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Publications (183)

Research Brief
UNU -WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2012 - Helsinki, Finland

The strong interdependent relationship between the developed and developing countries made itself visible again with the recent economic downturn. Due to the now truly global character of the economy, the crisis did not only affect the North, where the first signs of crisis were seen in 2007, but...

Research Brief
UNU -WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2012 - Helsinki, Finland

As the country’s oil production shifts into gear, Ghana’s new status as a middle-income country is bound to see a reduction in official development assistance (ODA) in the medium to long term. This emerging oil industry will most likely provide a stimulus for increased net foreign...

Research Brief
– What Does the Evidence Say?
UNU -WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2012 - Helsinki, Finland

Donors are concerned about how their aid is used, especially how it affects public spending. For low-income countries that receive significant amounts of aid relative to GDP, most of the aid spent in the country is given to the government either directly, or by financing services that would...

Research Brief
– Progressing on One Without the Other?
UNU -WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2012 - Helsinki, Finland

Women are increasingly seen as an important part of the international development agenda. Empowering women and promoting gender equality are enshrined as global development objectives with the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) agreed in 2000. Despite empowering women widely being viewed as a...

Research Brief
UNU -WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2012 - Helsinki, Finland

Almost all major development institutions today say that promoting good governance is an important part of their agendas. The outcome document of the recent 2011 Busan High-Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness further reflects these commitments. In a well-cited quote, former UN Secretary-General Kofi...

Research Brief
UNU -WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2011 - Helsinki, Finland

Donor political interests have heavily influenced aid flows to North Africa in the past. This has reduced the effectiveness of aid which, with the exception of Tunisia, has not been associated with sustained economic growth. The Arab Spring provides an opportunity to reappraise aid flows to the...

Research Brief
UNU -WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2011 - Helsinki, Finland

The view that democracy can be good for development has held sway in influential international development policy circles for over two decades now. And over that time considerable efforts have been made internationally to give direct encouragement and support to moves towards democratic...

Research Brief
UNU -WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2011 - Helsinki, Finland

After sixtyyears of foreign aid efforts and dramatic change in the world of aid recipients, many concerns are being raised about the effectiveness of current aid programmes to developing countries. The appropriateness of aid is particularly questionable when considering the character of the...

Research Brief
UNU -WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2011 - Helsinki, Finland

Innovations in social protection systems design have moved forward quickly on the supply-side over the past decade. But the same degree of creativity has not been applied to the equally critical demand-side constraints to social protection. Without channels through which the demand for social...

Policy Brief pdf
Wim Naudé, Adam Szirmai, Micheline Goedhuys - UNU-WIDER, 2011 - Helsinki, Finland

How does innovation impact on development? How, and under what conditions, do entrepreneurs in developing countries innovate? And what can be done to support innovation by entrepreneurs in developing countries? This policy brief addresses these questions and explains the relationship between...

Policy Brief pdf
– China, India, Brazil and South Africa
Amelia U. Santos-Paulino, Guanghua Wan - UNU-WIDER, 2010 - Helsinki, Finland

This Policy Brief focuses on links between the developing countries of Brazil, India, China and South Africa and the global economy, with a special emphasis on the implications of China’s spectacular growth on developing economies and the rest of the world. The issues considered include...

Policy Brief pdf
Amelia U. Santos-Paulino - UNU-WIDER, 2010 - Helsinki, Finland

Policy coherence implies that donors in pursuing domestic policy objectives should avoid adversely affecting the development prospects of poor countries. To achieve policy coherence donors and multilateral institutions need to ensure security and political stability; foresee the impacts of...

Policy Brief pdf
– Policy Challenges
Wim Naudé - UNU-WIDER, 2010 - Helsinki, Finland

This policy brief provides some fresh perspectives on the relationship between entrepreneurship and development, and considers policy design issues. It reports on the UNU-WIDER two-year research project 'Promoting Entrepreneurial Capacity', which aimed to understand whether and how...

Policy Brief pdf
Machiko Nissanke, Erik Thorbecke - UNU-WIDER, 2010 - Helsinki, Finland

Despite the enormous potential of globalization in accelerating economic growth through greater integration into the world economy the impact of globalization on poverty reduction has been uneven. Asia has been the major beneficiary of globalization where high growth rates and its labor-intensive...

