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Publications (137)

Working Paper pdf
– The case of BRICS
Goodness C. Aye - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

As the world battles with the triple problems of social, economic, and environmental challenges, it has become important to focus both policy and research efforts on these. Therefore, this study examines the effect of wealth inequality on CO2 emissions in five emerging economies: Brazil, Russia,...

Working Paper pdf
– Trade liberalization and the rise of populism in Brazil
Francesco Iacoella, Patricia Justino, Bruno Martorano - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper investigates the long-term impact of economic shocks on populism, by exploiting a natural experiment created by the trade liberalization process implemented in Brazil between 1990 and 1995. This high impact and low duration event generated a profound shock to the economy with, we argue...

Working Paper pdf
– The case of Brazil
Sergio Firpo, Renan Pieri, Rafaela Nogueira - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Through rapid urbanization, Brazil—previously a country where most workers were in the agricultural sector—went through a strong process of structural transformation that lasted almost four decades until economic liberalization at the beginning of the 1990s. During the same period,...

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– Evidence from a public federal university in Brazil
Henrique Z. Motte, Rodrigo C. Oliveira - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Can students’ rank in the ability distribution of their class impact their academic achievement? We aim to answer this question using a discontinuity generated by a rule for the distribution of students between classes at a prestigious Brazilian university. The rule means that in...

Working Paper pdf
– Where they move and why prices matter
Eva-Maria Egger - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Traditional economic models predict rural to urban migration during the structural transformation of an economy. In middle-income countries, it is less clear which direction of migration to expect. In this paper I show that in Brazil as many people move out of as into metropolitan cities, and...

Working Paper pdf
Eva-Maria Egger - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Empirical evidence suggests that the social effects of internal migration may be substantially different from those associated with the arrival of international migrants. In this paper, I provide the first evidence of the effect of internal migration on crime with longitudinal data from...

Santiago Levy - GlobalDev, 2019

Access to effective social insurance in Latin America is typically determined by workers’ status in the labor market – whether they have formal or informal jobs. This column explains why the separate systems constitute a bad economic and social policy. The author calls for...

Carlos Gradín, Kunal Sen - United Nations Development Programme Human Development Reports, 2019

Income inequality is the result of complex processes with multiple interacting driving forces but understanding those drivers in emerging economies is particularly difficult because of data and analytical challenges. While most middle-income countries produce comprehensive household surveys these...

– Inclusive growth trend of this millennium is over
Marcelo Neri - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

After three decades of persistently high inequality, Brazil has been experiencing a downward trend since 2001, accompanied by a rise in household incomes. These trends lasted until 2014 when a major reversal took place on both fronts. Since the 1970s Brazil has been one of the most unequal...

Working Paper pdf
Marcelo Neri - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

After three decades of persistently high income inequality, from 2001 Brazil experienced a downward inequality trend followed by rising household income growth. Both movements lasted until 2015. This work synthesizes the results of six papers, describing Brazilian income distribution trends...

Working Paper pdf
– The role of firms, education, and top incomes 1994–2015
Marcelo Neri, Cecilia Machado, Valdemar Pinho Neto - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper documents the evolution and the determinants of earnings inequality in the Brazilian formal sector from 1994 to 2015, using establishment level data. In 2015, schooling explained 33 per cent of overall inequality. Firm-specific effects explain 65 per cent of total inequality level...

Working Paper pdf
Cecilia Machado, Marcelo Neri, Valdemar Pinho Neto - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

We study the trajectory of the gender gap over time and over the life cycle, using a matched employer-employee data from the formal labour market in Brazil. We document the evolution of participation and earnings for both males and females during the period 1994–2015 and the gender...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Karen Codazzi, Valéria Pero, André Albuquerque Sant'Anna - Review of Development Economics, 2018

Part of Journal Special Issue Female Autonomy and Women’s Welfare

Working Paper pdf
– Combining surveys and income tax data in Brazil
Marcelo Neri, Marcos Hecksher - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper evaluates the impacts of combining household surveys with income tax return files, in terms of growth, inequality, and social welfare in Brazil from 2007 to 2015. This exercise holds the promise of adding more realistic top income values to traditional surveys. While the previous...

Working Paper pdf
– Dynamic microsimulation, 2003–15
Marcelo Neri, Rozane Siqueira, José Ricardo Nogueira, Manuel Osorio - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper assesses causes and consequences of fiscal redistribution in Brazil. The framework proposed allows evaluating in an integrated manner the impacts of government-sponsored actions in inequality and mean income changes on social welfare, addressing both static and dynamic implications...

Working Paper pdf
Marcelo Neri, Tiago Bonomo - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Education-related changes are often argued as the main reasons for changes in earnings distribution. However, omitted variable and measurement error biases possibly affect econometric estimates of these effects. Brazil experienced a sharp fall of individual labour income inequality between...

Displaying 16 of 137 results.