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Publications (151)

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Eva-Maria Egger - Economic Development and Cultural Change , 2022

Empirical evidence suggests that the social effects of internal migration may be substantially different from those associated with the arrival of international migrants. In this study the author provides the first evidence of the effect of internal migration on crime with longitudinal...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from the regulation of junkyards in Brazil
Andre Mancha - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

I describe how monitoring and harsher law enforcement reduce the expected economic benefits of crime. I investigate the effect of shifts in legal authorities’ surveillance by focusing on junkyards, firms often associated with illegal markets and auto theft. Starting in 2014, many...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– The role of trade and labour policies on informality
Rita K. Almeida, Lourenço S. Paz, Jennifer P. Poole - Journal of Development Studies, 2022

Part of Journal Special Issue What sustains informality

Working Paper pdf
– Insights from Brazil’s social protection system
Natasha Borges Sugiyama - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Policy frames in Brazil have long run up against conflicting visions and understandings about the causes and consequences of group-based inequality. This paper argues that a class-based lens has dominated the social protection framework. In recent years, political leaders have framed social...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from Brazilian electronic biddings
Adilson Sampaio, Paulo Figueiredo, Klarizze Anne Martin Puzon - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Using big data from the Brazilian public procurement system, this research aims to investigate what factors are associated with the occurrence of anticompetitive practices in electronic bidding. Our analysis considers all services contracted between 2014 and 2017. The study uses the logit...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from a top university in Brazil
Rodrigo C. Oliveira, Alei Santos, Edson Severnini - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Affirmative action in higher education may lead to mismatch, a situation where students benefiting from preferential admission struggle with their college-level work because of poor pre-college academic preparation. In the United States, those students can switch majors if they underperform in...

Working Paper pdf
– A descriptive analysis
Sergio Firpo, Alysson Portella, Flavio Riva, Giovanna Úbida - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

In this paper we use different sources of data on job task content to investigate the importance of occupations and the intensity of routine tasks embodied in them in explaining changes in employment and earnings in Brazil, in particular their relation with earnings and polarization, and...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from a top university in Brazil
Henrique Z. Motte, Rodrigo C. Oliveira - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Peers play an essential role in cognitive and non-cognitive skills formation. Ordinal rank may also change incentives and environment, impacting students’ efforts. Using two rich administrative data sets and a rule of admission at one top university in Brazil, we apply a regression...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from a high-dosage programme in Brazil
Daniel Da Mata, Rodrigo C. Oliveira, Diana Silva - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Using admission lotteries and registry data linking labour market outcomes, we study the effect of a vocational training programme focused on disadvantaged individuals in Brazil. The intensive programme is an 18-month classroom training coupled with a 6-month on-the-job training provided by...

Working Paper pdf
– A decomposition approach
Rodrigo C. Oliveira, Raul da Mota Silveira Neto - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

The purpose of this article is to provide new evidence about the sources of regional income inequalities in Brazil along the wage distribution, taking into account the regional differentials in purchasing power. We use a unique and recent regional purchasing power index to adjust nominal values...

Blog
Lourenço S. Paz, Rita K. Almeida, Jennifer P. Poole - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Globalization has generally coincided with a rise in work outside the formal economy, intensifying job precarization — when high-quality, formal jobs that entitle workers to benefits are replaced by jobs which may not comply with regulations and offer fewer benefits. In a recent study of...

Book Chapter This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– What are the main drivers of income distribution changes in the new millennium?
Marcelo Neri - Oxford University Press, 2021 - Oxford
Working Paper pdf
Rita K. Almeida, Lourenço S. Paz, Jennifer P. Poole - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Several episodes of market-oriented reforms in developing countries have been accompanied by a significant rise in work outside of the formal economy. This paper investigates whether the impact of increased exposure to trade on formal employment is mediated by the strength of labour...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Evidence from Brazil
Eva-Maria Egger - IZA Journal of Development and Migration, 2021

Traditional economic models predict rural to urban migration during the structural transformation of an economy. In middle-income countries, it is less clear which direction of migration to expect. In this article, the author shows that in Brazil as many people move out as into metropolitan...

Working Paper pdf
– The case of BRICS
Goodness C. Aye - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

As the world battles with the triple problems of social, economic, and environmental challenges, it has become important to focus both policy and research efforts on these. Therefore, this study examines the effect of wealth inequality on CO2 emissions in five emerging economies: Brazil, Russia,...

Working Paper pdf
– Trade liberalization and the rise of populism in Brazil
Francesco Iacoella, Patricia Justino, Bruno Martorano - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper investigates the long-term impact of economic shocks on populism, by exploiting a natural experiment created by the trade liberalization process implemented in Brazil between 1990 and 1995. This high impact and low duration event generated a profound shock to the economy with, we argue...

Displaying 16 of 151 results.