Search
Filter by...
Reset all
Type
Year
Topic
Project
Country
Ecuador
Region

Publications (50)

UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Governments in low- and middle-income countries face a trade-off between raising tax revenue to strengthen social protection and creating incentives to enter formal employment. In developed countries so called in-work transfers (i.e., social benefits paid upon condition of being employed) have...

Working Paper pdf
Kwabena Adu-Ababio - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper calculates automatic stabilization in Ghana, South Africa, and Ecuador to explain income cushioning amid income and demand shocks. Fiscal policies within these countries are also stress tested to gauge welfare contingencies and insurance. A discretionary action approach is adopted...

Working Paper pdf
H. Xavier Jara, Pia Rattenhuber - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Low- and middle-income countries face a trade-off between raising tax revenue to strengthen social protection and creating incentives for the population to enter formal employment. However, empirical evidence on labour supply elasticities in the presence of informal employment remains scarce....

Technical Note pdf
H. Xavier Jara, Pia Rattenhuber - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

This technical note presents one of the modelling approaches used in Jara and Rattenhuber (2022) to estimate formal employment elasticities, namely the estimation of a discrete choice model of labour supply with informal employment. The approach makes use of ECUAMOD, the tax-benefit model for...

Journal Article
– Evidence from Ecuador
H. Xavier Jara, Lourdes Montesdeoca, Iva Tasseva - European Journal of Development Research, 0

THIS ARTICLE IS ON EARLY VIEW | By combining household survey data before and during the COVID-19 pandemic with detailed tax-benefit simulations, this paper quantifies the distributional effects of COVID-19 in Ecuador and the role of tax-benefit policies in mitigating the immediate impact of...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from Ecuadorian transaction data
Jakob Brounstein - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This study leverages a unique data set on the universe of transactions exiting the Ecuadorian economy to estimate the tax-price elasticity of demand for tax-sheltering activities using offshore fiscal havens. I determine this elasticity quasi-experimentally by comparing the evolution in funds...

Report pdf
H. Xavier Jara, Fernando Martín, Lourdes Montesdeoca, Leonardo Vera - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This report documents ECUAMOD, the SOUTHMOD micrososimulation model developed for Ecuador. It describes the different tax–benefit policies in place, how the microsimulation model takes advantage of these different provisions, and the database on which the model runs. It concludes...

Technical Note pdf
H. Xavier Jara - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This technical note has been produced alongside a WIDER working paper assessing the effects on income inequality and income tax simulations of adjusting top incomes of employees in survey data based on administrative tax records in Ecuador. The paper and the technical note are based on ECUAMOD...

Technical Note pdf
H. Xavier Jara - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This note has been produced alongside a WIDER working paper assessing the effect of the Unemployment Insurance benefit on income protection in Ecuador. The aim of this note is to describe the methodology used to assess the effect of the Unemployment Insurance through the simulation of...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from Ecuador
Nicolás Oliva, H. Xavier Jara, Pia Rattenhuber - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Based on tax records data from Ecuador, we analyse gender differences in top income groups from 2008 to 2017. Ecuador represents an interesting case as it shares many trends with other countries in the region in terms of women’s status in the labour market. While we observe a significant...

– It needs a rethink
H. Xavier Jara, Lourdes Montesdeoca, Iva Tasseva - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Household incomes in Ecuador were badly hit by the pandemic, despite the government’s emergency grant to families. H Xavier Jara Tamayo (University of Essex), Lourdes Montesdeoca (Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales, Ecuador) and Iva Tasseva (LSE) say the country needs to rethink...

UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

What was the impact on earnings of the economic crisis caused by the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in Ecuador? To what extent did social assistance programmes compensate household income losses? ECUAMOD, the tax-benefit microsimulation model for Ecuador, helps to assess the distributional...

Working Paper pdf
H. Xavier Jara, Lourdes Montesdeoca, Iva Tasseva - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper makes use of tax–benefit microsimulation techniques to quantify the distributional effects of COVID-19 in Ecuador and the role of tax–benefit policies in mitigating the immediate impact of the economic shocks. Our results show a dramatic increase in income poverty and...

H. Xavier Jara, Lourdes Montesdeoca - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

View the latest ECUAMOD country report here. This report documents ECUAMOD, the SOUTHMOD micrososimulation model developed for Ecuador. The report describes the different tax–benefit policies in place, how the microsimulation model takes advantage of these different...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Carla Canelas - Small Business Economics, 2019

This paper uses national representative data from the Ecuadorian Family Expenditure survey to study the determinants of poverty and informality in the country, taking into account the two-way relationship between these two phenomena. The main contribution of this paper is to present new...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Women, Conditional Cash Transfers, and Paid Employment in Southern Ecuador
María Gabriela Palacio Ludeña - Population and Development Review, 2019
Displaying 16 of 50 results.