Policy Brief pdf
Wim Naudé, Amelia U. Santos-Paulino, Mark McGillivray - UNU Press, 2008 - Tokyo, Japan

The first Millennium Development Goal aims to halve the number of people in the world living in extreme poverty. In this Research Brief, emanating from the UNU-WIDER project on ‘Fragility and Development’, the premise is that we should also be concerned about households who are...

Policy Brief pdf
– 仅有高经济增长够吗?
Guanghua Wan - UNU-WIDER, 2008 - Helsinki, Finland

The slowdown and in some years reversal of poverty reduction in China forcefully demonstrates that growth is not sufficient for combating poverty even if that growth is of unprecedented magnitude. Policy initiatives should take into consideration inequality, especially urban-rural disparity. This...

Policy Brief pdf
– Is High Growth Enough?
Guanghua Wan - UNU-WIDER, 2008 - Helsinki, Finland

The slowdown and in some years reversal of poverty reduction in China forcefully demonstrates that growth is not sufficient for combating poverty even if that growth is of unprecedented magnitude. Policy initiatives should take into consideration inequality, especially urban-rural disparity. This...

Policy Brief pdf
Basudeb Guha-Khasnobis - UNU-WIDER, 2008 - Helsinki, Finland

World hunger is prevalent yet receives relatively less attention compared to poverty. The MDGs have taken a step to address this with the resolution of halving the number of starving people in the world by 2015. A substantial and sustainable reduction in hunger will also greatly improve the chances...

Policy Brief pdf
Ha-Joon Chang - UNU-WIDER, 2007 - Helsinki, Finland

The volume Institutional Change and Economic Development fills some important gaps in our understanding of the relationship between institutional changes and economic development. It does so by developing new discourses on the 'technology of institution building' and by providing detailed...

Policy Brief pdf
Wim Naudé, Marianne Matthee - UNU-WIDER, 2007 - Helsinki, Finland

The success of Africa's exports, as well as its spatial development, depends on lowering transport costs. In this Policy Brief, we address a number of pertinent questions on transport costs in Africa, such as 'what are transport costs?', 'do transport costs matter for trade?...

Policy Brief pdf
David Clark, Mark McGillivray - UNU-WIDER, 2007 - Helsinki, Finland

This Policy Brief is an outcome of the UNU-WIDER research project 'Social Development Indicators'. The overall aim of the project was to provide insights into how human well-being might be better conceptualized and, in particular, measured, by reviewing various concepts and measures and...

Policy Brief pdf
Machiko Nissanke, Erik Thorbecke - UNU-WIDER, 2007 - Helsinki, Finland

While the economic opportunities offered by globalization can be large, a question is often raised as to whether the actual distribution of gains is fair, in particular, whether the poor benefit less than proportionately from globalization and could under some circumstances be hurt by it. This...

Policy Brief pdf
Andrés Solimano - UNU-WIDER, 2006 - Helsinki, Finland

Talent (combining creativity, education, skills, and knowledge) is associated with human capital and provides a very valuable economic resource. In the past, the emigration of human capital from developing countries raised fears because of the associated 'brain drain'. This is still a...

Policy Brief pdf
Tony Addison, Alan R. Roe, Matthew Smith - UNU-WIDER, 2006 - Helsinki, Finland

Growth, poverty reduction, and social peace are all undermined when public expenditure management and taxation are weak and when the fiscal deficit and public debt are not managed successfully. And large-scale aid and debt relief cannot work without a good fiscal system. The macroeconomic...

Policy Brief pdf
– L’Expérience Africaine Peut-Elle Inspirer la Banque Centrale Européenne
David Fielding - UNU-WIDER, 2005 - Helsinki, Finland

Les 14 pays membres de la zone franc en Afrique de l'Ouest et en Afrique centrale constituent - avec plusieurs décennies d'avance sur l'Union monétaire européenne - la plus importante union monétaire de l'hémisphère austral. Face à la perspective de création, à court terme, de...

Policy Brief pdf
David Fielding - UNU-WIDER, 2005 - Helsinki, Finland

The 14-member Franc Zone in West and Central Africa represents the largest monetary union in the southern hemisphere, predating the European Monetary Union by decades. With monetary unions planned for other parts of Africa in the near future, Macroeconomic Policy in the Franc Zone focuses on some...

Policy Brief pdf
Ravi Kanbur, Anthony J. Venables - UNU-WIDER, 2005 - Helsinki, Finland

The UNU-WIDER project on 'Spatial Disparities in Human Development' has collected and analyzed evidence on the extent of spatial inequalities within developing countries. The studies find that spatial inequalities are high, with disparities between rural and urban areas, and also between...

