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Publications (3245)

Working Paper pdf
– Guidelines for NEP implementation
Naveen Kumar, Vinitha Varghese - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper documents the state of elementary education in India and China since the 1960s, key lessons for India from China’s shift in focus from ‘quantity’ to ‘quality’, and evidence-based guidelines for effective implementation of India’s New Education Policy...

Working Paper pdf
– Strongman leadership, weak state capacity, and the politics of deployment in the Philippines
Julio C. Teehankee - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic undermined the populist legacy of Philippine president Rodrigo R. Duterte. Despite implementing one of the longest and strictest lockdowns globally, the country has struggled with controlling the pandemic. While Duterte looks to have triumphed in his attack...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from Viet Nam
Duc Anh Dang, Ngoc Anh Tran - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Government effectiveness has played an important role in tackling the crisis caused by the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. This paper discusses the different aspects of government effectiveness in explaining the variation in the COVID-19 confirmed cases and death levels in Viet Nam. We use...

Working Paper pdf
– Uttar Pradesh’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic
Indrajit Roy - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

A rich and growing literature illustrates the paradox of COVID-19 responses by governments across the world. States with higher levels of authority and capacity have struggled to respond effectively to COVID-19, while states with low capacity and authority have been more effective in containing...

Working Paper pdf
Jos Chathukulam, Manasi Joseph - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

During the first wave of COVID-19 infections, Kerala, a state in southern India, successfully managed to contain the pandemic. As a result, the Kerala model of managing the COVID-19 pandemic was celebrated as a success across the globe. However, at the time of writing, it looks like the...

Working Paper pdf
Tung Duc Phung, Thanh Minh Pham - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Viet Nam has achieved remarkable economic growth and poverty reduction since the Doi Moi. However, ethnic minorities and the ethnic majority do not benefit equally from the national economic progress. The proportion of poor households that are ethnic minority-headed soared from 18 per cent in...

Working Paper pdf
– An exploration of tensions over race-based policies of redress and redistribution in South Africa
Ayabonga Cawe - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Capital spending on infrastructure presents a significant counter-cyclical tool, however contested it might be in a society as unequal as South Africa. The history of racial capitalism, race-based exclusion from economic participation, and an enduring political economy based on the...

Working Paper pdf
Aimable Nsabimana - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

There has been much discussion on climate change and its adverse effects on agriculture, including excessive loss of food production. In regions such as sub-Saharan Africa, where agriculture is the major source of household livelihoods, shocks in weather patterns affect farmers’...

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– Understanding it through the beginning and end of the Mahila Samakhya programme
Jyotsna Jha, Niveditha Menon, Neha Ghatak - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper analyses the political economy of women’s-empowerment-related policy-making in India through a re-examination of the context of both the genesis and closure of a major programme, Mahila Samakhya. Mahila Samakhya, which embodied feminist philosophy and pedagogy, started in 1987...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from Australia
Astghik Mavisakalyan, Yashar Tarverdi - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper adds to knowledge on the role of politicians’ and voters’ identities in influencing policy-making in societies marked by ethnic inequality. The outcome we investigate is the initiatives and policies targeting Indigenous populations in the context of Australia. We ask...

Working Paper pdf
– Implications for policy
Samwel J. Kabote, Jires Tunguhole - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper analyses factors for the declining trend in clove exports in Zanzibar using time series data that were collected between 1980 and 2020 and analysed using the vector error correction model, complemented with qualitative analysis. Clove production, producer price, world price, gross...

Working Paper pdf
Calla Hummel, Ximena Velasco Guachalla, Jami Nelson-Nuñez, Carew Boulding - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

On 10 March 2020, the Bolivian government identified two COVID-19 cases in Bolivians returning from Italy. The national government responded swiftly and sent the country into one of the world’s strictest lockdowns on 22 March 2020. However, low state capacity and low government...

Working Paper pdf
– Or what to do when r > g
Roy Havemann, Hylton Hollander - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

South Africa runs a primary fiscal deficit and the long-term interest rate on government borrowing, r, is greater than the long-term economic growth rate, g. Without intervention, debt will continue to rise until there is a disorderly fiscal stop. Reforms to raise growth have not materialized,...

Working Paper pdf
Avinash Kumar, Manish Kumar - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper presents a critical analysis of official data related to COVID-19 in Bihar state, India, which points to the manipulation of data for political ends. The ruling party’s claim that the state managed the COVID pandemic brilliantly seems more politically motivated than scientific...

Working Paper pdf
Isabel Maria Casimiro, Júlio Machele - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

The subject of this paper is health and ethnic inequalities in Mozambique, with special reference to leprosy. It is argued that the health policies and strategies adopted in the colonial and post-colonial periods led to an unequal distribution not only of certain diseases but also of health...

Working Paper pdf
Martha Alter Chen, Sophie Plagerson, Laura Alfers - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper makes the case that current social contracts are often inadequate, irrelevant, or unjust for informal workers. It outlines three possible future scenarios: the bad old contract, an even worse contract, and a better new contract. Under the bad old contract, informal workers lacked...

Displaying 64 of 3245 results.