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Publications (145)

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from a top university in Brazil
Henrique Z. Motte, Rodrigo C. Oliveira - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Peers play an essential role in cognitive and non-cognitive skills formation. Ordinal rank may also change incentives and environment, impacting students’ efforts. Using two rich administrative data sets and a rule of admission at one top university in Brazil, we apply a regression...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from a high-dosage programme in Brazil
Daniel Da Mata, Rodrigo C. Oliveira, Diana Silva - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Using admission lotteries and registry data linking labour market outcomes, we study the effect of a vocational training programme focused on disadvantaged individuals in Brazil. The intensive programme is an 18-month classroom training coupled with a 6-month on-the-job training provided by...

Working Paper pdf
– A decomposition approach
Rodrigo C. Oliveira, Raul da Mota Silveira Neto - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

The purpose of this article is to provide new evidence about the sources of regional income inequalities in Brazil along the wage distribution, taking into account the regional differentials in purchasing power. We use a unique and recent regional purchasing power index to adjust nominal values...

Blog
Lourenço S. Paz, Rita K. Almeida, Jennifer P. Poole - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Globalization has generally coincided with a rise in work outside the formal economy, intensifying job precarization — when high-quality, formal jobs that entitle workers to benefits are replaced by jobs which may not comply with regulations and offer fewer benefits. In a recent study of...

Book Chapter This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– What are the main drivers of income distribution changes in the new millennium?
Marcelo Neri - Oxford University Press, 2021 - Oxford
Working Paper pdf
Rita K. Almeida, Lourenço S. Paz, Jennifer P. Poole - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Several episodes of market-oriented reforms in developing countries have been accompanied by a significant rise in work outside of the formal economy. This paper investigates whether the impact of increased exposure to trade on formal employment is mediated by the strength of labour...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Eva-Maria Egger - Economic Development and Cultural Change , 2021

THIS ARTICLE IS ON EARLY VIEW/JUST ACCEPTED MANUSCRIPT/PRE COPY-EDITING Empirical evidence suggests that the social effects of internal migration may be substantially different from those associated with the arrival of international migrants. In this study the author provides the...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Evidence from Brazil
Eva-Maria Egger - IZA Journal of Development and Migration, 2021

Traditional economic models predict rural to urban migration during the structural transformation of an economy. In middle-income countries, it is less clear which direction of migration to expect. In this article, the author shows that in Brazil as many people move out as into metropolitan...

Working Paper pdf
– The case of BRICS
Goodness C. Aye - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

As the world battles with the triple problems of social, economic, and environmental challenges, it has become important to focus both policy and research efforts on these. Therefore, this study examines the effect of wealth inequality on CO2 emissions in five emerging economies: Brazil, Russia,...

Working Paper pdf
– Trade liberalization and the rise of populism in Brazil
Francesco Iacoella, Patricia Justino, Bruno Martorano - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper investigates the long-term impact of economic shocks on populism, by exploiting a natural experiment created by the trade liberalization process implemented in Brazil between 1990 and 1995. This high impact and low duration event generated a profound shock to the economy with, we argue...

Working Paper pdf
– The case of Brazil
Sergio Firpo, Renan Pieri, Rafaela Nogueira - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Through rapid urbanization, Brazil—previously a country where most workers were in the agricultural sector—went through a strong process of structural transformation that lasted almost four decades until economic liberalization at the beginning of the 1990s. During the same period,...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from a public federal university in Brazil
Henrique Z. Motte, Rodrigo C. Oliveira - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Can students’ rank in the ability distribution of their class impact their academic achievement? We aim to answer this question using a discontinuity generated by a rule for the distribution of students between classes at a prestigious Brazilian university. The rule means that in...

Working Paper pdf
– Where they move and why prices matter
Eva-Maria Egger - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Traditional economic models predict rural to urban migration during the structural transformation of an economy. In middle-income countries, it is less clear which direction of migration to expect. In this paper I show that in Brazil as many people move out of as into metropolitan cities, and...

Working Paper pdf
Eva-Maria Egger - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Empirical evidence suggests that the social effects of internal migration may be substantially different from those associated with the arrival of international migrants. In this paper, I provide the first evidence of the effect of internal migration on crime with longitudinal data from...

Santiago Levy - GlobalDev, 2019

Access to effective social insurance in Latin America is typically determined by workers’ status in the labor market – whether they have formal or informal jobs. This column explains why the separate systems constitute a bad economic and social policy. The author calls for...

Carlos Gradín, Kunal Sen - United Nations Development Programme Human Development Reports, 2019

Income inequality is the result of complex processes with multiple interacting driving forces but understanding those drivers in emerging economies is particularly difficult because of data and analytical challenges. While most middle-income countries produce comprehensive household surveys these...

Displaying 16 of 145 results.