Policy Brief pdf
– Funding the Millennium Development Goals
Anthony Barnes Atkinson - UNU-WIDER, 2004 - Helsinki, Finland

As a result of the Five Year Review of the World Summit for Social Development, the UN General Assembly in September 2000 adopted a resolution calling for 'a rigorous analysis of the advantages, disadvantages and other implications of proposals for developing new and innovative sources of...

Policy Brief pdf
Matthew Odedokun - UNU-WIDER, 2004 - Helsinki, Finland

External development finance consists of those foreign sources of funds that promote or at least have the potential to promote development in the destination countries if delivered in the appropriate form. This rather broad definition qualifies all forms of external finance, and the quality and...

Policy Brief pdf
Christina Boswell, Jeff Crisp - UNU-WIDER, 2004 - Helsinki, Finland

This WIDER Policy Brief examins issues such as liberalizing migration policies; protecting refugees in regions of origin; addressing the root causes of migration and refugee flows; influencing perceptions of the costs and benefits of migration; and developing international migration management....

Policy Brief pdf
Matthew Clarke - UNU-WIDER, 2003 - Helsinki, Finland

The rise of the new economy is undeniable. Yet its impact on the development process is still to be fully understood. Investment in ICT itself is not sufficient to ensure longterm improvements in social well-being but requires other factors that result in an enabling environment in which progress...

Policy Brief pdf
– Garantir l'Avenir des Populations Pauvres
Tony Addison - UNU-WIDER, 2003 - Helsinki, Finland

Ce cahier de politique présente une synthèse des résultats d'un projet de l'UNU/WIDER sur la guerre et la reconstruction en Afrique, conduit sous la direction de Tony Addison, et qui viennent d'être publiés dans une étude intitulée From Conflict to Recovery in Africa. Comme le démontre...

Policy Brief pdf
– Levar aos Pobres os Benefícios da Paz
Tony Addison - UNU-WIDER, 2003 - Helsinki, Finland

Este resumo na área das políticas apresenta os resultados de um projecto do UNU/WIDER sobre a guerra e a reconstrução em África da autoria de Tony Addison, que se encontra actualmente publicado sob o nome de From Conflict to Recovery in Africa. Tal como este estudo deixa bem claro, a paz é...

Policy Brief pdf
– Making Peace Work for the Poor
Tony Addison - UNU-WIDER, 2003 - Helsinki, Finland

This policy brief summarizes the results of a UNU/WIDER project on war and reconstruction in Africa directed by Tony Addison, which is now published as From Conflict to Recovery in Africa. As this study makes clear, peace is often elusive and economic policy can play a major role in supporting the...

Policy Brief pdf
– Issues and Institutions
Deepak Nayyar, Julius Court - UNU-WIDER, 2002 - Helsinki, Finland

This policy brief is intended to outline suggestions and stimulate discussion at a time when the world community is thinking about, and is engaged in, a debate on global governance. The policy brief not only focuses on the reform of existing institutions, but also proposes new institutions that...

Policy Brief pdf
Giovanni Andrea Cornia, Julius Court - UNU-WIDER, 2001 - Helsinki, Finland

This policy brief reports the main findings of the study on changes in within-country income inequality over the last two decades and on the links between poverty, inequality, and growth. It focuses on inequality at the national level, i.e. the distribution of income among people within a country....

Policy Brief pdf
Alain de Janvry, Elisabeth Sadoulet - UNU-WIDER, 2001 - Helsinki, Finland

The objective of this research and policy brief is to analyse different mechanisms of access to land for the rural poor in an era when redistribution through expropriative land reform is largely inconsistent with the forces of the political economy. The roads of access to land which are explored...

Policy Brief pdf
Jeni Klugman - UNU-WIDER, 1999 - Helsinki, Finland

In simple language and with numerous concrete examples, this policy brief analyses the impact - among others - of key ex-ante factors such as acute 'horizontal inequality' between social groups in the distribution of assets, state jobs, social services and so on; the failure of political...

Policy Brief pdf
Patrick Humphreys, Matti Palo - UNU-WIDER, 1998 - Helsinki, Finland

A multidisciplinary research project organized by UNU-WIDER shows that ongoing destruction of the world's forests is greatly contributing to the greenhouse effect. Deforestation is often a consequence of market distortions that hide the real economic value of forests and result in the...

Displaying 183 of 183 results.