebrahim, Chris Axelson - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

The availability of anonymized individual tax return data can contribute to a deeper understanding of the drivers behind the high levels of inequality and unemployment in South Africa. In the recent past, researchers have examined either payroll or personal income tax data. This paper explains...

Displaying 16 of 2686 results.