The New Basel Capital Accord and Developing Countries
Issues, Implications and Policy Proposals
This paper argues that, if implemented in its current form, the new Basel Capital Accord will adversely effect developing sovereigns, corporates and banks wishing to borrow in international markets. This impact will result from the major banks’ lending patterns being altered by the adoption of internal ratings based approaches, leading to a significant reduction of bank, and/or a sharp increase in the cost of international borrowing for many developing countries. Greater use of banks’ internal risk management systems is also inherently pro-cyclical and therefore likely to amplify the economic cycle, thus increasing both the frequency and scale of crises.