Baseline Survey on the School-to-Work Transitions of University Graduates in Mozambique

The survey on the School-to-Work Transitions of University Graduates in Mozambique aims to respond to the concerns of the Government of Mozambique and development partners with respect to youth employment in the country. The focus is on the transition of young people from education to the labour market. When studying this transition, two significant target populations are distinguished: the population reaching working age, and those reaching the highest levels of education and graduating from their degree courses. In this study, our focus is on the second group.

Mozambique faces a serious shortage of qualified human resources, with only 1.2% of its population having received higher education (INE 2015). This underlines the importance of following the process of the transition from education to work, particularly of this bettereducated population cohort, as the experience of the most-qualified youth in their transition to the labour market provides a window into the overall functioning of the formal labour market. In this respect, this survey aims to analyse the determining factors of the employability of young women and men, who, being undergraduates in their university courses in 2017, are expected to transit to the labour market as early as 2018.

This report summarizes the results of a baseline survey conducted between March and November 2017 in six universities in the cities of Maputo and Beira. It is expected that there will be six rounds of follow-up of the initial sample through telephone surveys, which will be carried out quarterly between March 2018 and August 2019. The final survey report will be produced after completion of the six rounds.